De Lacy O'Leary
|De Lacy Evans O'Leary|
De Lacy Evans O'Leary was born in 1872. His family was Irish Catholics of Limerick, and included one of the generals in Wellington's Peninsular Campaign.[a] Brought up as a Roman Catholic, he converted to the Anglican Church of Ireland in his youth. He became interested in the literature and languages of the people mentioned in the Bible. He studied and worked at the University of London and Trinity College, Dublin before becoming a minister in the church.
He was special lecturer at the University of Bristol from 1908 until 1957, teaching Aramaic, Syriac, and Hellenistic Greek. He was the first chairman of the Bristol University Convocation, which represents graduates of the university, between 1910 and 1928. During World War I he was Captain-Chaplain of the university's Officer Training Corps.
O'Leary was made Inspector of Schools in religious knowledge for the Diocese of Bristol and vicar of Christ Church in the poor Barton Hill district of Bristol from 1909 until his retirement in 1946. Despite the large population of his parish, church attendance was poor and declined during his tenure. There was controversy about his curacy of the parish, which led to questions in the House of Lords in 1952 and an appeal to the Privy council. After World War II he retired from his parish and went to live in Weston-super-Mare with his sister, although he continued to visit the university occasionally. The church was closed and torn down.
De Lacy O'Leary in 'Islam at the Crossroads,' London, 1923.
History makes it clear, however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated.
O'Leary published several Coptic liturgical manuscripts. These included:
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1923). The Coptic Theotokia. London.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1924). Fragmentary Coptic Hymns from the Wadi n'Natrun. London.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1926-1928). The Difnar (Antiphonarium) of the Coptic Church (2 vols). London.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1930). The Arabic Life of St. Pisentius.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1936). The Ethiopian Church: Historical Notes on the Church of Abyssinia. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
He wrote books about Christian and Coptic literature. These included:
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1909). The Syriac Church and Fathers. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. ISBN 978-1-931956-05-5. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1912). Studies in the Apocryphal Gospels of Christ's Infancy. London.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1923). Comparative Grammar Of The Semitic Languages. Routledge, Trench, Trubner.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1937). The Saints of Egypt. London.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (194?). Colloquial Arabic: with notes on the vernacular speech of Egypt, Syria, and Mesopotamia, and an appendix on the local characteristics of Algerian dialect. K. Paul, Trench, Trubner. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
He also wrote a number of books about Arabic history, including:
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1922). Arabic Thought and Its Place in History. London.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1923). Arabic History and Culture. Routledge. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1923). Short History of the Fatimid Khalifate. London and New York.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1927). Arabia Before Muhammad.
- O'Leary, De Lacy (1947). How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs. London.
Notes and references
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Evans, Evan Herber (1911). "Evans, Sir George de Lacy". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "First Chairman of Convocation". Biographies of the Former Chairmen of Convocation. Bristol University Alumni. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- Krause, Martin (1991). "O'Leary, De Lacy Evans (1872-1957)". Claremont College Digital Library. The Gale Group. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- McLoughlin, Leslie J. (2002). "De Lacy Evans O'Leary (1872-1957". In a Sea of Knowledge: The British Arabists in the Twentieth Century. Garnet & Ithaca Press. ISBN 978-0-86372-288-2. Retrieved 2013-03-14.