De Bezige Bij

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
De Bezige Bij
Industry Publishing
Founded 1943
Headquarters Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Key people Geert Lubberhuizen, Robert Ammerlaan, Hans Nijenhuis[1]
Website http://www.debezigebij.nl/

De Bezige Bij ("the busy bee") is one of the most important literary publishing companies in the Netherlands.[2][3]

History[edit]

The company was founded illegally in 1943, during the German occupation of the Netherlands by Geert Lubberhuizen; its first publication was a poem by Jan Campert called De Achttien Dooden ("The eighteen dead"), which describes the execution of 15 resistance fighters and three communists. The poem was sold to raise money for Jewish children who were placed with Dutch families; when it was published, in the spring of 1943, Campert had already died in the Neuengamme concentration camp.[3] When the German occupier rounded up students for the Arbeitseinsatz, Lubberhuizen hid in the attic of Maarten Vink, a surgeon, and ran the press from there.[4]

The name is derived from one of Lubberhuizen's aliases, "Bas." After he had signed a note, "Bas (busy)," an English-speaking friend joked, "Bas, busy as a bee can be," which led to the current name.[4][5]

In 1997, De Bezige Bij became part of the Weekbladpersgroep, though it was to keep its editorial independence and its cooperative structure.[6]

Writers[edit]

Writers published by De Bezige Bij include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hans Nijenhuis verruilt NRC voor De Bezige Bij". Brabants Dagblad (in Dutch). 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  2. ^ "Anne Franks Het achterhuis werd afgewezen". Trouw (in Dutch). 2004-12-22. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  3. ^ a b Hubben, Hub. (2004-05-14). "Illegaal was beter dan clandestien". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  4. ^ a b Roegholt, Richter. "Hoe De Bezige Bij ontstond als illegale uitgeverij". De Bezige Bij. Retrieved 2009-07-21. [dead link]
  5. ^ In 2004, the company published an illustrated history of its activities during the war years; see Hubben, Hub. (2004-05-14). "Illegaal was beter dan clandestien". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  6. ^ "Bezige Bij krijgt onderdak bij Weekbladpers 'maar blijft nog jaren autonoom'". Trouw (in Dutch). 1997-06-28. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  7. ^ "Schrijvers eren Remco Campert". NU.nl (in Dutch). 2009-07-16. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  8. ^ Dirks, Bart (2006-02-07). "Manuscript Het verdriet van België verkocht". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  9. ^ Peters, Arjen (2005-04-19). "Brieven tonen aan: Jan Cremer was zijn tijd ver vooruit". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  10. ^ Truijens, Aleid (2005-04-19). "'Ik heb me de tiefus gezocht naar boerenkool'". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  11. ^ "Schrijver Louis Ferron overleden". NU.nl (in Dutch). 2005-08-26. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  12. ^ "Bezige Bij stelt Mulisch-consulente aan". Brabants Dagblad (in Dutch). 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  13. ^ Peters, Arjan (2005-10-14). "Jan Siebelink wint AKO Literatuurprijs". de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  14. ^ Fortuin, Arjen (2009-07-12). "Simon Vinkenoog overleden". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-07-21. 

Secondary literature[edit]

  • Renders, Hans (2004). Gevaarlijk drukwerk - Een vrije uitgeverij in oorlogstijd. Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij. p. 255. ISBN 90-234-1430-6.