DeKalb County, Illinois
|DeKalb County, Illinois|
DeKalb County's Legislative Center
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 4, 1837|
|Named for||Johann de Kalb|
|• Total||635 sq mi (1,645 km2)|
|• Land||631 sq mi (1,634 km2)|
|• Water||3.4 sq mi (9 km2), 0.5%|
|• Density||167/sq mi (64/km²)|
|Congressional districts||14th, 16th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
DeKalb County was formed on March 4, 1837, out of Kane County, Illinois. The County was named in honor of Johann de Kalb, a German (Bavarian) hero of the American Revolutionary War. DeKalb County is approximately 632.7 square miles, located 63 miles west of Chicago. There are 19 townships in the county with the county seat at Sycamore.
Between 1834 and 1837, early white men began to settle in DeKalb County along the streams and wooded areas because of the fertile soil, wild game, and food and water opportunities. Major growth stemmed from the introduction of the railroad which brought easier methods of transportation and opportunities for industrial growth. Some of the notable industries based in DeKalb County were: Sandwich Manufacturing Company, Marsh Harvester Company, Barbed Wire, Gurler Brothers Pure Milk and many more.
The county has always been noted for agriculture. In 1852, the first Agricultural Fair was held in Sycamore, under the supervision of the DeKalb Agricultural Society. Eventually farmers, businessmen, bankers and newspapermen organized to become the DeKalb County Soil Improvement Association. In later years the DeKalb County Soil Improvement Association would split into two and become DeKalb County Farm Bureau and DeKalb Agricultural Association (DEKALB AgResearch, Inc., Monsanto). DeKalb County is credited with being the birthplace of the Farm Bureau movement.
Education has played an important role in the area with Northern Illinois University located in DeKalb and Kishwaukee Community College located in Malta. A major fair has been held each year since 1887 at the Sandwich Fairgrounds in Sandwich.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Sycamore have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.40 inches (36 mm) in February to 4.49 inches (114 mm) in June.
- Interstate 88
- US Route 30
- US Route 34
- Illinois Route 23
- Illinois Route 38
- Illinois Route 64
- Illinois Route 72
As of the census of 2000, there were 88,969 people, 31,674 households, and 19,954 families residing in the county. The population density was 140 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 32,988 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.46% White, 4.59% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.74% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. 6.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.6% were of German, 10.8% Irish, 7.2% English, 5.9% American and 5.0% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. 90.8% spoke English and 5.7% Spanish as their first language.
There were 31,674 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 22.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,828, and the median income for a family was $58,194. Males had a median income of $41,111 versus $26,690 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,462. About 5.10% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.
DeKalb County is divided into nineteen townships:
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Illinois Regional Archives Depository System. "Name Index to Illinois Local Governments". Illinois State Archives. Illinois Secretary of State. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 103.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Sycamore, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8.
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: DeKalb County, Illinois
- United States National Atlas
- Eric W. Mogren. Native Soil: A History of the DeKalb County Farm Bureau (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005), 288 pp.
- Official website
- History pages for DeKalb County towns and cities
- De Kalb County at DMOZ
- DeKalb County Youth Service Bureau
- Taming the Wild Prairie: A History of DeKalb County, Illinois, 1837-1900, Illinois Historical Digitization Projects at Northern Illinois University Libraries
- DeKalb County Online Newspaper
||Winnebago County||Boone County||McHenry County|
|Lee County and Ogle County||Kane County|
|LaSalle County||Kendall County|