Dazzy Vance

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Dazzy Vance
Dazzy Vance 1922.jpeg
Pitcher
Born: (1891-03-04)March 4, 1891
Orient, Iowa
Died: February 16, 1961(1961-02-16) (aged 69)
Homosassa Springs, Florida
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 16, 1915 for the Pittsburgh Pirates
Last MLB appearance
August 14, 1935 for the Brooklyn Dodgers
Career statistics
Win–loss record 197–140
Earned run average 3.24
Strikeouts 2,045
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Induction 1955
Vote 81.7% (twelfth ballot)

Charles Arthur "Dazzy" Vance (March 4, 1891 – February 16, 1961) was an American professional baseball player.[1] He played as a pitcher in Major League Baseball, most notably for the Brooklyn Robins during the 1920s. Known for his impressive fastball, Vance was the only pitcher to lead the National League in strikeouts seven consecutive seasons.[2] He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955.[2]

Biography[edit]

Born in Orient, Iowa, Vance played in minor league baseball for a decade before establishing himself as a major league player.[3] His contract was purchased by the Brooklyn Robins from the New Orleans Pelicans in 1922.[4] The Robins wanted to acquire catcher Hank DeBerry, but the Pelicans refused to complete the deal unless Vance was included in the transaction.[3][4] DeBerry would become Vance's personal catcher during his tenure with Brooklyn.[5] In 1922, he produced an 18–12 won-loss record with a 3.70 earned run average and a league-leading 134 strikeouts.[1] His best individual season came in 1924, when he led the National League in wins (28), strikeouts (262) and ERA (2.16) (see Triple crown) en route to winning the National League Most Valuable Player Award.[1] He set the then-National League record for strikeouts in a nine-inning game when he fanned 15 Chicago Cubs in a game on August 23, 1924.[6] (He struck-out 17 batters in a 10-inning game in 1925.)

On September 24, 1924, Vance struck out three batters on nine pitches in the second inning of a 6–5 win over the Chicago Cubs. Vance became the fifth National League pitcher and the seventh pitcher in Major League history to accomplish the nine-strike/three-strikeout half-inning. He finished the season with 262 strikeouts, more than any two National League pitchers combined (Burleigh Grimes with 135 and Dolf Luque with 86 were second and third respectively). That season, Vance had one out of every 13 strikeouts in the entire National League.

Vance's play began to decline in the early 1930s, and after bouncing to the St. Louis Cardinals (becoming a member of the team known as the Gashouse Gang), Cincinnati Reds and back to the Dodgers, he retired after the 1935 season. Vance led the league in ERA three times, wins twice, and established a National League record by leading the league in strikeouts in seven consecutive years (1922–1928). He retired with a 197–140 record, 2045 strikeouts and a 3.24 ERA – remarkable numbers considering he only saw 33 innings of big league play during his twenties.

Dazzy Vance duck hunting in Crystal River, Florida, January 1952

Vance was also involved in one of the most famous flubs in baseball history, the "three men on third" incident during the 1926 season. With Vance on second and Chick Fewster on first, Babe Herman hit a long ball and began racing around the bases. As Herman rounded second, the third base coach yelled at him to go back, since Fewster had not yet passed third. Vance, having rounded third, misunderstood and reversed course, returning to third. Fewster arrived at third. Herman ignored the instruction and also arrived at third. The third baseman tagged out Herman and Fewster; Vance was declared safe by rule.[7]

Vance pitched a no-hitter in 1925.

He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955. In 1981, Lawrence Ritter and Donald Honig included him in their book The 100 Greatest Baseball Players of All Time. Vance is mentioned in the poem "Line-Up for Yesterday" by Ogden Nash:

Line-Up for Yesterday

V is for Vance,
The Dodgers' own Dazzy;
None of his rivals
Could throw as fast as he.

Ogden Nash, Sport magazine (January 1949)[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Dazzy Vance statistics". Baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Dazzy Vance at the Baseball Hall of Fame". baseballhall.org. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Faber, Charles. "The Baseball Biography Project: Dazzy Vance". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Hall Of Fame Choices". The Pittsburgh Press. 27 January 1955. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Hank DeBerry Wonders If We've Forgotten Dazzy". The Toledo News-Bee. 6 March 1934. p. 10. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "Dazzy Vance Fans 15 Chicago Batters for Season's Record". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Hinckley, David (March 28, 2003). "BASE LOADED Three Men on Third, 1926 chapter 29". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Baseball Almanac". Retrieved 2008-01-23. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Dutch Ruether
Brooklyn Robins Opening Day
Starting pitcher

1925
Succeeded by
Jesse Petty
Preceded by
Pete Alexander
National League Pitching Triple Crown
1924
Succeeded by
Bucky Walters
Preceded by
Jesse Haines
No-hitter pitcher
September 13, 1925
Succeeded by
Ted Lyons