Death-doom

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Death/doom, sometimes written as death-doom or deathdoom, is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal. It combines the slow tempos and pessimistic or depressive mood of doom metal with the deep growling vocals and double kick drumming of death metal.[1] The genre emerged in the mid-1980s and gained a certain amount of popularity during the 1990s, but had become less common by the turn of the 21st century.[1] In turn, death/doom gave rise to the closely related genre of funeral doom as well as to the more melodic and romantic gothic metal.

History[edit]

The death/doom genre originated in the mid-1980s when early progenitors like Dream Death began to mix traditional doom metal with the sounds of thrash and the nascent death metal scene.[2] Early records by such bands as Paradise Lost, My Dying Bride and Anathema (also known as the Peaceville Three due to the fact all three were on Peaceville Records at the time) combined the sounds of mid-1980s Celtic Frost and Candlemass with the use of female vocals,[3] keyboards and, in the case of My Dying Bride, violins. The influence of these bands has been acknowledged by the likes of Within Temptation, Lacuna Coil, The Gathering, Celestial Season and Saturnus.[1][4] The tag of death/doom seemed to become less popular towards the end of the decade as many of the scene progenitors abandoned their early sound to embrace a more accessible or palatable direction.[1] However, the style persists in the form of funeral doom, a highly related genre that emerged in the mid-1990s, particularly in the form of Finnish bands such Thergothon, Unholy and Skepticism.[5]

List of notable death/doom and funeral doom bands[edit]

Band Country Formed Notes
Amorphis Finland 1990 [3][6]
Anathema UK 1990 [3][7]
Asphyx The Netherlands 1987 [8]
Autopsy USA 1987 [1]
Beyond Dawn Norway 1990 [9]
Celestial Season Netherlands 1991 [1]
Corrupted Japan 1994 [10][11]
Daylight Dies USA 1996 [12][13]
Demenzia Bulgaria 2003 [14]
Disembowelment Australia 1989 [1][3][5]
Draconian Sweden 1994 [15]
Esoteric UK 1992 [16]
Evoken USA 1994 [17]
Forest Stream Russia 1995 [18]
The Gathering Netherlands 1989 [3][19]
Incantation USA 1989 [1]
Katatonia Sweden 1991 [20][21]
Morgion USA 1990 [1][3][22]
My Dying Bride UK 1990 [1][3][23]
Necare USA 1997 [24]
Novembers Doom USA 1989 [1][25]
Opera IX Italy 1988 [26]
Orphaned Land Israel 1991 [27]
Paradise Lost UK 1988 [1][3][28]
Paramaecium Australia 1990 [29]
Rapture Finland 1997 [30]
Runemagick Sweden 1990 [31]
Saturnus Denmark 1991 [1]
Skepticism Finland 1991 [1][5]
Swallow the Sun Finland 2000 [32]
Thergothon Finland 1990 [1][5]
The Third and the Mortal Norway 1992 [33]
Thorr's Hammer USA 1994 [34]
Unearthly Trance USA 2000 [35]
Unholy Finland 1990 [1][5]
Winter USA 1988 [1][3][36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Tracey, Ciaran (March 2006). "Doom/Death: United in Grief" , Terrorizer #142, pp.54-55.
  2. ^ Bardin, Olivier (May 2006). "Forgotten Doom: Raiders of the Lost Art", Terrorizer #144, p.56
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Purcell, Nathalie J. (2003). Death Metal Music: The Passion and Politics of a Subculture. McFarland & Company. p. 23. ISBN 0-7864-1585-1. Retrieved April 2008. 
  4. ^ Metal Hammer #173
  5. ^ a b c d e Hinchcliffe, James (April 2006). "Funeral Doom / Dron Doom: Hearse Play", Terrorizer #143, pp.44-45.
  6. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Amorphis". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  7. ^ Huey, Steve. "Anathema". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  8. ^ Nief, Todd. "The Rack review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  9. ^ Hinchcliffe, James (May 2006). "Doom/Death & Gothic Doom Top Ten: Beyond Dawn, Pity Love", Terrorizer #144, p.53.
  10. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Corrupted". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  11. ^ Mincemoyer, John (May 2006). "Doom/Death & Gothic Doom Top Ten: Corrupted, Llenandose de Gusanos", Terrorizer #144, p.53.
  12. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Daylight Dies". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  13. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Daylight Dies". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  14. ^ Born, R. "Demenzia". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  15. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "The Burning Halo review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  16. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Esoteric". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  17. ^ Borges, Mario Mesquita. "Evoken". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  18. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Forest Stream". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  19. ^ Chantler, Chris (May 2006). "Doom/Death & Gothic Doom Top Ten: The Gathering, Always", Terrorizer #144, p.53.
  20. ^ Huey, Steve. "Katatonia". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  21. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Katatonia". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  22. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Morgion". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  23. ^ Jeffries, Vincent. "Turn Loose the Swans review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  24. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Necare". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-05. [dead link]
  25. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "To Welcome the Fade review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  26. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Opera IX". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-25. 
  27. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Orphaned Land". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  28. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Gothic review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  29. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Paramaecium". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  30. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Rapture". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  31. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Runemagick". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  32. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Swallow the Sun". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  33. ^ Hinchcliffe, James (May 2006). "Doom/Death & Gothic Metal Top Ten: The Third and the Mortal, Tears Laid in Earth", Terrorizer #144, p.53.
  34. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Thorr's Hammer". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  35. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Unearthly Trance". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  36. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Winter". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-05.