De rebus bellicis is a 4th or 5th century anonymous work which suggests remedies for ongoing military and financial problems in the Roman Empire, including a number of fanciful war machines. It was written after the death of Constantine I (337; explicitly states that Constantine was dead when the work was written), and before the fall of the Western Roman Empire (476). Some researchers suggest that it may refer to the Battle of Adrianople (378; speaks about the serious threat posed by the barbarian tribes to the empire), or even the death of Emperor Theodosius I (395; in many cases it uses the plural form of the word "princeps", the title of the emperor, which may refer to the split of the Empire between Honorius and Arcadius after the death of Theodosius).
O. Seeck, in RE I (1894), s.v. 'Anonymi n. 3', col. 2325.
S. Reinach, "Un homme à projects du bas-empire", <<Revue archéologique>> XVI 1922, p. 205-265.
Hartwin Brandt, Zeitkritik in der Spätantike. Untersuchungen zu den Reformvorschlägen des Anonymus De rebus bellicis (Munich 1988) (Vestigia 40).
J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz, "Realism and Phantasy: The Anonymous De Rebus Bellicis and its Afterlife," in Idem. Decline and Change in Late Antiquity: Religion, Barbarians and their Historiography (Aldershot, Ashgate, 2006) (Variorum Collected Studies).
E. A. Thompson, A Roman Reformer and Inventor: Being a new Text of the Treatise De Rebus Bellicis with Translation and Introduction (Oxford 1952).
S. Mazzarino, "Aspetti sociali del IV secolo. Ricerche di Storia tardo-romana" (Roma 1951; Milano 2002).