Death and state funeral of Néstor Kirchner

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Death and state funeral of Néstor Kirchner
Exequias de Néstor Kirchner en Casa Rosada.jpg
State funeral of Néstor Kirchner at Casa Rosada
Date 27–29 October 2010
Location Casa Rosada, Buenos Aires
Participants President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, various dignitaries nation and worldwide

Argentina’s former President and 1st Secretary General of the Union of South American Nations, Néstor Kirchner, died of heart failure on the morning of 27 October 2010 at the Jose Formenti hospital in El Calafate, Santa Cruz Province at the age of 60.[1] Efforts to revive him were unsuccessful.[2] His wife, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, was present with him when he died.[3] He was also expected to run for president in 2011.[4]

He had two coronary interventions earlier that year. On 7 February 2010, he developed problems with the common carotid artery and needed surgery.[5] On 11 September 2010, he was hospitalized due to coronary artery blockage and needed an angioplasty.[6]

For more than 24 hours, hundreds of thousands of people filed past Kirchner’s body lying in state,[7] in a state funeral at the Casa Rosada attended by several Argentine personalities and eight South American leaders.[8] Starting 29 October afternoon, a massive popular procession accompanied the remains of Néstor Kirchner from Casa Rosada to the metropolitan airport,[9] and then from the airport of Río Gallegos to the cemetery.[9]

Funeral[edit]

Citizens along Avenida de Mayo, waiting to enter Casa Rosada to pay homage to Néstor Kirchner. The sign reads "Néstor with Perón. The People with Cristina".

His private funeral was attended by his family and close friends. A state funeral was held on 28 October 2010, while a vigil was kept at the Casa Rosada presidential palace in Buenos Aires, starting on the morning of 28 October, with the attendance of Latin American leaders.[8]

President Cristina Kirchner and her two children, Máximo and Florencia, also attended the funeral services. Presidents Evo Morales, José Mujica, Sebastián Piñera, Fernando Lugo, Rafael Correa, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Juan Manuel Santos and Hugo Chávez joined her at the wake.[10][11] Opposition party leaders and other notable people from the fields of arts, entertainment, and professional sports also paid tribute to Kirchner’s political savvy by attending his funeral, among tens of thousands of Argentine private citizens that waited in line to enter the Latin American patriots hall, where Néstor Kirchner’s body stood in state.[12]

Tens of thousands of people, in a demonstration of popular grief and support for president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, spontaneously gathered at Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires, on the night of 27 October. Thousands of them spent the night in the open waiting for the state funeral to take place[13] There were posters bearing the slogan "Néstor forever, hang in there Cristina." Mourners and supporters waved hundreds of banners and chanted slogans as they waited to file past Kirchner’s body lying in state.

People waited in line to get into the Casa Rosada.[7][14] Starting on the afternoon of 29 October, a massive popular procession accompanied the remains of Néstor Kirchner from Casa Rosada to the metropolitan airport.,[9] and then from the airport of Río Gallegos to the cemetery. Kirchner was buried in a private ceremony, attended only by his wife, family, and Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, who had remained with the President’s family throughout the mourning period in Argentina.[9]

Reactions[edit]

Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo tribute to Néstor Kirchner.

Domestic[edit]

Representatives of various parts of the political spectrum[15][16][17][18] and institutions at odds with his political persona[19] expressed condolences over the country’s and the widow’s loss, and solidarity with president Fernández de Kirchner.[20][21][22][23]

Estela Barnes de Carlotto, president of Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo said: "Our country needed this man. We lost someone indispensable."[24] Pino Solanas said: "He was a great president, he made an excellent administration. He was one in a million fighter politician."[25] His former Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers Alberto Fernández said: "He’s been the best President of Democracy. I’ve lost a friend, above all differences."[26] CGT Secretary General Hugo Moyano said "The people will recognize the continuing government effort Kirchner inaugurated in 2003."[27] Emilio Persico of the Evita Movement said, "There will be a demonstration to honor Kirchner and to show Cristina that we’re with her, supporting her. In these days we’ll be demonstrating in the streets that we are millions who will replace Kirchner."[4]

Argentina declared three days of national mourning.[28] All Argentinian football league games were postponed until the following week.[29]

International[edit]

Cristina Kirchner is joined by Diego Maradona and Evo Morales of Bolivia

Many leaders around the world sent condolences to his widow, president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and to the rest of Argentina.

