Death and state funeral of Hugo Chávez
|Date||5–8 March 2013|
Hugo Chávez, the President of Venezuela, died on 5 March 2013 at the age of 58. His death triggered a presidential election which was constitutionally obliged to be called within 30 days. Vice President Nicolás Maduro served as interim president following Chávez's death until 14 April, when he was officially elected.
Chávez was first elected as president in 1998 and was re-elected in 2000, 2006 and finally in 2012. However, Chávez was unable to be sworn in for a fourth term after the 2012 election due to his illness.
- 1 Illness and death
- 2 Reactions
- 3 Funeral
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Illness and death
Chávez was diagnosed with cancer in 2011. In 2012, following the presidential election in October, he was flown to Cuba for medical treatment only to return to Venezuela and stay at an army hospital weeks before his death. Announcements of his return and updates of his health followed criticism by the opposition that the people were unaware of the president's health and presence. During the first lung infection, near the end of December, doctors implanted a tracheal tube to ease Chávez's breathing, but breathing insufficiency persisted and worsened, the government said on 4 March. At 16:25 VET (20:55 UTC) on 5 March 2013, Hugo Chávez died in Caracas, almost 2 years after he was first diagnosed.
Vice-president Nicolás Maduro announced Chávez's death on state television. He said: "Let there be no weakness, no violence. Let there be no hate. In our hearts there should only be one feeling: Love." Maduro said Chávez died "after battling a tough illness for nearly two years." He added that police and troops would be deployed across the country "to guarantee the peace." The head of the presidential guard said Chávez died of a massive heart attack after great suffering and inaudibly mouthed his desire to live. In an interview to the Associated Press he said that Chávez could not speak but he said it with his lips ... "I don't want to die. Please don't let me die". The BBC reported isolated incidents of violence following the announcement of Chávez's death. Some attackers burned tents of a group of students demanding more information about Chávez's health, though no one was injured. Vice-president Maduro stated that he had "no doubt" foul play by "the historical enemies of our homeland" was behind Chávez's illness and death. Defence Minister Diego Morelo Bellavia said that the armed forces would remain loyal to the vice president and parliament and urged people to remain calm.
Thousands of people flooded the streets of the capital Caracas. Many cried and hugged in public shows of emotion. Women were weeping at Miraflores Palace. With a mixture of joy and sadness Chávez supporters shared their impressions after him a last farewell: "That man emanates a force forward and his face says my people.". People left work for the day upon hearing the news, shops and offices shut and cars and buses filled the streets.
Opposition leader and opponent in the 2012 election, Henrique Capriles, called on the government to "act in strict accordance with its constitutional duties." He also added his condolences to Chávez's family saying "we were adversaries, but never enemies". Acting President Nicolás Maduro said he believed Chávez was assassinated by Venezuela's "historical enemies" (widely assumed to mean the United States), and that a "scientific commission" would investigate this possibility. The US State Department denied any American involvement, calling the claim "absurd".
On the first anniversary of Chavez's death, tens of thousands of his supporters marched through cities across Venezuela. This was coupled with the 2014 Venezuelan protests featuring pro and anti-government demonstrations.
Reactions within the Americas by citizens occurred outside Venezuela's embassies in Honduras, El Salvador, Chile and Ecuador. Spanish citizens expressed their support and solidarity to the people of Venezuela, by concentrating on Wednesday afternoon in the vicinity of the Plaza Puerta del Sol in Madrid (capital), to express in slogans that "Chávez's legacy will remain far beyond of his death."
Latin America and the Caribbean
Bolivian president Evo Morales broke down in tears on television while paying tribute to Chávez; Morales decreed seven days of mourning after Chávez's death. Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff, who had cancelled a scheduled trip to Argentina to meet president Kirchner, led a minute of silence in Brasília. Rousseff decreed three days of mourning. Rousseff's predecessor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, also expressed grief. El Salvador president Mauricio Funes and Chilean president Sebastián Piñera both praised Chávez's strong character, and the Chilean government declared three days of national mourning for Chávez.
The Cuban Council of State decreed two days of official mourning, from 6 am on 6 March to midnight 7 March, and a third day of national mourning on 8 March. The presidents of Dominican Republic, Haiti, Uruguay and Ecuador both decreed three days of mourning for Chávez.
Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega declared seven days of mourning. Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos, Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto "lamented" the death of Chávez; The Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a press release expressing condolences and "our feeling of fraternity". Colombia ordered its 15 consulates in Venezuela temporarily closed to observe the days of mourning. Guyanan president Donald Ramotar, Guatemalan president Otto Pérez Molina, and the President of Suriname Desi Bouterse regretted losing a "friend". The Government of Suriname declared Friday a day of national mourning. Ramotar and Honduran president Porfirio Lobo praised Chavez for his contribution to regional integration; the National Congress of Honduras addressed a minute of silence.
Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica said that special arrangements would be made for an official tribute to Chávez. Uruguay announced that President José Mujica was in Argentina for a summit when Chávez died, but that he would fly to Caracas with Argentine President Cristina Kirchner to attend the funeral. Argentina declared three days of mourning Suriname declared Friday a day of mourning.
In Miami, some Venezuelans joyfully celebrated Chavez's death, and were cautiously optimistic of new elections for Chávez's successor; an estimated 189,219 Venezuelans live in the United States. United States President Barack Obama reaffirmed the support of the US for the Venezuelan people and its interest in developing a constructive relationship with the Venezuelan government. Former president Jimmy Carter complimented Chávez's commitment to improving the lives of Venezuelans. According to a statement posted at the Carter Center website, Carter and his wife Rosalynn "came to know a man who expressed a vision to bring profound changes to his country to benefit especially those people who had felt neglected and marginalized."
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, who chairs the African Union Commission, conveyed her condolence to the family, government and people of Venezuela. The organisation observed a minute of silence at the A.U. headquarters on 8 March during the celebration of the International Women's Day.
Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Gambian president Yahya Jammeh, Mauritanian president Mohamed Ould Abdelaziz, Sahrawi Republic president Mohamed Abdelaziz, South African president Jacob Zuma, Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir, Tanzanian president Jakaya Kikwete, all expressed their sorrow and offered their "deepest condolences". Gambia's president Yahya Jammeh proclaimed two national prayer days at mosques and churches for Chavez, on 8 and 10 March 2013. The Sahrawi government declared a day of national mourning.
Asia and the Middle East
Afghanistan president Hamid Karzai, President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev, Chinese president Hu Jintao and Communist Party of China general secretary Xi Jinping, deputy director-general of the Taiwanese Foreign Ministry Calvin Ho, Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh issued statements of "heartfelt condolences".
Pakistan president Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, President of the Palestinian National Authority Mahmoud Abbas, Turkmenistan president Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov Vietnamese leaders – including Party general secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, and National Assembly chairman Nguyen Sinh Hung – also expressed condolences; some lauded Chavez's achievements. Memorial services were scheduled to be held in Ramallah and other cities in the West Bank and senior Palestinian officials paid their respects at the Venezuelan Embassy in Ramallah. In Gaza City streets were decorated with Venezuelan flags and posters of Chavez. Hamas, the de facto government of the Gaza Strip, lauded Chávez as a "great leader"; The Syrian Arab News Agency paid homage to Chávez for taking "an honourable stance regarding the conspiracy against Syria". Iran declared a day of national mourning.
In the European Union, European Council President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President José Manuel Barroso said that they had received the news of Chávez's death with "sadness." French president François Hollande and British foreign secretary William Hague were "saddened". Irish president Michael D. Higgins sent condolences, Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams also paid tribute. Italian president Giorgio Napolitano ("painful") The Spanish government extended its condolences, as did Portuguese president Aníbal Cavaco Silva sent condolences, whilst Swedish PM Fredrik Reinfeldt stated that Chávez "undeniably affected his country and the entire region" and hoped for greater democracy and respect for human rights in Venezuela; Foreign minister Carl Bildt criticized his policies, saying that Chávez had "plunder[ed] the oil wealth of [his] country".
President of Russia Vladimir Putin and prime minister Dmitry Medvedev expressed their "sincere condolences" Russia would send a delegation consisting of Rosneft president Igor Sechin, Trade and Industry minister Denis Manturov, Rostec CEO Sergey Chemezov, Federation Council speaker Valentina Matviyenko and foreign minister Sergei Lavrov. Serbian president Tomislav Nikolić and prime minister Ivica Dačić sent condolences and lamented the loss of "a friend". The president's cabinet also announced that Hugo Chávez had been posthumously honoured with the Order of the Republic of Serbia Belarus declared three days of mourning
Australian Foreign Minister Bob Carr and New Zealand Prime Minister John Key expressed condolences "to the Chavez family and the people of Venezuela". However, Key, who was on a diplomatic trip to Mexico, Colombia, Chile and Brazil, did not attend the funeral although meetings had been postponed due to Latin American leaders attending, and was criticized.
Foreign minister Elías Jaua announced seven days of mourning for Chávez. He also said that Chávez's body would be taken to the Military Academy in Caracas on 6 March, where it would lie in state for three days, and it did, with so many Venezuelans joining the procession with a military band playing music as the cortege began its final stretch at the Heroes Avenue. A state funeral for Chávez was held in Caracas on 8 March. Acting President Nicolás Maduro originally stated that Chávez's body would be embalmed and permanently displayed in a glass sarcophagus at a military museum after the state funeral on 8 March. However, on 13 March Maduro announced that the body would not be embalmed, due to lack of preparation and the time that had passed. The Acting president extended the National Mourning for four days more, to eleven days, until the transfer of Chávez's remains to the Museum of the Revolution at Fort Montana where, in 1992, Chavez launched his attempted coup against the national government, and where it was to be interred permanently with full honors. After a final funeral mass and service, the funeral casket left the Academy grounds on 17 March to a 21-gun salute and final honors by the Academy Combined Corps of Cadets led by the Academy president, Divisional General Alexis Ascensión López Ramírez which ended with the casket being carried out of Fort Tiuna to the tune of the anthem of the Apure Braves 414th Armored Battalion, "Patria Querida" (Fatherland Beloved), by the massed military bands in attendance and sung by the cadets and representatives of the National Armed Forces's service arms while being escorted by the dignitaries while a missing man formation in his honor was done by Sukhoi Su-30 fighters of the Venezuelan Air Force, then afterwards a full funeral motorcade started from the Heroes Avenue to Fort Montana, Caracas, where the casket containing the remains was to be laid with a military band playing march music as the motorcade commenced. The motorcade was escorted by the Mounted Platoon of the Presidential Honor Guard Brigade at the starting points and later joined by many civilian motorcycle riders from all over Caracas and the people of the city. Upon the cortege's arrival, the Venezuelan National Militia gave its final full honors followed by the Presidential Honor Guard Brigade's final honors as the casket arrived. Acting President Maduro and Evo Morales, the President of Bolivia, plus Chavez's brother Adan and daughther Maria Gabiela then each gave speeches to everyone in attendance and the coffin was blessed before its interment. The Flag of Venezuela which covered the coffin was formally folded by several servicemen and turned over to Mrs. Elena Frías de Chávez, the late President's mother, by the Acting President himself on behalf of the entire nation.
There is an active proposal in the National Government to ask the National Assembly of Venezuela for a constitutional amendment to move the remains to be beside Simon Bolivar's at the National Pantheon of Venezuela, given the high demand of the people to have his remains stationed there with those of great Venezuelan patriots. In the meantime a 4-man squad from the Presidential Honor Guard Brigade stand guard over the tomb, which is above a José Vivas sculpture called Flower of the Four Elements and is changed every hour and a Venezuelan National Militia platoon stand guard over the old 19th century cannon at the barracks grounds every afternoon, firing it at the moment of his demise to honor his memory.
