|Joel Palmer House|
|• Mayor||Jolie White|
|• Total||0.84 sq mi (2.18 km2)|
|• Land||0.84 sq mi (2.18 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||280 ft (85.3 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,548|
|• Density||3,016.7/sq mi (1,164.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1166639|
The city was founded in 1850 by Andrew Smith and Joel Palmer. Palmer, who also served as superintendent of Indian affairs for Oregon, built a flour mill there. Dayton was named for Smith's hometown, Dayton, Ohio. Dayton post office was opened in 1851, with Christopher Taylor serving as postmaster.
There are many historic landmarks throughout the city. The oldest standing structure is the Joel Palmer House, built in 1852 or 1857. It has been on the National Register of Historic Places since March 16, 1987, and has been painstakingly restored. Since 1996 it has been home to a four-star restaurant of the same name as the historic house.
Nearby, in Courthouse Square Park, is the Fort Yamhill Block House, which was brought to Dayton in 1911 to prevent its demolition. The structure had been built by Willamette Valley settlers on Fort Hill in the Grand Ronde Valley in 1855 and 1856. John G. Lewis, a citizen of Dayton, secured permission from authorities to move the logs to Dayton, where they were reassembled.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,534 people, 797 households, and 624 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,016.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,164.8 /km2). There were 843 housing units at an average density of 1,003.6 per square mile (387.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.2% White, 0.5% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 14.7% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.9% of the population.
There were 797 households of which 48.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.7% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.52.
The median age in the city was 32.8 years. 32.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.6% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,119 people, 641 households, and 516 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,935.4 people per square mile (1,136.3/km²). There were 656 housing units at an average density of 908.7 per square mile (351.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.70% White, 1.56% African American, 1.18% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 11.80% from other races, and 4.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.19% of the population.
There were 641 households out of which 49.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.31 and the average family size was 3.66.
In the city the population was spread out with 36.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,556, and the median income for a family was $43,047. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,140. About 11.7% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.
Dayton is rural community with many people involved in agriculture, including nursery stock and wine vineyards, as well as vegetable, berry, nut, and wheat production and dairy farming.
Sometime in the late 19th century to early 20th century, land was donated for building a city hall and library by a community member named Mary Gilkey. The current city hall and library used to be a firehouse. The library is part of the Chemeketa Cooperative Regional Library Service.
- Dante Rosario, NFL football player, Dallas Cowboys
- Dewey Sullivan, Dayton High School Coach, Oregon Sports Hall Of Fame Inductee
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 209–210. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956.
- Dayton School District
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2007)|
- Entry for Dayton in the Oregon Blue Book
- Mary Gilkey Dayton Public Library
- Dayton community website
- Brookside Cemetery in Findagrave