Daylesford, Victoria

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Daylesford
Victoria
Daylesfordsnow.jpg
Daylesford from Wombat Hill
Daylesford is located in Shire of Hepburn
Daylesford
Daylesford
Coordinates 37°21′0″S 144°09′0″E / 37.35000°S 144.15000°E / -37.35000; 144.15000Coordinates: 37°21′0″S 144°09′0″E / 37.35000°S 144.15000°E / -37.35000; 144.15000
Population 3,073 (2006)[1]
Established 1852
Postcode(s) 3460
Elevation 616 m (2,021 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Hepburn
State electorate(s) Ballarat East
Federal Division(s) Ballarat
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
15.5 °C
60 °F
7.0 °C
45 °F
870 mm
34.3 in

Daylesford is a town located in the Shire of Hepburn, Victoria, Australia. It is a former goldmining town about 115 kilometres north-west of Melbourne, in the foothills of the Great Dividing Range. At the 2006 census, Daylesford had a population of 3,073.[1]

The broader area around the town, including Hepburn Springs to the north, is known for its natural spring mineral spas and is the location of over 80 per cent of Australia's effervescent mineral water reserve.[2]

History[edit]

J. Tenseld, Main Street, Daylesford, 1862, State Library of Victoria

Prior to European settlement the area is thought to have been occupied by the Djadja Wurrung Aborigines. Pastoralists occupied the Jim Crow and Upper Loddon districts following white settlement in 1838. In 1848, Irish immigrant John Egan took up land on the future town site then known as Wombat Flat. He and a party of searchers found alluvial gold in 1851 on ground now covered by Lake Daylesford initiating the local gold rush. Other finds quickly followed. With the finding of alluvial gold a town site was surveyed and founded in 1852. Initially called Wombat, it was renamed Daylesford.[3]

In 1859 around 3400 diggers were on the local diggings. The post office opened on the 1st of February 1858 [4] and a telegraph office was opened in August 1859.[5] Daylesford was declared a municipality in 1859 and a borough in the early 1860s.[3]

By the 1860s the alluvial gold was exhausted and a shift to quartz reef mining began. This continued on and off into the 1930s. In later years Daylesford became associated as being a fashionable spa resort, but fell out of favour in the Great Depression. [3]

Climate[edit]

At 616 metres above sea level, it has a cooler, wetter climate than Melbourne. Summer (January–February) temperatures range from 10 to 37 °C (50 to 99 °F), while July temperatures are cold, ranging from about 1–2 °C (34–36 °F) to 9 °C (48 °F). Annual precipitation, occasionally falling as snow, averages about 870 mm (34 in) but has ranged from 445 mm (17.5 in) to over 1,350 mm (53 in).

Economy[edit]

Lake Daylesford

With 65 mineral springs, the Daylesford-Hepburn Springs region accounts for more than 80 per cent of Australia’s known mineral water springs.[6] As a result, the region has a number of spa developments including Hepburn Bathhouse & Spa, Mineral Spa at Peppers Springs Retreat and Salus Spa, Lake House. The town is also known for hosting a number of annual events including the Chillout Festival held during the Victorian Labour Day long weekend in March each year the largest gay and lesbian festival in rural and regional Australia, the Harvest Week Festival and the Lavandula's Festivals and the Hepburn Springs Swiss Italian Festival celebrating the town's Swiss-Italian heritage.[7]

Major industries in the economy of Daylesford today are healthcare, accommodation and food, and retail trade respectively.[8]

The historic Rex building has been converted into a shopping arcade with outlets selling food, gifts and even houses a cinema/theatre complex.

Education[edit]

Daylesford State School (b. 1875) post card

The town is served by Daylesford Secondary College. A primary school established in 1877, Daylesford Primary School, also exists.

Transport[edit]

The Midland Highway runs directly through the town linking it with Castlemaine in the north and Ballarat in the south-west. The Western Freeway is the main route linking Daylesford to the state capital.

The railway to the town closed in 1978.[9] The railway layout at Daylesford station was unusual in that the lines from Creswick and Carlsruhe both entered the station from the same end.[10] The Daylesford Spa Country Railway currently operates a Sunday tourist service to Musk and Bullarto along the line towards Carlsruhe.

Sport[edit]

The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Central Highlands Football League.[11] Daylesford is also home to the Daylesford and Hepburn United Soccer Club also known as the Saints or the Sainters. The Saints have won four league titles in their short 20 year history along with two cup finals.[12]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Daylesford (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  2. ^ http://www.tourism.vic.gov.au/images/stories/Victoria%20s%20Spa%20and%20Wellbeing%20Tourism%20Action%20Plan%202011%20-%202015%20final%20with%20cover.PDF
  3. ^ a b c http://www.daylesford-vic.info/daylesford-history.php?maxi
  4. ^ Freeman, Hugh H; GeoffT. White (2001). The Numeral Cancellations of Victoria. Melbourne: The Royal Philatelic Society of Victoria. ISBN 0-947345-16-7. 
  5. ^ Gibbs, Christine (1984). History of Postal Services in Victoria. Melbourne: Australia Post. 
  6. ^ "Victoria's Spa and Wellbeing Action Plan 2011". Tourism Victoria. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.daylesforddelights.com/daylesford-festivals.html
  8. ^ http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@nrp.nsf/Latestproducts/201021011Industry12007-2011?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=201021011&issue=2007-2011&num=&view=
  9. ^ Osborne, Murrell (1978). Timber, Spuds and Spa. Australian Railway Historical Society. ISBN 0-85849-023-4. 
  10. ^ http://www.signaldiagramsandphotos.com/My_Web_pages/VR/Northern_&_Midland/9'46.htm
  11. ^ Full Points Footy. "Daylesford". Retrieved 2008-07-25. [dead link]
  12. ^ http://www.daylesfordsoccerclub.com/

Daylesford Advocate, Mercury, Express, Mercury-Express. 1859-1870

External links[edit]

Media related to Daylesford, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons