|The Right Honourable
|1st British Governor of Manila|
November 2, 1762 – May 31, 1764
|Monarch||George III of the United Kingdom|
|Preceded by||Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra
(As Governor-General of the Philippines and Manila)
|Succeeded by||Francisco Javier de la Torre
(As the Governor-General of the Philippines and Manila since 17 March 1764)
|Governor of White Town|
Madras, India (now Chennai, India)
|Died||1784 (aged 59–60)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (April 2011)|
The Rt. Hon. Dawsonne Drake (1724–1784) was the sole British governor of Manila from 1762 to 1764, during the British occupation of the Seven Years' War. Prior to his term as the Manila administrator, he was the governor of White Town from 1742 to 1762.
Born in Madras, India (now Chennai, India) in 1724, Dawsonne Drake was the second son of George Drake (4 December 1696 - 1741), a native of Buckland and descendant of Sir Francis Drake, and his wife, Sophia Bugden.
In 1742, Dawsonne Drake joined the British East India Company where he held the position as the clerk. At that time, he also became the governor of White Town, Madras. Because of his faithful service and good connection, he was promoted again and again until he became a member of the Madras Council.
On 2 November 1762, he assumed gubernatorial office as the first British governor of Manila. He was assisted by a council of four, consisting of John L. Smith, Claud Russel, Henry Brooke and Samuel Johnson. During his administration in the Philippines, his term was scandalized by bitter quarrels with various military officers (General William Draper; Admiral Cornish; Major Felt; Captain Thomas Backhouse (command British forces in Manila); and Captain William Brereton[disambiguation needed], RN).
Upon his return to India in 1764, he was tried by the Madras Council on charges filed by his enemies such as bribery, misappropriation of public funds, and violation of orders from the Company. He was found guilty and was sentenced to be dismissed and shipped back to England. The directors of East India Company at London, however, in consideration of his previous services, modified the sentence by simply demoting his rank.
Drake continued to serve as member of the Madras Council until his death in 1784. He left a large fortune, including some valuable Spanish paintings which were part of the loot of Manila. He died unmarried in 1784.
- Halili, Marie Christine (2004). Philippine History. Sampaloc Manila: Rex Bookstore. pp. 99–102. ISBN 978-971-23-3934-9.
- "Ilocos Sur".
- Spate, Oskar Hermann Khristian (1983). Monopolists and Freebooters. Kent, United Kingdom: Croom Helm Ltd. pp. 272–276. ISBN 0-7099-2371-6.
- "Drakes of Buckland".
Preceded by Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra
As Governor-General of the Philippines and Manila
|British Governor of Manila
Succeeded by Francisco Javier de la Torre
As the Governor-General of the Philippines and Manila (since March 17, 1764)
|Governor of White Town, Madras