Dayshum

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Dayshum
Dayshum is located in Mandatory Palestine
Dayshum
Dayshum
Arabic ديشوم
Name meaning personal name[1]
Also spelled Dayshum, Deishum
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°04′48.96″N 35°30′25.51″E / 33.0802667°N 35.5070861°E / 33.0802667; 35.5070861Coordinates: 33°04′48.96″N 35°30′25.51″E / 33.0802667°N 35.5070861°E / 33.0802667; 35.5070861
Population 590[2] (1945)
Area 23,044[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 30 October 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Dishon[4]

Dayshum (Arabic: ديشوم‎) was a Palestinian village, depopulated in 30 October 1948 by the Sheva Brigade of Israeli paramilitary force Palmach in an offensive called Operation Hiram, where the village has been completely destroyed, and only house rubble left behind. The village was located 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) north of Safed, 600 meters (2,000 ft) above sea level.

History[edit]

In 1517, Dayshum was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire after it was captured from the Mamluks, and by 1596, it was a village under the administration of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jira (liwa’ of Safad) with a population of fifty. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, olives, and fruits, as well as on other types of produce and property, such as goats, beehives, and a press that was used for processing either olives or grapes.[5]

Some of the villagers were descendants of Algerian immigrants who had fought with Abd al-Qadir al-Jaza'iri against the French colonialists in the 1830s and 1840s. These people may have come with him to the region following his defeat and banishment to Damascus in 1847. As some of their ancestors had been horsemen in Algeria, the villagers of Dayshum took a keen interest in raising horses.[6]

In the late nineteenth century, Dayshum was described as a “well-built” village with about 400 residents. The village houses were situated on the side of a steep hill near the bottom of a valley and had gabled roofs. The village had three mills and several small gardens.[7]

In 1921, inspectors from the British Mandatory Department noted a Maqam north-east of the village site, dedicated to a Sheikh Haniyya.[8] In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Daishum had a population of 479, all Muslim,[9] decreasing slightly in the 1931 census of Palestine to 438, still all Muslim, in 102 inhabited houses.[10] In 1944/45 a total of 4,701 dunums of village land was allocated to cereals and 611 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 71
  2. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.69
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xvi, village #32. Also gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xxii settlement #131. Settlement date uncertain, according to Morris, but possibly 1949 (re-established 1953)
  5. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 177. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 445
  6. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 445
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener: SWP I, 1881, p.201, Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 445-446
  8. ^ Sharon, 2004, p. 135
  9. ^ J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41. 
  10. ^ Mills,1932, p. 106
  11. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.118
  12. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 446

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]