Foreign dignitaries who attended the state funeral ceremonies
|Heads of state and government|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Prime Minister||Baldwin Spencer|
|Argentina||President||Cristina Fernández de Kirchner|
|Aruba||Prime Minister||Michiel Godfried Eman|
|Colombia||President||Juan Manuel Santos|
|Costa Rica||President||Laura Chinchilla|
|Curaçao||Prime Minister||Daniel Hodge|
|Dominica||Prime Minister||Roosevelt Skerrit|
|Dominican Republic||President||Danilo Medina|
|El Salvador||President||Mauricio Funes|
|Equatorial Guinea||President||Teodoro Obiang|
|Guatemala||President||Otto Pérez Molina|
|Honduras||President||Porfirio Lobo Sosa|
|Jamaica||Prime Minister||Portia Simpson-Miller|
|Mexico||President||Enrique Peña Nieto|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Prime Minister||Denzil Douglas|
|Saint Lucia||Prime Minister||Kenny Anthony|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Prime Minister||Ralph Gonsalves|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Prime Minister||Kamla Persad-Bissessar|
|People's Republic of China||President's Special Envoy||Zhang Ping|
Mayor of Bogotá
|María Ángela Holguín
|Equatorial Guinea||First Lady||Constancia Mangue de Obiang|
|France||Minister of Overseas France||Victorin Lurel|
|Guadeloupe||Guadeloupe R.C. president||Josette Borel-Lincertin|
|Grenada||Foreign minister||Nicholas Steele|
|India||Corporate Affairs Minister||Sachin Pilot|
|Netherlands||Minister of State||Hans van den Broek|
|Portugal||Minister of State and Foreign Minister||Paulo Portas|
Federation Council Speaker
Trade and Industry Minister
|Sahrawi Republic||President's Special Envoy, Minister Delegate for Latin America||Hach Ahmed Baricalla|
|Spain||Crown Prince||Felipe, Prince of Asturias|
|Nicaragua||First Lady||Rosario Murillo|
|Syria||Minister of Presidential Affairs||Mansour Fadlallah Azzam|
|Turkey||Deputy Prime Minister||Beşir Atalay|
|US||Chargé d'affaires, Caracas
|James M. Derham
|Vatican City||Bishop of San Cristóbal||Mario Moronta|
|Vietnam||Deputy Prime Minister||Hoang Trung Hai|
|Heads of multilateral organizations|
|European Union||Head of delegation, Caracas||Antonio Cardoso Mota|
|Organization of American States||Secretary General||José Miguel Insulza|
|United Nations||Executive Secretary of ECLAC||Alicia Bárcena Ibarra|
|Inter-American Development Bank||President||Luis Alberto Moreno|
Argentinian president Cristina Kirchner was amongst the first heads of state to arrive in Venezuela on Tuesday 5 March. She visited the chapel at the military hospital to pay her final respects on Thursday before returning home, citing health reasons. Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff attended a wake on Thursday at the military academy before returning to Brazil on Friday morning. Former President Lula da Silva accompanied president Rousseff and departed before the funeral service.
Former Canadian prime minister Jean Chrétien and his wife Aline attended the funeral, along with former Colombian senator Piedad Córdoba, former Honduran president Manuel Zelaya, and former Paraguayan president Fernando Lugo.
Other attendees included Former US congressman William Delahunt, President of Russian Rosneft oil company Igor Sechin and CEO of Rostec Sergei Chemezov; Nikolay Lukashenko, son of the Belarus president; Alexis Tsipras, the leader of SYRIZA in Greece; from Spain were Cayo Lara and Willy Meyer Pleite (MEP). American civil rights activist Jesse Jackson and actor Sean Penn also attended.
Honour guards were provided by the cadets of the component service academies of the Venezuelan Bolivarian Military University and by personnel of the Presidential Honor Guard Brigade, among others. The Simon Bolivar Symphony Orchestra provided musical accompaniment during the state funeral services.
Analysis by foreign media
The BBC quoted analysts as saying his death could alter the balance against the so-called "pink tide" in favour of centrist governments. It also suggested a possible economic impact due Venezuelan oil sales at below market prices to some neighbouring countries, especially in the Caribbean. Americas Quarterly editor Christopher Sabatini suggested that the "Chavez myth" would outlive his achievements. Prior to his death, Venezuela's recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia were also highlighted as dependent on Chávez.
