De Verwachting, Hollum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
De Verwachting, Hollum
Mosterd- en Korenmolen de Verwachting (Nes Ameland).jpg
De Verwachting, September 2006
Origin
Mill name De Verwachting
Mill location Molenweg 8, 9161 AW, Hollum
53°26′24″N 5°38′00″E / 53.44000°N 5.63333°E / 53.44000; 5.63333
Operator(s) Gemeente Ameland
Year built 1991
Information
Purpose Corn mill and mustard mill
Type Smock mill
Storeys Two-storey smock
Base storeys Three-storey base
Smock sides Eight sides
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Common sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Tailpole and winch
Number of pairs of millstones One pair
Size of millstones 1.30 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter

De Verwachting (English: The Expectation) is a smock mill in Hollum, Friesland, Netherlands which was built in 1991 and is in working order.

History[edit]

A mill previously stood on this site. It was built in 1840 by millwright Van der Meer of Harlingen for Hendrik Willems de Boer. A few years before the Second World War, a diesel engine was installed, but the mill was worked by wind during the war as no diesel fuel was available to run the engine.[1] The mill was demolished in 1949.[2] In 1991, a windmill was moved from Brucht, Overijssel. It was built on the site of the original mill by millwrights Fabrikaat Hiemstra of Tzummarum at a cost of ƒ679,920. The mill was officially opened on 16 November 1994.[3]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various items of machinery, see Mill machinery.

De Verwachting is what the Dutch describe as a "stellingmolen" . It is a two-storey smock mill on a three-storey base. The stage is at second-floor level, 5.06 metres (16 ft 7 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are thatched. The mill is winded by tailpole and winch. The sails are Common sails.[3] The sails on the inner stock have a span of 18.50 metres (60 ft 8 in) while the sails on the outer stock have a span of 18.60 metres (61 ft 0 in). The sails are carried on a cast-iron windshaft, which was cast by Fabrikaat Buurma, Oudeschans, Groningen in 1991.[4] The windshaft also carries the clasp arm brake wheel,which has 55 cogs. This drives the wallower (27 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft, the great spur wheel, which has 77 cogs, it drives the 1.30 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter Cullen millstones via a lantern pinion stone nut which has 26 staves.

Public access[edit]

De Verwachting is regularly open to the public, although it is not open on Sundays, Mondays or public holidays.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hollum (Ameland), Friesland" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  2. ^ "Geschiedenis" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 28 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Stichting De Fryske Mole (1995). Friese Molens (in Dutch). Leeuwarden: Friese Pers Boekerij bv. pp. p246. ISBN 90-330-1522-6. 
  4. ^ "Technische gegevens" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "MOLEN "DE VERWACHTING" IN HOLLUM" (in Dutch). Ameland Museums. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 

External links[edit]