List of prison deaths
This is a list of notable people who have died in prison, whether actually in prison or in hospital when still serving a prison sentence. In alphabetical order, this list does not include inmates who were executed as punishment of their crimes.
|Name||Date of death||Cause of death||Known for||Comments|
|Abu Abbas||2004||Natural causes||Militant|
|Jesse Anderson||1994||Beaten to death by fellow inmate Christopher Scarver||American murderer|
|Susan Atkins||2009||Natural causes||Member of the Manson family|
|Andreas Baader||1977||Suicide||Member of the Red Army Faction|
|Josef Bachmann||1970||Suicide||Attempted to assassinate Communist student leader Rudi Dutschke|
|Leslie Bailey||1993||Murdered by other prisoners||British pedophile and multiple murderer|
|Klaus Barbie||1991||Leukemia||Nazi war criminal|
|Steve Biko||1977||Bludgeoned to death by South African police||South African anti-apartheid activist|
|Heinrich Boere||2013||Natural causes||Nazi war criminal|
|Samuel Bowers||2006||Cardio-pulmonary arrest||American white supremacist|
|Walter Breen||1993||Cancer||American child molester|
|Ariel Castro||2013||Suicide||Kidnapped and raped three American women for over a decade.|
|Jeffrey Dahmer||1994||Beaten to death by fellow inmate Christopher Scarver||American serial killer and cannibal|
|Garry David||1993||Died from wounds caused by self-mutilation||Robbery and attempted murder|
|Byron De La Beckwith||2001||Heart attack||American assassin|
|Richard Chase||1980||Suicide||The Vampire of Sacramento|
|Albert DeSalvo||1973||Murdered||The Boston Strangler|
|Edarem||2012||Unknown||American Internet personality|
|Gudrun Ensslin||1977||Suicide||Member of the Red Army Faction|
|Clayton Fountain||2004||Heart attack||Member of the Aryan Brotherhood|
|Yuri Galanskov||1972||Death from an operation by a former doctor (another inmate) with no surgical qualifications||Russian poet, historian, and human rights activist, imprisoned for his writings|
|Kasturba Gandhi||1944||Natural causes||Wife of Mohandas Gandhi; fellow political protestor|
|John Geoghan||2003||Murdered by fellow inmate Joseph Druce||Catholic priest and child molester|
|Vincent Gigante||2005||Oxygen deprivation||American Mafia boss||Boss of Genovese crime family|
|John Wayne Glover||2005||Suicide (hanging)||Sydney Granny Murderer|
|John Gotti||2002||Throat cancer||American mafia boss|
|Ryan Gracie||2007||Died as a result of brain injury||Brazilian mixed martial artist|
|Emil Hácha||1945||Unknown||President of Czechoslovakia, later of the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia|
|Colin Hatch||2011||Suspected Homicide||Notorious murderer and child molester|
|Myra Hindley||2002||Died in hospital after heart attack in prison||British serial killer|
|Colin Ireland||2012||Died as a result of hip injury.||British serial killer of gay men|
|Ilse Koch||1967||Suicide (hanging)||Commandant of Buchenwald concentration camp|
|Ronald Kray||1995||Heart attack||British gangster and murderer, twin brother of Reginald Kray|
|David Lane||2007||Epilepsy||American white nationalist|
|Ervil LeBaron||1981||Natural causes||American Mormon fundamentalist|
|Robert Ley||1945||Suicide (hanging)||Nazi war criminal|
|Richard Loeb||1936||Murdered by fellow inmate||American murderer|
|Philip Markoff||2010||Suicide||American murderer||Known as the "Craigslist killer"|
|Andrew Martinez||2006||suicide||Nude activist|
|Ulrike Meinhof||1976||Suicide||Member of the Red Army Faction|
|Holger Meins||1974||Suicide||Member of the Red Army Faction|
|Slobodan Milošević||2006||Heart attack||Serbian and Yugoslav president|
|Tjostolv Moland||2013||Suicide||Sentenced to death for murder, and espionage for Norway||Died in Congolese custudy|
|Joe "Pegleg" Morgan||1993||Liver cancer||Mexican Mafia leader|
|Gavrilo Princip||1918||Malnutrition & skeletal tuberculosis||Yugoslav terrorist||Assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, beginning World War I|
|Richard Ramirez||2013||Cancer||American serial killer|
|Jan-Carl Raspe||1977||Suicide||Member of the Red Army Faction|
|James Earl Ray||1998||Hepatitis C||Accused assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr.|
|Jack Ruby||1967||Pulmonary embolism||American nightclub owner||
Murdered Lee Harvey Oswald
|Bobby Sands||1981||Hunger strike||Irish republican||Died along with 9 other Republicans on hunger strike. See 1981 Irish Hunger Strike|
|Harold Shipman||2004||Suicide by hanging||British doctor who killed many of his patients|
|Liu Shaoqi||1969||unknown||President of the People's Republic of China||wrongly named a traitor by Mao Zedong in the Cultural Revolution|
|Richard Speck||1991||Heart attack||American mass murderer|
|John Straffen||2007||British serial killer||Longest-serving prisoner in British legal history, was in prison for 55 years until his death|
|Robert Stroud||1963||Natural causes||The Birdman of Alcatraz|
|Anthony Van Egmond||1838||Pneumonia, malnutrition and exposure||Dutch war veteran and an early settler in the Huron Tract|
|Nikolai Vavilov||1943||Malnutrition||Russian botanist and geneticist who was imprisoned for his struggle against pseudoscience|
|Raoul Wallenberg||1947 or later||Extrajudicial punishment in Soviet Lefortovo prison||Humanitarian worker, rescued Jews during the Holocaust|
|Fred West||1995||Suicide by hanging||Multiple murders; was on remand awaiting trial|
|Graham Young||1990||Heart attack||Poisoner||Died in Parkhurst prison. Heart attack official cause but there has been speculation that other prisoners may have been responsible.|
- Pillay, Verashni (2007-09-12). "Keeping Steve Biko alive". News24. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
- Serial killer's property set to go on the auction block." CNN.com. May 8, 1996.
- Stout, David (2001-01-23). "Byron De La Beckwith Dies; Killer of Medgar Evers Was 80". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-31.
- Sidney Morning Herald: Granny killer found dead in cell.
- Pink News: Exercise yard fall contributed to death of Gay Slayer.
- The Leopold and Loeb Trial:A Brief Account by Douglas O. Linder. 1997. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- Rydland, Julie (29 August 2013). "Congo: Prisoner took his own life". The Norway Post. Aftenposten. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- Steven Morris (2007-09-20). "Serial Murder and the Psychology of a Sexual Sadist: Frederick West". New Criminologist. Retrieved 2009-01-18.