De Hoop Nature Reserve

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De Hoop Nature Reserve
IUCN category II (national park)
Haematopus moquini P1040465.JPG
Map showing the location of De Hoop Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of De Hoop Nature Reserve
Location of De Hoop Nature Reserve
Location Western Cape, South Africa
Nearest city Bredasdorp
Coordinates 34°26′3″S 20°32′52″E / 34.43417°S 20.54778°E / -34.43417; 20.54778Coordinates: 34°26′3″S 20°32′52″E / 34.43417°S 20.54778°E / -34.43417; 20.54778
Area 34,000 ha (84,000 acres)
Established 1957
Governing body CapeNature
Website De Hoop Nature Reserve

De Hoop Nature Reserve is a nature reserve in the Western Cape Province of South Africa.

It lies three hours from Cape Town in the Overberg region, near Cape Agulhas, the southern tip of Africa. Approximately 340 square kilometres (130 sq mi) in area,[1] it is one of the largest natural areas managed by CapeNature.

De Hoop is one of the components of the "Cape Floral Region Protected Areas" World Heritage Site.

De Hoop Nature Reserve is flanked by another protected area, the De Hoop Marine Protected Area, a three nautical mile stretch.[2]

Climate[edit]

De Hoop Nature Reserve's climate is Mediterranean, with warm summers and mild winters. The reserve gets 380 mm of rain annually. August is the wettest month. In summer, winds blow in from the east, west and southeast, whereas winter has westerly and southwesterly winds.[2]

Vegetation[edit]

The vegetation De Hoop Nature Reserve is part of the world's smallest and most threatened plant kingdom, known as the Cape Floral Kingdom. The reserve also contains one of the largest areas of the rare lowland fynbos.[2]

Animals[edit]

De Hoop is haven for both terrestrial and marine animals. Numerous species inhabit these habitats. The reserve has a total of 86 mammal species. These include the rare bontebok and Cape mountain zebra, eland, grey rhebok, baboon, yellow mongoose and caracal. Leopards, although rare, are also found in the reserve.[2]

The waters within the De Hoop Reserve support good populations of marine mammals such as dolphins and seals. The bays of De Hoop are the breeding grounds for southern right whales. The marine protected area of the reserve has a total of 250 species of fish.[2]

Birds[edit]

De Hoop supports a large number of resident and migratory bird species. The reserve's total bird species count is 260. Several water birds breed in the reserve. The reserve is also home to the only remaining breeding colony of the rare Cape vulture.[2]

Missile Testing[edit]

The eastern part of the reserve is occasionally used by the Denel Overberg Test Range for missile testing. There is no danger to hikers as the reserve closes the area well before the testing date.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "De Hoop Nature Reserve". CapeNature. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "De Hoop Nature Reserve". CapeNature. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 

External links[edit]