Dean Conant Worcester
|Dean Conant Worcester|
October 1, 1866|
|Died||May 2, 1924
|Resting place||Pleasant Ridge Cemetery, North Thetford, Vermont
|Institutions||Philippine Insular Government|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
Dean Conant Worcester, D.Sc., F.R.G.S. (October 1, 1866 – 1924) was an American zoologist, public official, and authority on the Philippines, born at Thetford, Vermont, and educated at the University of Michigan (A.B., 1889).
From 1899 to 1901 he was a member of the United States Philippine Commission, and until 1913 he served in the highly influential role of secretary of the interior for the Insular Government. In 1910, he founded the Philippine General Hospital, which has become a hospital for the poor.
Aves de Rapiña
On October 30, 1908, El Renacimiento, a daily newspaper in Spanish, published an editorial written by Fidel A. Reyes (1878–1967), its city editor, titled Aves de Rapiña (Birds of Prey), which denounced an American official for taking advantage his office in exploiting the resources of the country for his personal gains.
Although the editorial did not mention names, Worcester felt that he was the public official referred to and filed a libel case against Teodoro Kalaw and Martin Ocampo, editor and publisher, respectively.
The lower court sentenced Ocampo to six months imprisonment and a fine of ₱2,000 and Kalaw to twelve months imprisonment and ₱3,000 fine and a verdict for moral and punitive damages for ₱25,000. The defendants appealed to the Supreme Court of the Philippines, which affirmed the decision of the lower court and to the Supreme Court of the United States of America, which sustained the decision of the Philippine tribunals. However, Ocampo and Kalaw did not spend a day in jail because Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison pardoned them in 1914.
His publications include, besides various papers:
- The Philippine Islands and Their People (1898)
- The Non-Christian Tribes of Northern Luzon (1906)
- The Philippines Past and Present (two volumes, 1913; new edition, 1914)
- "Dean Conant Worcester". findagrave.com.
- Patrick M. Kirkwood (Fall 2014). "Michigan Men' in the Philippines and the Limits of Self-Determination in the Progressive Era". Michigan Historical Review 40 (2). Retrieved 2014-11-04.
- "Fidela A. Reyes". National Historical Commission of the Philippines.
- "G.R. No. L-5760 December 24, 1909". The LawPhil Project.
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- Works by Dean Conant Worcester at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Dean Conant Worcester at Internet Archive (search optimized for the non-Beta site)
- PGH: An American Gift (archived from the original on 2007-01-08)
- American-Philippine Relations: A Guide to the Resources in the Michigan Historical Collections (Article with Dean Conant Worcester) by Thomas Powers