Dea Matrona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Stone carving of the goddess Matrona
Stone carving of the goddess Matrona

In Celtic mythology, Dea Matrona ("divine mother goddess") was the goddess who gives her name to the river Marne (ancient Matrŏna[1]) in Gaul.

The Gaulish theonym Mātr-on-ā signifies "great mother",[2] and the goddess of the Marne has been interpreted to be a mother goddess.[3][2] Many Gaulish religious images—including inexpensive terracottas mass-produced for use in household shrines—depict mother goddesses nursing babies and/or holding fruits, other foods, or small dogs in their laps. In many areas, such Matronae were depicted in groups of three (or sometimes two)[4] (see Matres and Matronae for the triads of mother-goddesses well attested throughout northern Europe).

The name of Welsh mythological figure Modron, mother of Mabon is derived from the same etymon.[5] By analogy, Dea Matrona may conceivably have been considered the mother of the Gaulish Maponos.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Ancient authors referring to the river Marne as Matrona include Julius Caesar, Ammianus Marcellinus, Ausonius and Sidonius Apollinaris. Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879). "A Latin Dictionary, 'Matrona'". Perseus, Tufts University. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Xavier Delamarre (2003). Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Errance. p. 219. ISBN 2-87772-237-6. 
  3. ^ Cf. Jacques Lacroix (2007). Les noms d'origine gauloise - La Gaule des dieux. Errance. pp. 59–60. ISBN 2-87772-349-6. 
  4. ^ Miranda J. Green (1989). Symbol and Image in Celtic Religious Art. Routledge. pp. 188–204. ISBN 0-415-08076-2. 
  5. ^ Mary Jones (2007). "Modron". Jones' Celtic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  • Beck, Jane (1970) "The White Lady of Great Britain and Ireland", in: Folklore 81:4.
  • Loomis, Roger (1945) "Morgain La Fee and the Celtic goddesses", in: Speculum. 20:2.
  • Meier, Bernhard (1998) Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture; Cyril Edwards, trans. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer.