Dawlish railway station

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Dawlish National Rail
Dawlish
Location
Place Dawlish, Devon
Local authority Teignbridge
Coordinates 50°34′50″N 3°27′52″W / 50.58055°N 3.46453°W / 50.58055; -3.46453Coordinates: 50°34′50″N 3°27′52″W / 50.58055°N 3.46453°W / 50.58055; -3.46453
Grid reference SX964766
Operations
Station code DWL
Managed by First Great Western
Number of platforms 2
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2002/03   0.265 million
2004/05 Increase 0.282 million
2005/06 Increase 0.293 million
2006/07 Increase 0.326 million
2007/08 Increase 0.369 million
2008/09 Increase 0.396 million
2009/10 Increase 0.401 million
2010/11 Increase 0.438 million
2011/12 Increase 0.480 million
2012/13 Increase 0.507 million
History
Original company South Devon Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
Opened 1846
Rebuilt 1875
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Dawlish from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Dawlish railway station is on the Exeter to Plymouth line and serves the town of Dawlish in Devon, England. The station is built on the sea wall, as is the railway line, and has often suffered from storm damage due its proximity to the sea. South of the station the line passes through five tunnels through the cliffs as it follows the coast.

History[edit]

Dawlish in the 1870s with the station and chimney for the atmospheric pumping engine in the right background.

The station was opened by the South Devon Railway on 30 May 1846.[1] The strange wall with bricked up windows that can be seen in the car park is the remains of the engine house that used to power the trains while they were worked by atmospheric power from 13 September 1847 until 9 September 1848. At this time it was one of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge railways.

The station initially had just one platform on the landward side with a loop line closer to the sea, but a second platform was added to serve the loop line on 1 May 1858. The original wooden station and train shed was burnt down on 14 August 1873 and the present buildings opened to replace it on 12 April 1875. The platforms have been extended several times to cope with the crowds and now reach all the way to Coastguards' Footbridge, although the Exeter platform was shortened again in 1970.[2]

The South Devon Railway was amalgamated into the Great Western Railway on 1 February 1876, and on 20 May 1892 the line was converted to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge. The Great Western in turn was nationalised into British Railways on 1 January 1948.

The decorative iron and glass canopies above the platforms were replaced by concrete beams and glass panels in 1961 but the glass has since been replaced by Perspex.[3] Goods traffic was withdrawn on 17 May 1965.

Signalling[edit]

The 1920 signal box

The first signal box was provided on the seaward platform beside the north end of the waiting room but this was replaced by a new two-storey signal box on 9 September 1920 on the opposite platform. So as to fit on the narrow platform the brick-built lower storey which contained the interlocking equipment was narrower than usual, with the upper storey was vaulted out from this to give a full size operating floor.[2]

After the summer of 1970 the signal box was only opened on summer weekends or if there were problems working along the sea wall. It finally closed on 27 September 1986 since when the trains have been controlled from Exeter.[2] Despite attempts to find a commercial use for the redundant building, it remained empty until 2013 when it was demolished during the period 2–5 July.[4]

1921 accident[edit]

On 22 September 1921 a Plymouth to Crewe passenger train collided with an Exeter St Davids to Newton Abbot goods train that was shunting in the station. The passenger train, hauled by Star Class 4055 Princess Sophia, failed to stop at a danger signal. Cranes cleared the line by lifting damaged wagons onto the beach, where they remained for a couple of days.[2]

2014 sea wall breach[edit]

On 5 February 2014 the station and adjacent sea wall were damaged in a storm. This prevented the use of the railway for several weeks.[5] The line reopened on 4 April 2014.[6]

Description[edit]

View from the south end of the platform

The station is adjacent to the beach near the gardens at the centre of the town. The main frontage is in banded rusticated masonry. The remaining walls are rendered except for the east elevation, which faces the sea, which is in rubble stone. It has two storeys as the railway runs above street level and a café occupies most of the street frontage.[3] The main entrance is at road level on the side served by trains to Exeter. This opens onto a booking office with an ornate ceiling[2] from where a flight of stairs lead up to the Exeter platform, but step-free access can be obtained through a gate from the car park beside the station buildings, which is the only access route when the booking office is closed.

Access to the opposite platform is by way of a covered footbridge, the stairways of which are contained within the building. Passengers who cannot use the steps can be escorted across the barrow crossing at the south end of the station by the station staff.

Immediately to the south of the station is the low Colonnade Viaduct, which carries the railway above the small river that runs through the gardens and the main footpath from the town to the beach and the South West Coast Path. To the north of the station is Coastguards Footbridge, with Coastguards Cottage, now a café, on the hill above the line to the west, and Brunel's Boat House between the line and the beach to the east.

Services[edit]

A First Great Western service to London Paddington

Dawlish is served by First Great Western local trains in both directions on an approximately hourly basis during the day - more frequent at peak times. Most trains run between Exmouth and Paignton; on Sundays the service is less frequent and most trains only run between Exeter St Davids and Paignton.[7] The line from Exeter St Davids through Dawlish to Paignton is marketed as the "Riviera Line".

A few First Great Western trains from Bristol or from London Paddington station also call at Dawlish[7] as do CrossCountry services from the North of England.[8] Most of these services, including the Torbay Express from Paddington, continue to Paignton but a few run instead to Plymouth and even Penzance. At other times passengers travelling east or north catch a local train and change into main line trains at Exeter St Davids, or at Newton Abbot if travelling westwards.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Dawlish Warren   First Great Western
Riviera Line
  Teignmouth
Exeter St Davids   CrossCountry
Cornwall-Scotland
  Teignmouth

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gregory, R H (1982). The South Devon Railway. Salisbury: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-286-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Kay, Peter (1991). Exeter - Newton Abbot: A Railway History. Sheffield: Platform 5 Publishing. ISBN 1-872524-42-7. 
  3. ^ a b Oakley, Mike (2007). Devon Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 978-1-904349-55-6. 
  4. ^ Marsden, Colin J. (September 2013). "Dawlish signal box goes". Modern Railways (Key Publishing) 70 (780): 16. ISSN 0026-8356. 
  5. ^ "Dawlish storm damage rail closure 'to cost millions'". BBC news. 2014-02-06. Retrieved 2014-02-18. 
  6. ^ "Dawlish's storm-damaged railway line reopens". BBC news. 2014-04-04. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  7. ^ a b "National Rail Timetable 135 (May 2013)" (PDF). Network Rail. 
  8. ^ "National Rail Timetable 51 (May 2013)" (PDF). Network Rail. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Beck, Keith; Copsey, John (1990). The Great Western in South Devon. Didcot: Wild Swan Publication. ISBN 0-906867-90-8. 
  • Cooke, RA (1984). Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR, Section 14: South Devon. Harwell: RA Cooke. 
This station offers access to the South West Coast Path
Distance to path 50 yards (46 m)
Next station anticlockwise Dawlish Warren 1.75 miles (2.82 km)
Next station clockwise Teignmouth 3 miles (4.8 km)