Davis Mountains State Park

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Davis Mountains State Park
Davis Mts Nima (2).JPG
Davis Mountains State Park
Map showing the location of Davis Mountains State Park
Map showing the location of Davis Mountains State Park
Davis Mountains
Location Jeff Davis County, Texas, United States
Nearest city Fort Davis
Coordinates 30°35′45″N 103°55′58″W / 30.59583°N 103.93278°W / 30.59583; -103.93278Coordinates: 30°35′45″N 103°55′58″W / 30.59583°N 103.93278°W / 30.59583; -103.93278
Area 2,709 acres (1,096 ha)
Established 1938-1939
Governing body Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Davis Mountains State Park is a 2,709-acre (1,096 ha) state park located in the Davis Mountains in Jeff Davis County, Texas. The closest town is Fort Davis, Texas. The park elevation is between 5,000 and 6,000 ft (1,500 and 1,800 m) above sea level. The original portion of the park was deeded to Texas Parks and Wildlife Department by a local family. Original improvements were accomplished by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1933 and the park was opened to the public around 1938. Campground facilities were added in 1967.

History[edit]

Interest in developing a state park in the Davis Mountains began in earnest in 1923 when the Texas Legislature directed the newly created State Parks Board to investigate the area. However, the Parks Board failed to secure any land donations and had no appropriations to buy the land. By 1933, the Great Depression had so devastated the local economy that landowners agreed to donate 560 acres for the park. CCC Companies 879 and 881 arrived in June of 1933 and began organizing their camp. Their developments in the park included roads, an overlook shelter, two mess halls, stone picnic tables, fireplace and steps, a latrine and Indian Lodge.[1]

Features[edit]

The park is next to the Fort Davis National Historic Site and the two are connected by four miles of hiking trails. Within the park is the "Indian Lodge", an adobe motel with 39 rooms that was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s.

The park has seven miles of equestrian trails in the special use Limpia Canyon Primitive Area, the section of the park north of Texas State Highway 118.

Flora[edit]

Davis Mountains State Park receives more rain than the surrounding desert and hosts a variety of trees such as Mexican Pinyon (Pinus cembroides), Emory Oak (Quercus emoryi), Gray Oak (Quercus grisea) and One-seed Juniper (Juniperus monosperma). Shrubs such as Scarlet Bouvardia (Bouvardia ternifolia), Little-leaf Leadtree (Leucaena retusa), Trompillo (Ipomoea hederifolia), Evergreen Sumac (Rhus virens), Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica), Apache Plume (Fallugia paradoxa), Little Walnut (Juglans microcarpa), Tree Cholla (Cylindropuntia imbricata), Torrey Yucca (Yucca torreyi), Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii), and Agarita (Mahonia trifoliolata) abound. The high elevations 6,000 to 8,360 ft (1,830 to 2,550 m) above sea level, not in the park, boast Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) and Quaking Aspen (Populus tremuloides).

Fauna[edit]

Montezuma Quail are regularly observed in the park. Western Scrub Jays, White-winged Doves, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Rock Squirrels are among the most common wildlife seen. Collared Peccary, Cougars and American black bears have also been recorded in the park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Look of Nature: Designing Texas State Parks During the Great Depression. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved August 9, 2014.

External links[edit]