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Dasi Township in Taoyuan County
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Huang Rui-Song|
|• Total||40.6 sq mi (105.1 km2)|
|Population (January 2014)|
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- This page is about Dasi of Taoyuan County. For the borough of the same name in Yilan County, see Dasi Station
Dasi Township (Chinese: 大溪; Hanyu Pinyin: Dàxī; Tongyong Pinyin: Dàsī; Wade–Giles: Ta-hsi; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tāi-khoe; also seen as "Tahsi"), is an urban township in eastern Taoyuan County of Taiwan. In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan.
The Dasi area was occupied for several thousand years by the Atayal people. The Atayal called the local river Takoham in their native Austronesian language; it is also known as the Dahan River (大漢溪) in Chinese. Eighteenth-century Han settlement in the Taipei Basin led many Atayal families to relocate upriver, though some Atayal stayed and mingled with the newcomers. The settlement later became an important trading post in 19th century.
In 1803, open fighting broke out between two rival factions of Han settlers in Taipei, and many refugees fled south for safety. Among the refugees was the Lin clan, one of the wealthiest clans in Taiwan at the time. The clan settled in Takoham, invested its fortunes in the settlement and brought prosperity to the whole region. Due to its strategic location and the investments made by the Lin clan, Takoham became the center of trading and transportation between Taipei and the south. Goods would arrive here to be transported to Taipei via Dahan river, and many traders opened their shops in the area; some of the shops still exist today in the old town section.
When the North-South Railway that bypasses the Takoham settlement was completed in 1909, the importance of river trade declined. Takoham lost its significance in North-South transportation, and is no longer a significant trading port. On the other hand, it became famous for the production of wooden furniture. In 1920, the Japanese government renamed this area Daikei (大溪, meaning "big creek"). After World War II, the ROC government has promoted the Mandarin romanizations Ta-hsi, and more recently Dasi, as its official name.
Dasi is known for its dried tofu (大溪豆干), a popular ingredient in Taiwanese cuisine. Dasi is also home to the mausoleums of two Kuomintang leaders: the late president Chiang Kai-shek in nearby Cihu and his son Chiang Ching-kuo in Touliao.
- A-mu Ping
- Cihu Mausoleum
- Daxi Health Herb Garden
- Fujen Temple
- Hoping Old Street
- Jien's Archaic Mansion
- Kuanyin Temple at Lotus Seat Mountain
- Lee Teng-fang Archaic Mansion
- Mei-hwa Spinning Top Museum
- Presbyterian Church of Daxi
- Puzi Temple
- Saint Franciscan Catholic Church
- Taoliao Lake
- Wude Temple
- Ximen Reservoir
- Zaiming Temple
- Zhongshan Road
- Zhongzheng Park