Supranational bodies

Condolences came from the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon,[30] the European Union’s president of European Council Herman Van Rompuy and the president of the European Parliament Jerzy Buzek.[30] The OAS underlined his "tireless efforts and dedication towards Human Rights promotion through the hemisphere,"[31] while UNASUR declared three days of national mourning in all South American countries.[32] The group issued a statement that read: "The death of Néstor Kirchner deprives Latin America of a key leader in the building of an inclusive region [...] He was convinced of the unity of Latin American peoples. He fought all his life for profound changes in his country and Latin America, and worked from different agencies for social justice, equity, democracy and integration". This statement also underlines his participation in "decisive instances," such as the 2010 Colombia–Venezuela diplomatic crisis and the 2010 Ecuador crisis, when he promoted the issuing of the democratic clause of UNASUR.[33]

Heads of state
Santos, Lula and Chavez with Cristina Kirchner

Eight South American Heads of State (Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, Sebastián Piñera of Chile, José Mujica of Uruguay, Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia, Fernando Lugo of Paraguay, Evo Morales of Bolivia, Hugo Chávez of Venezuela and Rafael Correa of Ecuador) traveled to Buenos Aires[34] and many other offered condolences including Barack Obama of the United States,[35] Queen Elizabeth II,[36][37] Felipe Calderón of Mexico,[38] Alan García of Peru,[39] Álvaro Colom of Guatemala,[40] Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua,[41] Dmitry Medvedev of Russia, Giorgio Napolitano of Italy, Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan, Aníbal Cavaco Silva of Portugal,[30] Bronisław Komorowski of Poland,[42] Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero of Spain.[43] and German Chancellor Angela Merkel[44]

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez,[29] Mexican president Felipe Calderón,[45] President of Chile Sebastián Piñera[46] and Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega all lauded his contributions to Latin America.[47]

Other state reactions
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner passing by her husband’s coffin, lying in state at the Latin American patriots hall of the Casa Rosada.

Eight South American countries, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Uruguay, Paraguay, Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia, declared three days of national mourning, while Peru declared one day of national mourning.[48]

The government of Brazil issued a statement saying: "His role in the economic, social and political recovery of his country was remarkable, as his commitment in the struggle for the South American integration."[49] Current president and former Chief of Staff of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff, expressed her grief and said "Latin America and the whole world is mourning. Kirchner was a great friend of Brazil".[50]

A communiqué issued by Venezuela’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs read: "The glorious history of the Argentine Republic now has a Before and After Néstor Kirchner, because of the clear leadership, courage, and unyielding determination of this faithful heir of the late Juan Domingo Perón, with whom Argentina rose from the ashes by limiting neoliberal capitalism, retaking its permanent place among free and independent nations."[51] Ecuadorian Minister of Foreign Affairs Ricardo Patiño said: "We are shocked. Néstor Kirchner was a very valuable man. He had his principles above anything else. He was passionate about politics, and he was a driving force for South American integration."[52] Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bolivia, David Choquehuanca, added: "Bolivia lost a man committed to his country, to his people. He stood up for the poor and worked for a more participatory democracy."[53]

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton described Kirchner as "an advocate for the citizens of Argentina and a leading voice for South American integration."[54] France’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Bernard Kouchner said: "He was a decisive figure in Argentine history. Argentina lost a statesman who collaborated in the development of his country, its economic recovery and the growth of its international standing [...] He was one of the architects of Latin American regional integration."[30]

The government of China issued a statement saying "Kirchner was a good friend of the Chinese people and greatly contributed to the development of the China-Argentina strategic partnership."[55]

Consequences[edit]

