de Havilland Swallow Moth

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DH.81 Swallow Moth
DH81SideDraw.png
Role sports aircraft
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer de Havilland Aircraft Co. Ltd
First flight 21 August 1931
Retired 3 February 1932
Number built 1

The de Havilland DH.81 Swallow Moth was aimed at the low cost sporting aircraft market during the Great Depression. It was a single engined two seat low-wing monoplane; only one was built.

Development[edit]

The DH. 81 Swallow Moth[1] was a low wing cantilever monoplane. This arrangement and its plywood covered fuselage and closely cowled 80 hp (60 kW) inline Gipsy IV engine gave it a very clean aerodynamic look. The wings carried ailerons that were horn balanced at the wing tips and the empennage was of characteristic de Havilland form, with a balanced rudder. There was separate tandem seating for two, initially open, but later enclosed with a one-piece hinged cabin top. With this enclosure the aircraft was called the DH.81A and the top speed went up by 12 mph (19 km/h). The main undercarriage was simple and tidy, the leg reaching to mid-fuselage in front of the leading edge of the wing, with bracing struts fore and aft to the keel; the later Leopard Moth used a similar arrangement. A small tailskid completed the undercarriage.[1]

The Swallow Moth was first flown by Geoffrey de Havilland on 21 August 1931.[2] Some alteration to the fin followed and the flight testing continued until February 1932. During this time the class B marking E-7 was allocated, but the Swallow Moth never made it to the civil register. Its design influenced later de Havilland aircraft, particularly the 1938 Moth Minor.[3]

Specifications[edit]

Data from Jackson 1978, pp. 302

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1
  • Length: 23 ft 6 in (7.16 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 6 in (10.82 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 4 in (2.56 m)
  • Wing area: 149 ft2 (13.85 m2)
  • Gross weight: 1,330 lb (603 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Gipsy IV four cylinder inverted inline aircooled engine, 80 hp (60 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 117 mph (188 km/h)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jackson, pp. 301–2
  2. ^ Jackson, pp. 301
  3. ^ Jackson, pp. 302

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jackson, A.J. (1978). de Havilland Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam Publishing. ISBN 0-370-30022-X.