Davis gun

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Davis gun mounted to Anti-Submarine airplane

The Davis gun was the first true recoilless gun developed and taken into service. It was developed by Commander Cleland Davis[1] of the US Navy, in 1910, just prior to World War I.

Back to Back[edit]

The Davis gun was fitted to such aircraft as the American Curtiss HS-2 for anti-submarine duties

His design connected two guns back to back, with the backwards-facing gun loaded with lead balls and grease of the same weight as the shell in the other gun, acting as a counter. His idea was used experimentally by the British and America as an anti-Zeppelin and anti-submarine weapon[2] mounted on the British Handley Page O/100 bomber and the American Curtiss HS-2L and H-16 (flying boats)[1] respectively. The direct development of the gun ended with World War I, but the firing principle has been copied by later designs.

Statistics[edit]

The gun was made in three sizes of 1.57, 2.45 and 3, taking 2, 6 and 12 pound shots respectively.[1] The 3 carried a pressure 15 tons per square inch when fired.[3] Usually a Lewis machine gun was mounted on top of the Davis gun's barrel which was then used for sighting and as an auxiliary and anti-aircraft weapon.

Museum Pieces[edit]

There is an example still at the Naval Aviation Museum at Pensacola, Florida and another at the Imperial War Museum in London.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Post The Davis recoilless gun". www.theaerodrome.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "DAVIS AMMUNITION". www.big-ordnance.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "United States of America Experimental and Miscellaneous 3" (7.62 cm) Guns". www.navweaps.com. Retrieved 19 November 2012.