DeKalb Avenue (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)

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This article is about the New York City Subway station at DeKalb and Flatbush Avenues. For the station at DeKalb and Wyckoff Avenues, see DeKalb Avenue (BMT Canarsie Line). For the street itself, see DeKalb Avenue.
DeKalb Avenue
NYCS B NYCS D NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R
New York City Subway rapid transit station
DeKalb Avenue (BMT Fourth Avenue Line) by David Shankbone.jpg
A Coney Island-bound NYCS D train of R68 cars sits at DeKalb Avenue
Station statistics
Address DeKalb Avenue & Flatbush Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11201
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Downtown Brooklyn
Coordinates 40°41′25″N 73°58′56″W / 40.690254°N 73.982277°W / 40.690254; -73.982277Coordinates: 40°41′25″N 73°58′56″W / 40.690254°N 73.982277°W / 40.690254; -73.982277
Division B (BMT)
Line BMT Brighton Line
BMT Fourth Avenue Line
Services       B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      D late nights (late nights)
      N late nights (late nights)
      Q all times (all times)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
Connection
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 6
Other information
Opened June 19, 1915; 99 years ago (1915-06-19) (Fourth Avenue)
August 1, 1920; 93 years ago (1920-08-01) (Brighton)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 5,223,608[1] Steady 0%
Rank 85 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Canal Street (Broadway via Bridge): N late nights only Q all times R weekends except late nights
Jay Street – MetroTech (Broadway via Tunnel): R weekdays except late nights
Grand Street (Sixth Avenue via Bridge): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D late nights
Myrtle Avenue (via Bridge, closed)
Next south Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Brighton): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Fourth Avenue): D late nights N late nights R all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 14th Street – Union Square (Broadway via Bridge): N late nights only Q all times R weekends except late nights
Jay Street – MetroTech (Broadway via Tunnel): R weekdays except late nights
Broadway – Lafayette Street (Sixth Avenue via Bridge): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Brighton): B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Fourth Avenue): D late nights N late nights R all except late nights

DeKalb Avenue is a local station shared by the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of DeKalb and Flatbush Avenues in Brooklyn. It is served by the Q train at all times, the R train at all times except late nights, the B train on weekdays and the D and N trains during late nights.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
to Exits
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at SE corner of DeKalb Avenue and Flatbush Avenue Ext)
P
Platform level
Northbound local via Bridge NYCS B toward Bedford Park Boulevard (rush hours) or 145th Street (other times) (Grand Street)
NYCS D toward Norwood – 205th Street (late nights) (Grand Street)
NYCS Q toward Ditmars Boulevard (weekdays; NYCS N toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights) or 57th Street – Seventh Avenue (weekends) (Canal Street)
NYCS R toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (weekends) (Canal Street)
(No service: Myrtle Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local via Tunnel NYCS R toward Court Street (weekdays) (Jay Street – MetroTech)
Northbound express via Bridge NYCS D NYCS N do not stop here
Southbound express from Bridge NYCS D NYCS N do not stop here →
Southbound local from Tunnel NYCS R toward Bay Ridge – 95th Street (weekdays) (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Fourth Avenue))
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local from Bridge NYCS B toward Brighton Beach (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Brighton))
NYCS Q toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Brighton))
NYCS R toward Bay Ridge – 95th Street (weekends) (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Fourth Avenue))
NYCS D NYCS N toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (late nights) (Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center (Fourth Avenue))
HEET turnstiles

This underground station, opened on June 19, 1915 and completed on August 1, 1920, has six tracks with island platforms between the two outer pairs of tracks. The two center tracks bypass the station and are used by D and N trains during daytime hours. B, Q, late night D and N, and weekend R trains stop at the outermost tracks. Weekday R trains stop at the inner platform tracks. The platform columns are painted red on their lower halves and cream on their upper halves.