- "Nicolas Maduro Elected President", from Sky News
- "FOREIGN MINISTER: VP MADURO IS INTERIM PRESIDENT". Associated Press. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez dead, VP says". Fox News Channel. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Irene Caselli. "Venezuelans mourn President Hugo Chavez". BBC. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Sanchez, Fabiola (7 March 2013). "General: Heart Attack Killed a Suffering Chavez". ABC News. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- "President Chavez appoints Diego Morelo Bellavia as defense minister". Rnv.gov.ve. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "La emoción del pueblo que vio a Chávez: 'Haremos cumplir la Constitución junto a Maduro'". Noticias24. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Venezuelans pour into streets to mourn Hugo Chavez". The Miami Herald. Associated Press. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Maduro promises to investigate Chavez 'assassination'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon hails Hugo Chavez's work for poor". The Indian Express. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "People around world mourn Hugo Chavez". Global Times (China). Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "espanoles-se-concentran-en-madrid-en-solidaridad-al-pueblo-venezolano". telesurtv.net. Retrieved 9 March 2013.
- "Press Releases :: E-074/13". OAS. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Orsi, Peter (5 March 2013). "Chavez death echoes with leftists worldwide". The Miami Herald. Associated Press. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Watts, Jonathan (6 March 2013). "Tributes to Hugo Chávez flow from South American leaders". The Guardian (Buenos Aires). Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Brasil decreta tres días de duelo nacional en por muerte de Chávez". La Segunda (in Spanish) (BRASILIA). Agencia EFE. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Brazil's Rousseff says Chavez's death 'irreparable loss'". The Globe and Mail. Agence France-Presse. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "U.S. politicians, world leaders react to the death of Hugo Chavez". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Reaction to the death of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez". Reuters. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Gobierno de Chile decretó tres días de duelo nacional por muerte de Hugo Chávez". Radio Cooperativa (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Cuba declara duelo oficial y nacional por fallecimiento del Presidente Chávez" (in Spanish). Havana. Venezolana de Televisión. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. "DECLARA EL CONSEJO DE ESTADO DUELO OFICIAL Y DUELO NACIONAL Con motivo del fallecimiento del compañero Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, Presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, el Consejo de Estado de la República de Cuba ha decretado lo siguiente: Primero: Declarar Duelo Oficial a partir de las 6:00 a.m. del día 6 de marzo, hasta las 12:00 de la noche del día 7 de marzo. Segundo: Declarar Duelo Nacional el día 8 de marzo. Mientras esté vigente el Duelo Oficial, la bandera nacional será izada a media asta en los edificios públicos y establecimientos militares. Durante la vigencia del Duelo Nacional, quedan suspendidos todos los espectáculos públicos y actividades festivas."
- "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez dies". CNN. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez dies" (in Spanish). Estrategia y Negocios. Agence France-Presse. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. "El presidente de Haití, Michel Martelly, decretó tres días de duelo nacional desde este miércoles tras la muerte de su colega venezolano Hugo Chávez, a quien calificó como "un hermano más que un amigo". "El presidente Hugo Chávez fue uno de los mayores partidarios que Haití haya tenido. Nunca perdió la oportunidad de recordar su amor por Haití. Era más que un amigo, un hermano", dijo Martelly desde el palacio presidencial, ante todo el gobierno y el embajador de Venezuela en Puerto Príncipe."
- "Uruguay decreta tres días de duelo por la muerte del presidente venezolano". El Nacional (in Spanish) (Agencia EFE). 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Gobierno de Nicaragua decreta siete días de Duelo Nacional por fallecimiento de Presidente Chávez" (in Spanish). El 19 Digital. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013. "El Gobierno del Presidente Daniel Ortega y la Compañera Rosario Murillo, decretó siete días de Duelo Nacional por el fallecimiento en Caracas del líder bolivariano, Comandante Hugo Chávez Frías."
