Dearborn County, Indiana

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Dearborn County, Indiana
Dearborn County Courthouse from the east.jpg
Dearborn County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Dearborn County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1803
Named for Dr. Henry Dearborn
Seat Lawrenceburg
Largest city Lawrenceburg
Area
 • Total 307.42 sq mi (796 km2)
 • Land 305.03 sq mi (790 km2)
 • Water 2.38 sq mi (6 km2), 0.77%
Population
 • (2010) 50,047
 • Density 164/sq mi (63.31/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.dearborncounty.org
Footnotes: Indiana county number 15

Dearborn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 50,047.[1] The county seat and largest city is Lawrenceburg.[2]

Dearborn County is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Dearborn County was formed in 1803.[3] It was named for Dr. Henry Dearborn (DR).[4][5] Dearborn was U.S. Secretary of War at the time the County was named. Early growth was centered around Lawrenceburg which was an important railroad junction connecting two of the regions major rail lines.[6]

Dearborn County originally included what is now Ohio County when it was organized in 1803. Lawrenceburg was then designated as the county seat. However, from the start, a contention existed between the towns of Lawrenceburg and Rising Sun over that designation. The contention between the two towns was resolved in 1844 when the Indiana State legislature separated the portion of Dearborn County south of Laughery Creek and created the new county of Ohio on March 1, 1844, with Rising Sun designated as its county seat.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 307.42 square miles (796.2 km2), of which 305.03 square miles (790.0 km2) (or 99.22%) is land and 2.38 square miles (6.2 km2) (or 0.77%) is water.[8] Part of the southeastern county line is formed by the Ohio River.

Dearborn County contains the Perfect North Slopes ski resort.[9]

Cities and towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate[edit]

Lawrenceburg, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
38
21
 
 
3
 
44
24
 
 
4.4
 
54
31
 
 
4.4
 
64
39
 
 
5.5
 
74
49
 
 
4.6
 
82
58
 
 
4.6
 
86
63
 
 
4
 
85
62
 
 
2.9
 
79
55
 
 
3.2
 
67
43
 
 
3.8
 
55
35
 
 
3.7
 
43
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[10]

In recent years, average temperatures in Lawrenceburg have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in September to 5.53 inches (140 mm) in May.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 7,310
1820 11,468 56.9%
1830 13,974 21.9%
1840 19,327 38.3%
1850 20,166 4.3%
1860 24,406 21.0%
1870 24,116 −1.2%
1880 26,671 10.6%
1890 23,364 −12.4%
1900 22,194 −5.0%
1910 21,396 −3.6%
1920 20,033 −6.4%
1930 21,056 5.1%
1940 23,053 9.5%
1950 25,141 9.1%
1960 28,674 14.1%
1970 29,430 2.6%
1980 34,291 16.5%
1990 38,835 13.3%
2000 46,109 18.7%
2010 50,047 8.5%
Est. 2013 49,904 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]
Lawrenceburg on the Ohio River, from the air. AEP's Tanner's Creek Generating Station at lower-left.

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 46,109 people, 16,832 households, and 12,775 families residing in the county. The population density was 151 people per square mile (58/km²). There were 17,791 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.06% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.3% were of German, 18.5% American, 9.8% Irish and 8.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 16,832 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.10% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,899, and the median income for a family was $54,806. Males had a median income of $38,687 versus $26,148 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,431. About 4.80% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.20% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[16][17]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[16][17]

Court: Dearborn County's courts consist of a Circuit Court (shared with Ohio County in the only such arrangement in the state[18]) and two Superior Courts. Judges are elected to six-year terms. Lawrenceburg and Aurora also have City Courts. Judges there serve four-year terms.

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, prosecuting attorney, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[17]

Dearborn County is part of Indiana's 6th congressional district and Indiana's 9th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 43;[19] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 55 and 68.[20]

Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dearborn County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ History of Dearborn and Ohio Counties, Indiana. F. E. Weakley. 1885. p. 111. 
  4. ^ "Profile for Dearborn County, Indiana, IN". ePodunk. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102. 
  6. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 553. 
  7. ^ "More About Dearborn County". Indiana County History Preservation Society. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  9. ^ "Neighborhoods". Cincinnati magazine. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lawrenceburg, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  17. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  18. ^ http://www.in.gov/judiciary/about/04-trialcourts.html
  19. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  20. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  21. ^ "John Whiteaker". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°09′N 84°59′W / 39.15°N 84.98°W / 39.15; -84.98