Dayr Ayyub

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This article is about the former Palestinian village. For the Dair Ayyub in Hauran, see Al-Shaykh Saad.
Dayr Ayyub
Dayr Ayyub is located in Mandatory Palestine
Dayr Ayyub
Dayr Ayyub
Arabic دير أيوب
Name meaning the monastery of Job[1]
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°49′38″N 35°01′06.45″E / 31.82722°N 35.0184583°E / 31.82722; 35.0184583Coordinates: 31°49′38″N 35°01′06.45″E / 31.82722°N 35.0184583°E / 31.82722; 35.0184583
Palestine grid 151/137
Population 320[2] (1945)
Area 4,500[2] dunams
Date of depopulation April, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Canada Park

Dayr Ayyub (Arabic: دير أيوب ‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on March 6, 1948 by the Givati and Sheva' brigades of Operation Nachshon. It was located 17.5 km southeast of Ramla, situated close to Bab al-Wad. On attack, the village was defended by the Jordanian Army but was mostly destroyed with the exception of few houses and the village cemetery.

History[edit]

To the northwest of the village site is an area which, according to village belief, contained the tomb of the prophet Ayyub, the Biblical Job.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

A census by the Ottomans in 1596 registered the village as belonging to the nahiya (subdistrict) of Ramla, (liwa' (district) of Gaza), and with a recorded population of 94. The villagers paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and fruits, as well as on other types of produce and property, such as goats, beehives, and vineyards.[5]

Victor Guérin visited in 1863.[6]

Dayr Ayyub was located close to Bab al-Wad; here the shrine of Imam Ali, at Bab al-Wad, photographed about 1934-39

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Dayr Ayyub as being a small hamlet situated on a hillside.[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In 1945, the village had a population of 320. An elementary school was founded in 1947 in the village, and had an enrollment of 51 students.[4] In the 1944/45 growing season, a total of 2,769 dunums of village land was planted in cereals; 127 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, 10 of which were olive groves.[4][8]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

Dayr Ayyub was first attacked by the predecessors to the Israel Defense Forces on the 21 December 1947, by 25 men, according to the village mukhtar. Three houses in the village were bombed, but there were no reports of casualties.[9] On 7 February 1948, British troops moved into the village and demolished two houses. The Palestinian newspaper Filastin quoted a British communique which said that the houses had been used to fire on Jewish convoys driving by the village.[10]

During and following Operation Nachshon, the village changed hands several times; "The History oh the Haganah" indicates that the village was occupied three times in this period.[4]

Map of Dayr Ayyub, Imwas, Yalo, Bayt Nuba and the armistice lines

In 1949 Armistice Agreements with Jordan, Dayr Ayyub became a demilitarised zone in the Latrun no man's land.[11] However, the Israeli forces used force to prevent the Palestinian population from re-entering their own homes and claimed the territory following the war. Despite this being a demilitarized zone according to the 1949 agreements, on November 2, 1950, three Palestinian children were shot, two fatally by IDF troops near Dayr Ayyub in the Latrun salient. Ali Muhammad Ali Alyyan (12) his sister Fakhriyeh Muhammad Ali Alyyan (10) and their cousin Khadijeh Abd al Fattah Muhammad Ali (8) all from Yalo village, "The two children [Ali and Fakhriyeh] were stood in a wadi bed and the soldiers opened fire at them. According to both [adult] witnesses only one man fired at them with a sten-gun but none of the detachment attempted to interfere".[12]

The settlement of Mevo Choron, founded in 1970, is north of the village site; there are no Israeli settlement on village land.[4]

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, describing the village site in 1992, say that the eastern segment of the Canada Park lies on the village site.[4] He further describes the site: "[It] is strewn with debris, including parts of walls connected to iron rafters. The remains of houses can be seen on a high hill to the south, opposite the village. The cemetery, located on this hill, to the southeast, contains the remains of a tombstone with the inscription: "AI-Hajj Muhammad 'Ulayyan Taha, died on 14 Muharram 1355 Hijra." [Islamic calendar: equvivalent of 6 April 1936]." Large cypress, eucalyptus, carob, and fig trees dominate the site, mixed with recently planted firs. The valleys are used by Israelis for fig cultivation. A spring at the southeastern edge of the village site is surrounded by a cow pen, and the entire area is fenced in.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 293
  2. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xx, village #337. Also gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Khalidi, 1992, p.376
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 153. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 376
  6. ^ Guérin, 1868, p. 61
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 15; cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 376
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 114
  9. ^ New York Times, 22.12.1947; cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 376
  10. ^ Filastin, 08.02.1948; cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 376
  11. ^ Map of Palestine before al-Nakba and 1949 Armistice Agreements with Jordan
  12. ^ Morris, 1993, p. 181

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]