Deane, Greater Manchester
Deane Parish Church
Deane shown within Greater Manchester
|OS grid reference|
|– London||173 mi (278 km) SE|
|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Bolton West|
Historically a part of Lancashire, the Parish of Deane was one of four parishes within the hundred of Salford and covered roughly half of the present Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. The Church of St Mary on which the parish was centred was in the township of Rumworth.
The name Deane derives from the Old English word "denu" - meaning valley. In earlier times Deane was written without the final "e". The stream running in the valley to the west of the church was named the Kirkbroke - meaning Church Brook from the Saxon. The valley is also referred to as Deane Clough, "cloh" is Old English for a ravine or deep valley.
Early church history
Since Anglo-Saxon times there has been a chapel at Deane in the township of Rumworth, the earliest record is from the year 1100. This chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary the Virgin was sometimes referred to as St Mariden i.e. St Mary's, Deane in old documents. Deane chapelry in the ancient parish of Eccles was mentioned in 13th-century deeds and became a parish in its own right in 1541. St Mary's Church, on the site of the original chapel, dates from 1452 replacing an earlier structure, the tower and north door are older than the rest of the building. The church has been altered at various times and was restored in about 1880.
The Protestant martyr, George Marsh, a farmer's son, was born in Deane in 1515. When Edward VI became King in 1547, Marsh's study of the New Testament led to his appointment as a preaching minister. When Edward VI died in 1553, his half-sister Mary I became Queen. She sought to re-establish Roman Catholicism, Marsh became victim to her persecution of the reformers. He appeared before Justice Barton at Smithills Hall accused of preaching false doctrines. Imprisoned at Chester, he refused to deny his beliefs, was tried, convicted, and burnt at the stake on April 24, 1555. A memorial was erected in the churchyard in 1893, it is a Grade II listed structure.
Lying within the boundaries of the historic county of Lancashire since the early 12th century, the Parish of Deane was subdivided into townships in 1660. The ten townships were Horwich, Halliwell, Heaton, Rumworth (where Deane Parish Church is situated), Westhoughton, Over Hulton, Middle Hulton, Little Hulton, Farnworth and Kearsley.
In 1837 Rumworth along with neighbouring townships (or civil parishes) became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union which took responsibility for the administration and funding of the Poor Law in that area. In the 19th century many of the Deane townships became independent civil parishes and were merged into Bolton Borough. In 1872 part of Rumworth township became part of Bolton Borough, the remainder of Rumworth (which included Deane Parish Church) was renamed Deane township in 1894 and in 1898 it too was merged into the County Borough of Bolton.
|Westhoughton||Over Hulton||Middle Hulton|
- Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 3 June 2010
- Rumworth Township Map, genuki.org, retrieved 16 January 2010
- Deane Parish, deaneparish.co.uk, retrieved 7 January 2010
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Rumworth", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 6, retrieved 7 January 2010
- The Parish of St Mary the Virgin, Deane, lan-opc.org, retrieved 7 January 2010
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "The parish of Deane", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 1–5, retrieved 7 January 2010
- Deane St Mary's, imagesofengland.org.uk, retrieved 7 January 2010
- George Marsh, deaneparish.co.uk, retrieved 7 January 2010
- George Marsh, martyr, hrionline.ac.uk, retrieved 7 January 2010
- George Marsh Memorial, Images of england, retrieved 30 January 2010
- Deane Map, british-history.ac.uk, retrieved 7 January 2010
- BoltonPLU, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 28 November 2009
- Deane C.of E. Parish
- GENUKI - Deane
- Virtual Drive around Deane
- A Vision of Britain - Deane
- BBC History Trail - Deane
- Heatons of Deane