De Barsy syndrome

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De Barsy syndrome
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 none
ICD-9 none
DiseasesDB 33717
MeSH C535990

De Barsy syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder. Symptoms include cutis laxa (loose hanging skin) as well as other eye, musculoskeletal, and neurological abnormalities.[1] It is usually progressive, manifesting side effects that can include clouded corneas, cataracts, short stature, dystonia, or progeria (premature aging).[2]

It was first described in 1967 by De Barsy et al. and, as of 2011, there have been 27 cases reported worldwide.[3] The genes that cause De Barsy syndrome have not been identified yet,[2] although several studies have narrowed down the symptoms' cause.[4] A study by Reversade et al. has shown that a mutation in PYCR1, the genetic sequence that codes for mitochondrial enzymes that break down proline, are prevalent in cases of autosomal recessive cutis laxa (ARCL), a condition very similar to De Barsy syndrome.[5] A study by Leao-Teles et al. has shown that De Barsy syndrome may be related to mutations in ATP6V0A2 gene, known as ATP6V0A2-CDG by the new naming system.[4]

Alternative names for De Barsy syndrome include corneal clouding-cutis laxa-mental retardation, cutis laxa-growth deficiency syndrome, De Barsy–Moens–Diercks syndrome, and progeroid syndrome of De Barsy.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "De Barsy Syndrome". Cigna. Retrieved 2011-08-14. 
  2. ^ a b Morava, Éva; Guillard, Maïlys; Lefeber, Dirk J; Wevers, Ron A (2009). "Autosomal recessive cutis laxa syndrome revisited". European Journal of Human Genetics 17 (9): 1099–110. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2009.22. PMC 2986595. PMID 19401719. 
  3. ^ Kivuva, Emma C.; Parker, Michael J.; Cohen, Marta C.; Wagner, Bart E.; Sobey, Glenda (2008). "De Barsy syndrome: A review of the phenotype". Clinical Dysmorphology 17 (2): 99–107. doi:10.1097/MCD.0b013e3282f4a964. PMID 18388779. 
  4. ^ a b Leao-Teles, Elisa; Quelhas, Dulce; Vilarinho, Laura; Jaeken, Jaak (2009). "De Barsy syndrome and ATP6V0A2-CDG". European Journal of Human Genetics 18 (5): 526. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2009.218. PMC 2987315. PMID 20010974. 
  5. ^ Reversade, Bruno; Escande-Beillard, Nathalie; Dimopoulou, Aikaterini; Fischer, Björn; Chng, Serene C; Li, Yun; Shboul, Mohammad; Tham, Puay-Yoke et al. (2009). "Mutations in PYCR1 cause cutis laxa with progeroid features". Nature Genetics 41 (9): 1016–21. doi:10.1038/ng.413. PMID 19648921. 

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