- "'Lamento profundamente la muerte del Presidente Chávez': Presidente Santos". Presidencia Colombiana. Agence France-Presse. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Lamento el fallecimiento del Presidente Hugo Chávez. Mis más sentidas condolencias a su familia y al pueblo venezolano." (in Spanish). twitter. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "EL GOBIERNO DE MÉXICO EXPRESA CONDOLENCIAS POR EL FALLECIMIENTO DEL PRESIDENTE CHÁVEZ" (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Chavez was great friend of Guyana". Stabroek News. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Presidente Pérez Molina exalta figura política de gobernante Hugo Chávez" (in Spanish). CGobierno de Guatemala. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Honduras lamenta profundamente la muerte de Chávez" [Reaction to the death of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez]. La Prensa. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "T&T PM: Chavez broke new ground". Stabroek News. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Jamaica Parliament pays tribute to Chavez". Stabroek News. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Cristina llégo a Caracas y hay tres días de duelo" (in Spanish). Infonews. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Cristina Kirchner decretó tres días de duelo y viajará a Caracas". La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the death of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez Frías – Prime Minister of Canada". pm.gc.ca. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Christine Armario; Gillian Flaccus; Claudia Torrens; Steve LeBlanc (6 March 2013). "Chavez Death: Venezuelans in U.S. Hopeful of Change". Associated Press. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
Vanessa Rodriguez (8 March 2013). "After Hugo Chavez's Death, Venezuelan Expatriates Ponder a Return to Homeland". Fox News Channel. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
Tom Watkins (6 March 2013). "U.S. reaction to Chavez's death: from mourning to celebration". CNN. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
"Venezuelans celebrate Hugo Chavez's death in South Florida". The Miami Herald. 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
"Venezuelans in Miami React To Chavez's Death". ABC News. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Carter statement lauds Chavez". The Washington Times. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Message of Condolence on the passing of President Hugo Chavez Frias". African Union. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "African Union Commission Observes Minutes of Silence for late President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela at celebration of International Women's Day". African Union. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- Algerian president pays tribute to late Hugo Chavez. Xinhua News Agency. 7 March 2013.
- Gambia sends condolence to Venezuela on Chavez’s demise. The Daily Observer, 7 March 2013
- Venezuela: Mauritanian president consoles Venezuela on Hugo Chavez. Actualité Economie Finances Sports. 8 March 2013.
- "President of Republic expresses his 'sincere condolences' to the Vice President of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro following the death of Hugo Chavez". SPS. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Sapa (2 February 1999). "Zuma sends condolences to Venezuela". Times LIVE. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Hugo Chavez: Global reaction". BBC News. 6 March 2013.
- "Kikwete mourns Chavez". Daily News (Tanzania). 7 March 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Minister for Latin America represents President of Republic in Chávez funeral". SPS. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "President Karzai Calls Hugo Chavez death a great loss – Office of the President". President.gov.af. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Armenian President offers condolences on Hugo Chávez death". PanArmenian.net. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Venesuela Bolivar Respublikasının Vitse-prezidenti Zati-aliləri cənab Nikolas Maduro Morosa" (in Azerbaijani). president.az. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "China expresses condolences on Chavez's death". Global Times. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Taiwan mourns death of Venezuela's president". focustaiwan.tw. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Manmohan Singh condoles death of Hugo Chavez". DNA. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Khoury, Jack (6 March 2013). "Palestinians grieve over death of Venezuela's Hugo Chavez". Haaretz.
- "President of Turkmenistan expresses his condolences over the death of President of Venezuela Hugo Chavez". Turkmenistan.gov.tm. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Việt Nam chia buồn với Venezuela". Tuoi Tre. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- Thousands of Palestinians pay tribute to Chavez. Al Akhbar. Originally published by Agence France-Presse. 7 March 2013.
- "Damascus hails 'honourable' Chavez stance on conflict". FRANCE 24. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Iran declares day of mourning for anti-US ally Chavez". Reuters. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Reactions to Death: Chávez Showed 'Will to Fight for Justice'". Der Spiegel. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Hollande: Chavez a «profondément marqué l’histoire de son pays»", Libération, 6 March 2013
- "Politicians pay tribute to Chavez". Irish Independent. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Prima Pagina News – Morte Chavez, messaggio di cordoglio di Napolitano". Primapaginanews.it. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "038-2013. FALLECIMIENTO DE HUGO CHÁVEZ" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación de España. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Presidente da República enviou condolências (President of the Republic expressed condolences in letter". Presidencia.pt. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Reinfeldt hoppas på förändring". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 7 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Bildt, Carl (6 March 2013). "Hugo Chavez was undoubtedly a charismatic and strong leader, but his policies led his country astray with grave economic consequences.". Twitter. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Bildt, Carl (6 March 2013). "Venezuela must get clear and credible democratic rule in the post-Chavez phase that has just started.". Twitter. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Putin sends condolences to Venezuelan people over Chavez's death". The Voice of Russia. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Medvedev sends condolences to Venezuela over Chavez's death". The Voice of Russia. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Sechin, Manturov, Chemezov to represent Russia at Chavez's funeral". The Voice of Russia. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Info – Serbia honors Chavez with state decoration". B92. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Isolated Belarus mourns death of "brother" Chavez". MINSK. Reuters. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Carr extends condolences to Venezuela". couriermail.com.au. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- ANDREA VANCE (7 March 2013). "Chavez's death delays Key trade talks". Stuff.co.nz (BOGOTA).