Despite not being president at the time of his death, Néstor Kirchner was involved in the management of his wife’s government. Moreover, he managed most things personally, rather than delegating tasks to subordinates. As a consequence, his death forced a complete rearrangement of Cristina’s administration: although no ministers were removed, they changed their specific tasks.[56]

Julio de Vido was in charge of negotiating with Hugo Moyano, Pablo Moyano and the CGT. Moyano admitted that his relation with Néstor Kirchner was easier than with Cristina. The negotiations with the local politicians in the Greater Buenos Aires were managed by De Vido, Amado Boudou and Florencio Randazzo. Boudou became a confidante of Cristina, but did not achieve autonomy for negotiations.[56]

The 2011 general election had a high number of precandidates. Pre-election polling suggested that voting would be divided between a government candidate, a Peronist candidate and a third one agreed by the UCR and the socialists. The Federal Peronism party considered Mauricio Macri, Eduardo Duhalde, Alberto Rodríguez Saá, Mario Das Neves, Felipe Solá and Carlos Reutemann. The UCR had Ricardo Alfonsín, Julio Cobos and Ernesto Sanz. The center-left had Hermes Binner and Pino Solanas, and Elisa Carrió ran with her own party. Most opposing candidates lost their social appeal after the death of Néstor Kirchner.[56]

