De Beauvoir Town

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De Beauvoir Town
De beauvoir square1.jpg
The distinctive Jacobean style gables and mullioned windows of houses in De Beauvoir Square
De Beauvoir Town is located in Greater London
De Beauvoir Town
De Beauvoir Town
 De Beauvoir Town shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ332842
   – Charing Cross 3.8 mi (6.1 km)  SW
London borough Hackney
Islington
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N1
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Islington South and Finsbury
London Assembly North East
North East
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°32′38″N 0°04′50″W / 51.543781°N 0.080577°W / 51.543781; -0.080577

De Beauvoir Town (/də ˈbvər/ or /ˌd bˈvwɑr/) is a district of the London Borough of Hackney that partly falls within the London Borough of Islington. Its borders are Kingsland Road in the east, Southgate Road to the west, the Regent's Canal in the south and Ball's Pond Road to the north.

It shares the northern London postal district of N1 with neighbouring Islington, Barnsbury, Canonbury and Hoxton.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

Until 1820 the area now covered by De Beauvoir Town was open country with a few grand houses. In 1821, stimulated by the opening of the Regent's Canal the previous year, developer and brick maker William Rhodes (1774-1843), a grandfather of Cecil Rhodes,[1] secured a lease for 150 acres (0.61 km2) of land from Peter de Beauvoir.[2] Rhodes planned to build residences for the upper classes in a grid pattern, with four squares on diagonal streets intersecting at an octagon. However, work stopped in 1823 when Rhodes was found to have obtained his lease unfairly and after a court case spanning over 20 years the land reverted to the de Beauvoir family in 1834.[3]

The delay in building had meant that Rhodes' clientele had since moved on to the new suburbs of the West End. The scheme was scaled down and of the planned squares only the southeastern was built, as De Beauvoir Square, although the diagonals partly survived in Enfield Road, Stamford Road and Ardleigh Road. Occupied in the 1840s by the newly emerging middle classes, the estate was almost wholly residential except around Kingsland Basin and the south-west corner where a factory was leased from 1823.[3]

20th Century[edit]

De Beauvoir Estate, completed in 1971[4]

In 1937, due to its easy access to Kingsland Basin, the southeast corner between Downham Road and Hertford Road was re-zoned for industrial use. Soon after all the area south of Downham Road was included. This distinguished it from the north side of Downham Road, which was already zoned for business and acted as a buffer for the mainly residential streets beyond. In 1938 De Beauvoir Crescent was suggested as another business zone to protect housing to the north.

In the early 1960s the northern part of De Beauvoir Town between Buckingham Road and Tottenham Road was rebuilt as the Metropolitan Borough of Hackney's Kingsgate estate. In the late 1960s a larger area west of the canal basin, which contained many small factories, made way for the De Beauvoir Estate. The east side of De Beauvoir Square was also rebuilt as the Lockner Road estate.

In 1968 the De Beauvoir Town association was formed. The rest of the square with the area bounded by Englefield Road, Northchurch Road, Southgate Road, Hertford Road, and Stamford Road became a conservation area in 1969. This area was later extended to cover most of De Beauvoir Town; the eastern edge, however, is in the Kingsland conservation area.

Notable residents[edit]

Edmund Gosse, the poet, the son of naturalist Philip Henry Gosse, lived in the area.

De Beauvoir Town was home to William Lyttle (1931–2010), a retired electrical engineer known as the Mole Man of Hackney, who dug a series of tunnels under his 20-room property on the corner of Mortimer Road and Stamford Road. In 2001, his tunnelling caused an 8 ft (2.4 m) hole to appear in the pavement on Stamford Road. Reports that the tunnelling had started again in 2006 were confirmed when Hackney Council found a network of tunnels and caverns, some 8 m (26 ft) deep, spreading up to 20m in every direction from his house.

In August 2006, the council obtained a court order banning Lyttle from his property. He died in 2010 and the fate of the house, by now derelict and needing a new roof, was thought to be uncertain.[5][6][7] On 19 July 2012 the house was sold at auction for £1.12 million.[8] As of summer 2013, the roofless property on its triangular site was supported by scaffolding and surrounded by a tall corrugated-iron fence.

Another notable resident was the architect Graham Parsey, who from the late 1960s with the formation of the DBA (De Beauvoir Association) worked to make the area a GIA (General Improvement Area) and therefore saved it from demolition initially and helped to protect its conserved status.

Elected representatives[edit]

The local MP is Meg Hillier. Local councillors for De Beauvoir ward are Rob Chapman, Tom Ebbutt and Gulay Icoz.

Education[edit]

For details of education in De Beauvoir Town, see List of schools in the London Borough of Hackney.
For details of education in De Beauvoir Town, see List of schools in the London Borough of Islington.

Transport and locale[edit]

Districts within the London Borough of Hackney
Nearest Railway Stations
Nearest London Underground Stations
Nearby Bus Routes

The area is well served by buses.

Walking and cycling[edit]

The Regents Canal towpath is easily accessible to pedestrians and cyclists. Travelling east, provides access to Victoria Park, and to the west, Islington.

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Rhodes' eldest son, Rev. Francis William Rhodes (1807-1878), was the father of Cecil
  2. ^ http://www.hackney.gov.uk/Assets/Documents/ep-de-beauvoir-appraisal.pdf, (De Beauvoir Conservation Area Extension, Conservation Area Appraisa, London Borough of Hackney, 1998)
  3. ^ a b Hackney: De Beauvoir Town, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 10: Hackney (1995), pp. 33-35 accessed: 07 March 2009
  4. ^ De Beauvoir Estate at Emporis
  5. ^ After 40 years' burrowing, Mole Man of Hackney is ordered to stop The Guardian
  6. ^ Mole Man faces £100,000 bill for undermining the neighbourhood The Times Online-
  7. ^ Lewis, Paul (18 June 2010). "Hunt for heirs after Hackney 'mole man' William Lyttle dies". The Guardian (London). 
  8. ^ "'Mole Man' home in Hackney sold for £1.12m". BBC News. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 

External links[edit]