Dealu

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Dealu
Oroszhegy
Commune
Location of Dealu, Harghita
Location of Dealu, Harghita
Dealu is located in Romania
Dealu
Dealu
Location of Dealu, Harghita
Coordinates: 46°24′0″N 25°18′0″E / 46.40000°N 25.30000°E / 46.40000; 25.30000Coordinates: 46°24′0″N 25°18′0″E / 46.40000°N 25.30000°E / 46.40000; 25.30000
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Elemér Imre Bálint[2] (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 96.95 km2 (37.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,902[1]
 • Density 34.1/km2 (88/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Hungarians 99.31%
 • Romanians 0.49%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537080
Area code(s) +40 266
Website www.oroszhegy.org

Dealu (Hungarian: Oroszhegy, meaning "Russian Mountain"; Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈoroshɛɟ]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The commune is known for its plum-based pálinka and is composed of seven villages:

  • Dealu / Oroszhegy
  • Fâncel / Székelyfancsal
  • Sâncrai / Székelyszentkirály
  • Tămaşu / Székelyszenttamás
  • Tibod / Tibód
  • Ulcani / Ülke
  • Valea Rotundă / Uknyéd

History[edit]

The villages belonged to the Székely seat of Udvarhelyszék until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Udvarhely County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Odorhei County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Hungarian Autonomous Province, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Hungarian Autonomous Province. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Székely (Hungarian) majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 3,902 of which 99.31% or 3,875 are Hungarian.

References[edit]