North of the station, the outer and bypass tracks head towards the Manhattan Bridge to Manhattan with a flying junction. B and D trains use the north side of the bridge via the Chrystie Street Connection to the IND Sixth Avenue Line. N, Q and weekend R trains, use the south side of the bridge to the BMT Broadway Line. Weekday R trains continue on the middle tracks north along the BMT Fourth Avenue Line to Court Street.

South of the station, the bypass tracks become the express tracks on the Fourth Avenue Line (daytime D and N trains). The four remaining tracks become six tracks at a flying junction.[2] Trains headed south on the tunnel tracks or outer tracks proceed to the BMT Brighton Line (B and Q trains) or switch from those two tracks and provide the route to the local tracks of the Fourth Avenue Line (R and late night D and N trains). In the current service pattern, the tunnel route is not used for Brighton Line trains.

Since it opened, DeKalb Avenue has been called "the heart of the BMT", and a major transfer point between BMT services, with the lines splitting north and south of the station. Platform extensions were built into a curve south of the station in 1927 to allow for longer trains. They were closed and replaced by straight extensions to the north in 1960. The abandoned portions can be seen from the open platforms and trains.

The station has a shortened mezzanine because room was needed for a proposed Lafayette Avenue line. The subway connection was never built. North of this station, near the Manhattan Bridge, there is a provision for a never-built loop back to southern Brooklyn without crossing the Manhattan Bridge into Manhattan. Bellmouths for the unbuilt loop are visible from passing trains. South of this station, a junction was built at Fulton Street for a never-built branch to run via Lafayette Avenue and Broadway.

Service patterns[edit]

Jay Street – MetroTech
(BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Canal Street
(BMT Broadway Line)
Grand Street
(IND Sixth Avenue Line)
North-west of the station
BMT Fourth Avenue Line local
      R weekdays except late nights (weekdays except late nights)
BMT Broadway Line
      N all times (all times)
      Q all times (all times)
      R weekends except late nights (weekends except late nights)
IND Sixth Avenue Line express
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      D all times (all times)
tunnel tracks Manhattan Bridge south Manhattan Bridge north
In the station
inner platform tracks (tunnel)
      R weekdays except late nights (weekdays except late nights)
center tracks (bridge, bypass)
      D all except late nights (all except late nights)
      N all except late nights (all except late nights)
outermost tracks (bridge)
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      D late nights (late nights)
      N late nights (late nights)
      Q all times (all times)
      R weekends except late nights (weekends except late nights)
South of the station
BMT Fourth Avenue Line local
      D late nights (late nights)
      N late nights (late nights)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
BMT Fourth Avenue Line express
      D all except late nights (all except late nights)
      N all except late nights (all except late nights)
BMT Brighton Line
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      Q all times (all times)
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center
(BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center
(BMT Brighton Line)

Exits[edit]

This station has two entrances/exits. The full-time one is near the extreme south end and has two staircases and one elevator from each platform that go up to a waiting area above the platforms and tracks that contains two restrooms open from 5:00 a.m. to midnight. Outside of the turnstile bank is a token booth, a single street stair to the southwest corner of DeKalb Avenue and the Flatbush Avenue extension built inside a store front, and two staircases that meet at their landings and an elevator that go up to the southeast corner outside an Applebee's restaurant.

The other entrance/exit is at the station's extreme north end and unstaffed. An up-only escalator and long staircase from each platform goes up to a mezzanine above the tracks. Two pairs of exit-only turnstiles and one set of three HEET turnstiles provide entrance/exit from the system. This entrance has two street stairs, one to Albee Square on the west side of Flatbush Avenue and the other to Fleet Street on the east side outside Long Island University.

The center of the platforms has a crossunder that connects them both. Both fare control areas feature a 2005 artwork called DeKalb Improvisation by Stephen Johnson. It consists of a large mural in the main fare control area and several smaller ones in the secondary one.

History[edit]

The station has been reconfigured a number of times. The current configuration dates from a 1956–61 reconstruction project to straighten the platforms and eliminate a level junction north of the station that had caused a switching bottleneck. A station at Myrtle Avenue was closed as part of the renovation.

As originally configured, the extreme outside tracks in each direction hosted the Fourth Avenue Line local tracks and the next pair hosted the Brighton Line. The middle tracks, which bypassed the station, hosted the Fourth Avenue express tracks. A group of level crossovers at the northern end of the station allowed all tracks access to both sides of the Manhattan Bridge and to the Montague Street Tunnel.

Prior to the DeKalb Avenue track realignments in the late 1950s/early 1960s, the Fourth Avenue local tracks actually straight railed to the Manhattan Bridge. The alignment of the Brighton line tracks led into the present B2 tunnel track in the DeKalb Avenue station and the bypass. During the reconstruction, the Brighton tracks to the bypass were realigned directly into DeKalb and current A3 and A4 bridge tracks were added to the outside of the former subway infrastructure. A diamond crossover north of the station had caused frequent bottlenecks, but was removed during the realignment and replaced with two flying junctions. The current configuration was started in 1956 and completed in April 1961.[2] All switches immediately north of the station were eliminated. The junction towards the Manhattan Bridge was rebuilt. To make room for a new flying junction, the Myrtle Avenue station was closed. That station's northbound platform remains visible from passing trains, but the southbound platform was demolished. Platforms were also doubled in length to accommodate ten-car trains of 60-foot-long (18 m) cars.[3]

The Chrystie Street Connection project was also tied to this improvement, as it resulted in more trains using the bridge. Over the years, as more of the business community shifted to midtown, the slower tunnel route became less popular, and it is now the least used of the three northbound routing options.

An earlier plan called the Ashland Place Connection would have allowed trains on the elevated BMT Fulton Street Line to run into the subway through DeKalb Avenue, making the bottleneck even worse. This was not built, in part because the city was more interested in building its own system, the IND.[4] However, a whole new subway was also planned, splitting from this line and heading under the East River to the BMT Broadway Line at City Hall. This plan was considered in various forms between late 1916 and 1926.

Street stair

The DeKalb Avenue station was built with provisions for a possible track connection to Nevins Street (IRT Eastern Parkway Line); see that page for details.

Station ID mosaic

Station overhaul[edit]

After the 1961 reconstruction period, some adjustments were made to the station. In the late 1960s, the station platforms were extended northward at least 150 feet to accommodate for a 600 foot long train. It also added new 60's modern look tiling.

DeKalb Avenue received another overhaul in the 1970s where the station's structure and over all appearance were improved. The MTA fixed and replaced wall tiles, old signs, and incandescent lighting to the 70's modern look wall tiles, signs and fluorescent lights. Staircases and platform edges were also fixed.

The latest major overhaul was in 2004–2006. The station was repaired as well as upgraded for ADA-accessibility. The MTA repaired the staircases, re-tiled the walls, added new tiles to the floors, upgraded the station's lights and public address system, installed ADA yellow safety threads along the platform edge and replaced the trackbeds for all trains entering or bypassing the station. It also installed elevators on both platforms, as well as elevators to the street level.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  2. ^ a b Detailed view of current track layout.
  3. ^ DeKalb Av Escalators
  4. ^ nycsubway.org
  5. ^ MTA (February 2004). "MTA Capital Program Information" (PDF). p. 16. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • "Better Fulton St. Transit", New York Times December 30, 1916; page 10 (the first mention of the Ashland Place Connection in the New York Times)
  • "Plans New Transit Tube to Brooklyn", New York Times December 7, 1919; page E1
  • "Wants Subway Pushed", New York Times December 20, 1926; page 16 (the last mention of the Ashland Place Connection in the New York Times)
  • "Construction of New IND Tunnel for 6th Ave. Line Begins Today", New York Times April 19, 1961; page 41

External links[edit]

Media related to DeKalb Avenue (BMT Fourth Avenue Line) at Wikimedia Commons