Dayaram

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Dayaram (Gujarati:દયારામ) (1777–1853) was a Gujarati poet. He belongs to middle age or " Madhya-kal " in Gujarati literature. He was known for his literary form called " Garbi " in Gujarat.[1] He was a follower of Pushtimarg of Hindu religion. Dayaram, along with Narsinh Mehta and Meera, is considered as major contributor in Bhakti-kal in Gujarati literature.

Contribution[edit]

Dayaram was follower of "Nirgun bhakti sampraday" (pushti sampraday) in Gujarat. So he gave many Garbi describing Krishna as human-being.

Although Dayaram has written in prose a major chunk of his published work is in poetry. The total number of his creations is not known and is still under debate. There are various opinions of scholars. Kavi Narmad writes; with confirmation with Dayaram's chief disciple Ranchod, that the poet has written 38 Gujarati books and 37 Hindustani books, where as one other scholar states that the total number of books is 87, where as some others believe that the total number of the poet's creations is almost one and a half lakhs whereas some believe that he has written 48 books in Gujarati, 41 in 'Vraj' plus 7000 more in 'gujarati',12,000 in 'Vraj', 200 in Marathi, 24 in Punjabi, 15 in Sanskrit and 75 in Urdu.

Hence such wide writings are impossible to mention here, however they can be roughly divided into 14 parts.

  • 'Shikshatmak
  • Siddhantmak
  • Bhavatmak
  • Namatmak
  • Aakhyanatmak
  • Varnatmak
  • Shuddha Kavyatmak
  • Prameyatmak
  • Rahasyatmak
  • Prakeerna
  • Anuvaado
  • Gadya
  • Stotratmak
  • Lakshanatmak

Some of his most famous works are:

(A) Creations pertaining to Vallabh sampraday of Shrimad Vallabhacharya (known as Mahaprabhuji.)

  • Vallabh Parivar
  • Choryashi Vaishnav Nu Dhol
  • Bhaktiposhan
  • Rasik Vallabh
  • Saat Saiya (Hindi)

(B) Pouranik Aakhiyano

  • Aajamilaakhyan
  • Vakatraasurakhyan
  • Satyabhamaakhyan
  • Okha haran
  • Dashamheela
  • Raas Panchadhyayi

(C) Prakeernasarjan

  • Narsinh Mehta Ni Hundi
  • Shadarutuvarnan
  • Neetibhakti Na Pado

(D) Garbi Sangraha

  • Dayaram Raas-Sudha

Apart from the above below are a few more of his creations (These do not Include his Garba-Garbi)

  • Aakalcharitrachandrika
  • Anubhavmanjari
  • Aaparadhkshama Stotra
  • Aashbhapatrani No Vivah
  • Aashtottar Shaat Krushna Maala
  • Aloukik Nayak Nayika Bhed Prakran
  • Kamal Leela
  • KaalGnanSaransh
  • Kunwarbai Nu Mameru
  • Koutuk Ratnavalli
  • Krishna Virah Na baar Maas
  • KaaleshKuthar
  • GuruShishya Samvad
  • GuruSataKhyan
  • ChaaturchittaVilaas
  • ChintaChurnika
  • Chovees Aavtaar Nu Dhol
  • TatvaPrabandh
  • DharmaNeetisaar
  • NaagnaJeetiVivah
  • NaamPrabhavBatrishi
  • NissaDhanta
  • Patra Leela
  • Pingal Saar
  • PushtiPathRahasya
  • PushtiPaathSaarmanidam
  • PushtiRoopMaalika
  • Prabhandh
  • PrabodhBaavni
  • PrashnottarMalika
  • PrashnottarMala
  • Prashnottari
  • PremBhakti
  • PremraasGeeta
  • BaassoBaavan Vaishnav Nu Dhol
  • Baal Leela
  • BrahmanBhaktVeevad
  • BhaktaVel
  • BhaktiPoshan
  • BhaktiVeedhan
  • Bhagwad Geeta Mahatmaya
  • BhagwataNuKramanika
  • Maanprabodh No Kakko
  • MaanMatiSamvad
  • MeeraCharitra
  • MurliLeela
  • MurkhaLakshanaValli
  • RasikRanjan
  • Rasik Vallabh
  • Rasiyaji Na Maheena
  • RukmaniVivah
  • RukmaniSeemant
  • Roop Leela
  • VastuVrundDeepika
  • VinayBatrishi
  • VignaptiVilas
  • Vrutasur Nu Aakhyan
  • Vrundavan Vilas
  • Shree Krishna Akaal Charitra Chandrika
  • Shree Krishna Ashtottar Shaat Naam Chintamani
  • Shree Krishna Upreet
  • Shree Krishna Naam Chintamani
  • Shree Krishna Naam Chintamani Maala
  • Shree Krishna Naam Maahat Maya Manjari
  • Shree Krishna NaamAmrutDhara
  • Shree KrishnaNaamaMrutDhvani
  • Shree Krishna StavanChandrika
  • Shree Krishna StavanManjari
  • Shree Krishna Stavan Maadhuri
  • Shree Krishna StavanaMrut
  • Shree DushMaskandh Leela Nu Kramanika
  • Shree Purushottam Panchaang
  • ShreeMad Bhagwad Geeta
  • ShreeMad Bhagwad Geeta Mahatmaya
  • Shree Vishnu Swami Ni Parchari
  • Shree SheShshayee Nu Dhol
  • Shaad Rutuvarnan
  • Saat Saiya
  • SampradaySaar
  • SaarShiksha
  • SaaraVali
  • Siddhant Saar
  • Hanuman Garud Samvad
  • Haridas Mani Mala
  • Hari Heeradi SwarupTaarat Maya

Other activity[edit]

Dayaran was trained musician. He was expert in playing many musical instruments.

He also knew many Indian languages.

Further reading[edit]

  • Milestones in Gujarati Literature by K M Jhaveri.
  • Brahmbhatt, Prasad. (2003) Kavyasarita. (Literary Criticism of the evolution of Poetry). Ahmedabad: Parshwa Publication.
  • Dwyer, Rachel. (2000) The Poetics of Devotion: The Gujarati Lyrics of Dayaram. London: Routledge.
  • Trivedi, Ramesh. M. (1994) Arvachin Gujarati Sahityano Itihaas. (History of Modern Gujarati Literature). Ahmedabad: Adarsh Prakashan.
  • Trivedi, Ramesh. M. (2005) Gujarati Sahityano Itihaas. (History of Gujarati Literature). Ahmedabad: Adarsh Prakashan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rachel Dwyer (2001). The Poetics of Devotion: The Gujarati Lyrics of Dayaram. Psychology Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-7007-1233-5. 

External links[edit]