|• Mayor||Yoshirō Satō|
|• Total||29.58 km2 (11.42 sq mi)|
|Population (May 31, 2011)|
|• Density||2,386.31/km2 (6,180.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Ume blossom|
|Address||1-1-1 Kanzeon-ji, Dazaifu-shi, Fukuoka-ken
Dazaifu (太宰府市 Dazaifu-shi ) is a city located in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Nearby cities include Ōnojō and Chikushino. Although mostly urban, it does have arable land used for paddy fields and market gardening.
The city was officially founded on April 1, 1982, although it has been important historically for around a thousand years.
Dazaifu was the imperial office governing Kyūshū (corresponding to Tagajō in Tōhoku) after it was moved from present-day Fukuoka City in 663. Dazaifu hosted foreign embassies from China and Korea. Kōrokan, a guesthouse for foreign embassies, was also established. From the Nara period through the Heian period and until the Kamakura period, Dazaifu was one of the military and administrative centers of Japan. In the Heian period, Dazaifu was a place of exile for high-ranking courtiers. Nobles exiled there include Sugawara no Michizane His grave is at Dazaifu Tenman-gū.
Dazaifu was sometimes attacked by rebels. At other times the head of Dazaifu himself raised a rebellion.[chronology citation needed]
The Kyushu National Museum opened on October 16, 2005. A wood and glass building in a hilly landscape, it hosts collections of Japanese artifacts related to the history of Kyūshū.
Kōmyōzen-ji is a Zen temple famous for its stone garden. It was built during the Kamakura period just next to Dazaifu Tenman-gū. All three are within walking distance of Nishitetsu Dazaifu Station. Another temple, Kanzeon-ji, was built in the 8th century. It was once the chief Buddhist temple on Kyūshū and houses a number of historical, artistic, and religious treasures.
The ruins of the medieval Dazaifu Administrative Buildings, also located within walking distance of Dazaifu Station, are today a public park.
There are several universities in the city:
- Chikushi Jogakuen University
- Fukuoka International University
- Fukuoka University of Economics
- Fukuoka Social Medical Welfare University
Area primary and secondary schools are administered by the Dazaifu Board of Education.
- Dazaifu Minami Elementary School
- Dazaifu Higashi Elementary School
- Dazaifu Nishi Elementary School
- Dazaifu Elementary School
- Mizuki Nishi Elementary School
- Mizuki Elementary School
- Kokubu Elementary School
- Gakugyouin Junior High School
- Dazaifu Higashi Junior High School
- Dazaifu Nishi Junior High School
- Dazaifu Junior High School
- Dazaifu Senior High School
- Chikushidai High School
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Media related to Dazaifu, Fukuoka at Wikimedia Commons
- Dazaifu City official website (Japanese)
- Dazaifu page of official Fukuoka Prefecture Tourism Association website
- Kyushu National Museum official web site