27 October 1964 |
Asmara, Ethiopian Empire
(now Asmara, Eritrea)
|Occupation||playwright, journalist and writer|
|Notable award(s)||Norwegian Freedom of Expression Prize (2009)|
Dawit Isaak (born 27 October 1964) is a Swedish-Eritrean playwright, journalist and writer. Isaak has been held in Eritrean prison since 2001 without trial and is considered a traitor by the Eritrean government. Amnesty International considers him a prisoner of conscience and has called for his immediate and unconditional release. He is the only Swedish citizen held as a prisoner of conscience.
Asylum and Swedish citizenship
Isaak came to Sweden in August 1987 and he became a Swedish citizen on 4 November 1992. Isaak lived in the west coast city of Gothenburg. When Eritrea gained independence, Isaak returned to his native country, got married and had children. He began work as a reporter for the country's first independent newspaper, Setit. Eventually, he became a part-owner of the newspaper.
On 23 September 2001, Isaak was arrested in his home in Asmara, Eritrea. Concurrently, ten other independent journalists and eleven prominent reformist politicians of the so-called G-15 were arrested, ostensibly for demanding democratic reforms in a series of letters to president Isayas Afeworki. The independent press, including the Setit newspaper, had covered the confrontation between the president and the reformers.
In April 2002, CPJ, the Committee to Protect Journalists, reported that Isaak was hospitalized due to torture. The Eritrean government denied that he has been tortured, but did not allow anyone to visit him. Isaak had not been tried before a court. Because he held dual Swedish and Eritrean citizenship, Swedish authorities began working for his release, using "quiet diplomacy" according to government sources.
On 19 November 2005, Isaak was released from jail, and according to official Eritrean sources, he was released only to see a doctor. After only two days of freedom, and while on his way to the hospital, Isaak was imprisoned again. He is believed to be held in Carchele prison in central Asmara.
On 27 March 2009, four of the five largest newspapers in Sweden, Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet, featured a plea for the release of Isaak on their first pages. In addition, the five newspapers will feature joint reports on Isaak's situation, and a joint petition which was handed over to the Eritrean Embassy in Stockholm on 4 May. By 4 May, 209,963 people had signed the petition.
On 26 May 2009, during an interview with the Swedish TV4 (channel 4) the president of Eritrea dismissed the issue altogether by saying "We will not have any trial and we will not free him. We know how to handle his kind." and "To me, Sweden is irrelevant. The Swedish government has nothing to do with us."
The "quiet diplomacy" method that the Swedish authorities have employed to work for Isaak's release has been criticised by Swedish media, and the president of the Swedish section of Reporters Without Borders, Jesper Bengtsson, made a statement in April 2010, saying that "[i]t is a disgrace that Dawit remains in prison and it is remarkable that the Swedish government does not try harder to get him released."
Rumors about death
There has been rumors about Isaak being killed several times. The latest time was on 27 October 2011, his 47th birtday, when Swedish commercial radio channel "Radio 1" claimed that Dawit Isaak could be dead. In April 2012, rumours of his death once again came to attention when several Eritrean politicians stated that he had died in prison. When a government official from Eritrea was confronted about the rumours during an interview in Sweden, he avoided the question and refused to answer.
- On 2 March 2007, Isaak was awarded a newly created prize, dedicated to the memory of Anna Politkovskaya and awarded by the Swedish National Press Club.
- In 2009 Isaak was awarded the Kurt-Tucholsky-Prize of the Swedish P.E.N.-Association.
- He was awarded the Norwegian "Ytringsfrihetsprisen", the Freedom of Expression Prize for 2009, at the annual meeting of the Norwegian Authors' Union on 14 March 2010.
- In October 2011 Isaak received the Golden Pen of Freedom Award of the World Association of Newspapers. The award was handed over in Vienna to his brother Esias Isaak.
- Hope (2010)
- "Sveriges ende samvetsfånge Dawit Isaak - en bakgrund". Sveriges Radio. 24 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 July 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- "Annual Report 2011". Amnesty International. 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- Hoff, Simon (2 November 2007). "Öppet hus för gymnasielärare" (in Swedish). Government of Sweden. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- "Livstecken från Dawit" (in Swedish). Mothugg. 11 March 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- "Weekly protests against Eritrea to free journalist". afrol News. 6 January 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- Larsson, Thorbjörn; Mattsson, Thomas; Samuelsson, Lena K; Helin, Jan; Jungkvist, Kalle (26 March 2009). "Free Dawit Isaak: Five Swedish editors-in-chief join forces to get the journalist Dawit Isaak free". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- Carlbom, Mats (4 May 2009). "Namnunderskrifterna överlämnade". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- "Totalt skrev nästan 210.000 personer under". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 4 May 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- "Dawit Isaak friges inte". Sydsvenskan (in Swedish). Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå. 26 May 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- "Witness Account of Imprisoned Dawit Isaak". Sveriges Radio. 7 April 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- Mision i ri i Pacollit në Eritre, KosovaTimes (in Albanian) 2012-02-2012
- Svahn, Clas (27 October 2011). "Dawit Isaak är flyttad från fängelset". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- "Sources: Swedish journalist died in Eritrean prisons" (in Norwegian). vg.no. Associated Press. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "Hopp : historien om Moses och Mannas kärlek & andra texter / Dawit Isaak ; (redaktörer: Björn Tunbäck och Swante Weyler ; utgiven i samarbete med Alfabeta ...)", libris.se. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
- Karlsson, Johan; Sjöberg, Rickard (2004). Dawit och friheten: om den svenske samvetsfången och Eritreas inställda demokratisering (in Swedish). Stockholm: Silc Publishing House. ISBN 91-974771-7-6.