- "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez dies". breaking news. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Bajak, Frank (5 March 2013). "Hugo Chavez, Fiery Venezuelan Leader, Dies at 58". ABC News. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Kraul, Chris (5 March 2013). "Venezuelan strongman Hugo Chavez dead after struggle with cancer". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Maduro: Chavez body to be permanently displayed". NBC News. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Hugo Chávez's body to be embalmed and displayed 'eternally'". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Venezuela says embalming of Chavez' body 'unlikely'". BBC News. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- "Venezuela extiende duelo nacional por muerte de Comandante Chávez". teleSUR-TSJ/MM (in español). 13 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- "Hugo Chavez Funeral – Live Coverage". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Hans van den Broek naar begrafenis Chávez | ThePostOnline". Politiek.thepostonline.nl. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Ahmadinejad, Lukashenko Head for 'Brother' Chavez's Funeral". RIA Novosti. 7 March 2013.
- "All Set For Chavez's Funeral - Cuba's Havana Times.org". Havanatimes.org. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Santos, Petro y Córdoba, entre los que asistirán al funeral de Chávez". Eltiempo.com. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Press, Associated (7 March 2013). ""Government leaders planning to attend Hugo Chavez's state funeral in Venezuela on Friday", from ''The Washington Post''". The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "El Presidente asiste a los actos fúnebres de Hugo Chávez". guineaecuatorialpress.com. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Ahmadinejad arrives in Caracas for Chavez funeral". Press TV. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Presidente Daniel Ortega llegó a Venezuela para rendir homenaje a Chávez". Venezuelan News Agency. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- Gardner, Simon. "Mourning Venezuelans parade Chavez's coffin, prepare for vote". Reuters. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- – 8 March 2013
- ""Presidente y Canciller viajan hoy a Caracas para funeral de Chávez", from ''El Heraldo'' (Spanish)". Elheraldo.co. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Sachin Pilot attending Chavez's funeral". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Netherlands offers condolences to Venezuela". Government of the Netherlands. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Paulo Portas está em Caracas para o funeral de Chávez". Expresso. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Venezuela Bids Farewell to President Chavez | RIA Novosti". En.ria.ru. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "U.S. sending low-profile delegation to Chavez funeral". GlobalPost. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- Syrian Arab News Agency: SANA, Damascus Syria – syria news (10 March 2013). "Syrian Arab news agency – SANA – Syria : Syria news ::". Sana-syria.com. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Turkish Deputy PM:Chavez's Death Shook Latin America". Turkishny.com. 9 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Monseñor Mario Moronta en el funeral de estado del Presidente de Venezuela | Diócesis de San Cristóbal". Diocesisdesancristobal.org. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Emotional Cristina Fernandez back in Argentina misses Chavez funeral ceremony". MercoPress. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Brazilian leftist Rousseff distances herself from Chavez". Reuters. 9 March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Chrétien among eclectic mix of dignitaries, leaders who attended Chavez funeral". The Globe and Mail. 8 March 2013.
- "Cayo Lara y Willy Meyer viajan a Caracas para asistir en representación de Izquierda Unida al funeral de Hugo Chávez | IZQUIERDA UNIDA". Izquierda-unida.es. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Brock Keeling (8 March 2013). "Sean Penn, Rev. Jesse Jackson Attend Hugo Chavez's Funeral". SFist. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "Heads of State gather for Hugo Chavez funeral". NBC News. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
- "Chavez myth will outlive his achievements". CNN. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Succession of Chavez also affects Abkhazia and South Ossetia". Taklama. 16 January 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Funeral of Hugo Chávez.|