The death of Kirchner generated as well a rise in the number of hawks within the government, mainly Amado Boudou, Juan Manuel Abal Medina and the Cámpora.[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Murió el ex presidente Néstor Kirchner" [Former president Néstor Kirchner has died] (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Clarín. 27 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Consternación por la muerte del ex presidente Néstor Kirchner (Spanish)
  3. ^ "Cristina lo acompañó hasta el final, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  4. ^ a b "Argentine ex-leader Kirchner dies — Americas". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  5. ^ "Internaron al ex presidente Néstor Kirchner en un sanatorio porteño". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  6. ^ "El ex presidente ya había sido intervenido dos veces en el año, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  7. ^ a b "Masiva despedida al ex presidente Néstor Kirchner". lanacion.com. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  8. ^ a b "Restos de Néstor Kirchner serán velados en la Casa Rosada,Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  9. ^ a b c d "La larga despedida unió la Capital con el Sur". lanacion.com. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  10. ^ "Llegan presidentes de la región para dar su adiós". La Nación. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  11. ^ "Entre lágrimas, Lula y Chávez brindan el último adiós a Kirchner". ambitoweb.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  12. ^ "Miles de argentinos despiden a Néstor Kirchner y brindan apoyo a la Presidenta". La Nación. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  13. ^ "El día en que compartir el dolor fue necesario". Pagina12.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  14. ^ "Miles de personas aún esperan para despedir a Kirchner en la Rosada". ambitoweb.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  15. ^ "Expresiones de profundo pesar en el mundo político, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  16. ^ "Repercusiones en todo el arco opositor con solidaridad y apoyo a la Presidenta, Clarín". Clarin.com. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  17. ^ "Conmoción entre los gobernadores, Página/12". Pagina12.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  18. ^ "La UCR expresó sus condolencias a Cristina, Página/12". Pagina12.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  19. ^ "La Iglesia y la Corte Suprema también expresaron su dolor, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  20. ^ "Empresarios destacaron la gestión del ex presidente, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  21. ^ "Conmoción por la muerte de Néstor Kirchner, La Nación". Canchallena.com. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  22. ^ "La televisión, adherida al duelo, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  23. ^ "El impacto en las redes sociales, La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  24. ^ Nuestro país lo necesitaba tanto a este hombre. Se fue alguien indispensable Dolor, Página/12[dead link]
  25. ^ http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/ultimas/subnotas/20-49996-2010-10-27.html
  26. ^ "Alberto Fernández: "Perdimos al mejor presidente de la democracia", La Nación". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  27. ^ "Según Moyano, "la mayoría del pueblo va a reconocer la obra iniciado por Kirchner en 2003", Clarín". Clarin.com. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  28. ^ "Tres días de duelo, Página/12". Pagina12.com.ar. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  29. ^ a b http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2010/10/20101028142837654981.html
  30. ^ a b c d "Líderes de todo el mundo lamentan el fallecimiento de Kirchner, El País". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  31. ^ "El recuerdo de Sudamérica y del mundo". página12.com.ar. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  32. ^ "Unasur declaró tres días duelo sudamericano por la muerte de Kirchner". ambitoweb.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-29. 
  33. ^ "Unasur: Kirchner "fue un convencido de la unidad de los pueblos latinoamericanos", Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  34. ^ Elocuente apoyo de los presidentes latinoamericanos
  35. ^ "White House Press Office". Whitehouse.gov. 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  36. ^ [1]
  37. ^ [2]
  38. ^ "Presidente mexicano define a Kirchner como principal promotor de la unidad latinoamericana, Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  39. ^ "Gobierno peruano define a fallecido Kirchner como una figura latinoamericana,Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  40. ^ "Guatemala manifiesta su pesar por la "irreparable" muerte de Kirchner, Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  41. ^ "Presidente de Nicaragua dice que Kirchner fue "un valiente hijo de nuestra América", Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  42. ^ "Kondolencje w związku ze śmiercią prezydenta Néstora Carlosa Kirchnera". Prezydent.pl. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  43. ^ "Gobierno español expresa "profundo dolor" tras muerte de Néstor Kirchner, Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  44. ^ Mensajes desde el mundo
  45. ^ "El señor Kirchner fue un interlocutor de excelencia y un promotor de la unidad latinoamericana, por lo que será siempre recordado en nuestro país con un gran afecto Presidente mexicano define a Kirchner como principal promotor de la unidad latinoamericana, Telesur
  46. ^ ...una gran pérdida para todos los países de América del Sur Piñera: Muerte de Kirchner es "una gran pérdida para todos los países de América del Sur", Telesur
  47. ^ Reconocemos en Néstor Kirchner a un valiente hijo de nuestra América comprometido con una política coherente con los derechos y anhelos de los pueblos y con el ejercicio de su plena soberanía e independencia Presidente de Nicaragua dice que Kirchner fue "un valiente hijo de nuestra América", Telesur
  48. ^ Nueve naciones suramericanas decretaron duelo nacional parar honrar memoria de Kirchner
  49. ^ Fue notable su papel en la reconstrucción económica, social y política de su país y su empeño en la lucha común por la integración suramericanaVenezuela y Brasil decretan tres días de duelo por muerte de Néstor Kirchner, Telesur
  50. ^ "Candidata Dilma Rousseff recuerda a Néstor Kirchner como el "gran amigo de Brasil", Telesur". Telesurtv.net. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  51. ^ La gloriosa historia de la República Argentina tiene ya en Néstor Kirchner un antes y un después, pues fue con la conducción clara, la valentía indoblegable y la determinación de este fiel heredero del gran Juan Domingo Perón, que la Argentina resurgió de las cenizas a las cuales quiso reducirla el capitalismo neoliberal, para reencontrar el sitio que por siempre tiene reservado en el campo de las naciones libres e independientes.Venezuela y Brasil decretan tres días de duelo por muerte de Néstor Kirchner, Telesur
  52. ^ Estamos tremendamente consternados, Néstor Kirchner fue un hombre muy valioso, tenía por delante los principios antes de cualquier cosa, apasionado por la política de entrega, un hombre impulsador de la integración Suramericana Gobiernos de Bolivia y Ecuador lamentan muerte de Néstor Kirchner, Telesur
  53. ^ Bolivia pierde a un hombre con compromiso con su país, por su pueblo. Él optó por lo pobres y trabajó por una democracia más participativa Gobiernos de Bolivia y Ecuador lamentan muerte de Néstor Kirchner, Telesur
  54. ^ "Passing of Argentina’s Former President Nestor Kirchner". State.gov. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  55. ^ China Expresses Condolences over Death of Former Argentine President
  56. ^ a b c d Un año de la muerte de Kirchner: claves de un punto de inflexión (Spanish)

External links[edit]

State Funeral and Popular Procession Photo Selection