Dean Milk Company v. City of Madison
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|Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, Wisconsin|
|Argued December 7, 1950
Decided January 15, 1951
|Full case name||Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, Wisconsin|
|Citations||340 U.S. 349 (more)
71 S.Ct. 295; L. Ed. 329
|The ordinance unjustifiably discriminates against interstate commerce, in violation of the Commerce Clause of the Federal Constitution.|
|Majority||Clark, joined by Vinson, Reed, Frankfurter, Jackson, Burton|
|Dissent||Black, joined by Douglas, Minton|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
The court held that a municipal ordinance requiring all milk sold in Madison to be pasteurized at an approved plant within 5 miles of the city, unconstitutionally discriminated against interstate commerce.
Illinois milk producer, Dean Milk, on appeal from a state court holding that found the municipal ordinance to be reasonable, charged that the true purpose of the ordinance was to protect local industries from competition from non-local producers.
In the court's opinion, Justice Clark said: "In thus erecting an economic barrier protecting a major local industry against competition from without the state, Madison plainly discriminates against interstate commerce. This it cannot do, even in the exercise of its unquestioned power to protect the health and safety of the people, if reasonable nondiscriminatory alternatives... are available".
The fact that in-state producers were also discriminated against was not found to be relevant to the fact that it discriminated against interstate commerce.
- List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 340
- City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey, 437 U.S. 617 (1978)
- Eule, Julian N. (1982). "Laying the Dormant Commerce Clause to Rest". The Yale Law Journal (The Yale Law Journal Company, Inc.) 91 (3): 425–485. doi:10.2307/795926. JSTOR 795926.
- Text of Dean Milk Co. v. City of Madison, Wisconsin, 340 U.S. 349 (1951) is available from: Findlaw Justia
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