de Trafford baronets
|de Trafford baronets|
|Creation date||7 September 1841|
|Created by||Queen Victoria|
|Peerage||Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||Thomas de Trafford|
|Present holder||John de Trafford|
|Heir apparent||Alexander Humphrey de Trafford|
|Remainder to||Heirs male of the body|
The de Trafford Baronetcy, of Trafford Park in the County Palatine of Lancaster (which is now in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, Greater Manchester but does not change in territorial designation) is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
The largely knighted, landowning line of the family in Trafford and Stretford kept a family tree, which matches the Patent Rolls and which proved Thomas de Trafford to be the 24th lord of the manor of the same, which lost all social significance with the end of the feudal system and manorial courts. Thomas de Trafford restarted his family's ordinal numbers by receiving a Baronetcy by Royal Decree on 7 September 1841 during the last phase of Catholic Emancipation,
The de Trafford/Trafford surnames are shared by a notably wealthy family in records in England since the 11th century. Its main branch was founded by Randolphus, who died in about 1050 (16 years before the Norman Conquest). As with the bulk of the lords of the manor of the Anglo-Saxons, male heirs of Randolphus initially resisted the Norman invasion, but were granted the "peace and protection" of the Crown as conferred and assured by a Baron Massey aka Massy aka Mascy who held the manor after the conquest. Almost all surnames derived from places or with the de/Fitz were reserved for noble families where continued after that century — the long-standing manor was the "family seat". This was the north-east of Stretford township (England). Its initial part, which later expanded with the wealth of the family is Old Trafford which is now termed part of Trafford but is no longer in a township and has the main one of two Greater Manchester football clubs, Old Trafford Cricket Ground, entertainment areas and a very large city shopping centre.
The 14th century was important for these manorial lords, in receiving acclaim from the Crown. Henry Trafford died in 1395, holding the manor of Trafford (and vill) of Stretford, together with two-thirds of a third part of the manor of Edgeworth, and leaving a son and heir Henry, six years of age. This son died in 1408, the manors going to his brother Edmund, known as the Alchemist, from his having procured a licence from the king in 1446 authorizing him to transmute metals. Sir Edmund, at Eccles in 1411, married Alice daughter and co-heir of Sir William Venables of Bollin, and thus acquired a considerable estate in Cheshire, which descended in the Trafford family for many generations.
Cecil Trafford was made a knight at Hoghton Tower in 1617. He was at first, like his grandfather, a Protestant and a persecutor, but afterwards, about 1632, embraced the faith he had attempted to destroy. In 1638, accordingly, the king seized a third of his estates and granted them on lease to farmers. Siding with the king on the outbreak of the English Civil War, he was seized and imprisoned by Roundheads and his estates were sequestered. His sons are mentioned as serving some of the English Interregnum at Rome and Douay. In 1653 Sir Cecil begged leave to transact under the Recusants Act relating to the sequestered two-thirds of his estates.
Sir Cecil died in 1672. His eldest son Edmund died twenty years later, and was followed by a brother Humphrey, who was accused of participation in the fictitious plot of 1694, and sympathized with the rising of 1715. He was succeeded by his son and grandson, each named Humphrey. The last of these died in 1779 and left Trafford to his relative John Trafford of Croston, who died in 1815. During this time, owing to the laws concerning religion all offices of state had been closed against Catholics, who had therefore to dwell quietly on their estates.
Coat of arms
The depicted arms of a red (gules) griffin, rampant on a white/metal/silver (argent) background mirrors that of Pomerania, with the beak of the latter land usually yellow being the main sole differentiator. Its copy depiction in the Victoria County History is wider than shown, filling most of the shield with the upright wings, tail and clawed feet of the animal.
De Trafford baronets of Trafford Park (1841)
- Sir Thomas Joseph de Trafford, 1st Baronet (1778–1852)
- Sir Humphrey de Trafford, 2nd Baronet (1808–1886)
- Sir Humphrey Francis de Trafford, 3rd Baronet (1862–1929)
- Sir Humphrey Edmund de Trafford, 4th Baronet (1891–1971)
- Sir Rudolph Edgar Francis de Trafford, 5th Baronet (1894–1983)
- Sir Dermot Humphrey de Trafford, 6th Baronet (1925–2010)
- Sir John Humphrey de Trafford, 7th baronet (born 1950)
Sir John's son Alexander Humphrey de Trafford (born 1978) is the heir apparent.
- William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors) (1911). "Townships: Stretford". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors) (1911). trafford "Townships: Edgeworth". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]