Dawlat Berdi

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Dawlat Berdi
Khan
Shahanshah
Reign Reigned from 1419 to 1421, and again from 1428 to his death in 1432.
House Borjigin
Dynasty Golden Horde of the Mongol Empire
Father Jabbar Berdi
Born Golden Horde
Died 1432
Religion Islam
Silver coin found in Kaffa bearing Dawlat Berdi's name

Dawlat Berdi (died 1432), also known as Devlet Berdi, was a Khan of the Golden Horde who reigned from 1419 to 1421, and again from 1428 to his death in 1432. He was the son of Jabbar Berdi and a descendant of Berke Khan.

His first reign was brief, lasting from 1419 to 1421, when he and his rival Ulugh Muhammad were defeated by Baraq.[1] After Baraq's assassination in 1427, Dawlat established himself in Crimea. Olugh Mokhammad attempted an invasion of his territory in 1430, but was unable to defeat Berdi and retreated following the death of Vytautas, his main supporter.

Due to the efforts of Hacı I Giray Dawlat was never able to consolidate control over Crimea[2] and was assassinated in 1432. His son, Äxmät, proved unable to resist the combined forces of Ulugh Muhammad and the Crimean Tatars and was defeated the following year, leading to the creation of the Crimean Khanate.[3]

An unnamed daughter may have become the wife of John IV of Trebizond.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Paine, Sheila: The Golden Horde: From the Himalaya to the Mediterranean, Penguin Books, 1998.
  1. ^ , Bosworth, Clifford Edmund, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, p. 253. Edinburgh University Press, 2004.
  2. ^ Hostler, Charles Warren: The Turks of Central Asia, p. 30. Praeger Publishers, 1993.
  3. ^ Hostler, Charles Warren: The Turks of Central Asia, p. 33. Praeger Publishers, 1993.
  4. ^ Profile of Alexios IV and his children in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley
Dawlat Berdi
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hajji Muhammad Khan ibn Oghlan Ali
Khan of the Golden Horde (with Ulugh Muhammad)
1419–1421
Succeeded by
Baraq
Preceded by
Baraq
Khan of the Golden Horde (with Ulugh Muhammad)
1427–1432
Succeeded by
Sayid Ahmad I