Death (protopunk band)
|Origin||Detroit, Michigan, United States|
|Genres||Rock, protopunk, garage rock, rock and roll|
|Years active||1971–1976, 2009–present|
|Labels||Tryangle, Drag City|
|Associated acts||RockFire Funk Express, The Fourth Movement, Lambsbread, Rough Francis|
|Past members||David Hackney|
Death is a garage rock and punk rock band formed in Detroit, Michigan in 1971 by brothers Bobby (bass, vocals), David (guitar), and Dannis (drums) Hackney. They are known for being the originators and founding fathers of punk music. As progenitors of this genre they created in entirety, the musical schemes, lyrical, instrumental, and idiosyncratic innovations that comprise the punk rock standard. They are often inaccurately referred to as a "proto-punk" band and not more accurately, the nomenclature of "original punk" or simply "punk". The trio started out as a funk band but creatively developed the punk repertoire with themes of social justice and artistic aggression. The band broke up by 1977 but reformed in 2009 when the Drag City label released their 70s demos for the first time.
The brothers practiced and recorded early demos in a room in the family home and performed their earliest gigs from their garage. Originally calling themselves Rock Fire Funk Express, guitarist David convinced his brothers to change the name of the band to Death. "His concept was spinning death from the negative to the positive. It was a hard sell," Bobby Hackney recalled in 2010.
In 1975 at Detroit’s United Sound Studios with engineer Jim Vitti, they recorded seven songs written by David and Bobby. According to the Hackney family, Columbia Records president Clive Davis funded the recording sessions, but implored the band to change its name to something more commercially palatable than Death. When the Hackneys refused, Davis ceased his support. The band only recorded seven songs instead of the planned dozen. The following year they self-released (on their label Tryangle) a single taken from the sessions: "Politicians in My Eyes" b/w "Keep on Knocking," in a run of just 500 copies.
The Hackney brothers ended the band in 1977. The brothers then moved to Burlington, Vermont and released two albums of gospel rock as The 4th Movement in the early 1980s. David moved back to Detroit in 1982, and died of lung cancer in 2000. Bobby and Dannis still reside in Vermont and lead the reggae band Lambsbread.
In 2008 the sons of Bobby Hackney (Julian, Urian, and Bobby Jr.) started a band called Rough Francis, covering the songs of Death after discovering the old recordings online. In 2009, Drag City Records released all seven Death songs from their 1975 United Sound sessions on CD and LP under the title ...For the Whole World to See. In September 2009, a reformed Death played three shows with original members Bobby and Dannis Hackney, with Lambsbread guitarist Bobbie Duncan taking the place of the late David Hackney. In 2010, their song "Freakin' Out" was used in an episode of the television program How I Met Your Mother entitled "False Positive" (Season 6, Episode 12). During a 2010 performance at the Boomslang Festival in Lexington, Kentucky the band announced that Drag City would release a new album with demos and rough cuts that predate the 1975 sessions. The album Spiritual • Mental • Physical was released in January 2011. In 2011, their song "You're A Prisoner" was used in the film Kill the Irishman.  An independent documentary film about the band titled A Band Called Death, directed by Jeff Howlett and Mark Covino, was released in 2012.
As RockFire Funk Express
- "People Save the World"/"RockFire Funk Express" 7" single (Recorded 1973, released 2011 by Third Man Records)
- "Politicians In My Eyes" b/w "Keep on Knocking" 7" (Recorded 1975, released 1976 by Tryangle Records, reissued 2013 by Drafthouse Films)
- ...For the Whole World to See (Recorded 1974, released 2009 by Drag City)
- Spiritual • Mental • Physical (Recorded 1974-76, released 2011 by Drag City)
- "Relief" online single (2012, CD Baby)
- Raw demo recording of "Politicians In My Eyes" (Recorded 1974, released online by Drafthouse Films, 2013)
As The 4th Movement
- The 4th Movement LP (1980)
- Totally LP (1982)
- A Band Called Death DVD/Blu-ray (2013, Drafthouse Films)
- How I Met Your Mother Episode 'False Positive' (Season 6, Ep. 12) (2010) - song Freakin' Out
- Entourage Episode 'Bottoms Up' (Season 7, Ep. 5) (2011) - song Politicians In My Eyes
- Bolles, Dan (2010-10-06). "The Breakout: Reunited and revitalized, Death keep on knocking". Seven Days. Da Capo Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- ...For the Whole World to See liner notes.
- "Death: A '70s Rock Trailblazer, Reborn". npr.org. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Bliss, Abi (2009-02-09). "The Detroit band that never sold out". Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- "The Hackney Brothers: Death". SuicideGirls.com. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
- Holdship, Bill (2009-09-23), Death becomes them, Detroit Metro Times, retrieved 2009-10-15
- ""How I Met Your Mother" False Positive (2010)".
- Jurek, Thom (2011-01-25). "Spiritual Mental Physical - Death : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- ""Kill the Irishman" - soundtrack".
- Fennessy, Kathy (2012-05-16). "LineOut: A Band Called Death: The Documentary". thestranger.com. Index Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- Nagy, Evie (Feb 24, 2012). "Exclusive: Stream 'Relief,' Death's First New Single Since 1976". Rolling Stone. Retrieved Dec 28, 2013.