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Map of Debabarrena

Debabarrena is a region located in Guipuzkoa, Basque Country (Spain). It has an area of 180,3 km². On his south is the region of Debagoiena, and on his west the province of Biscay.

The cities which compose it are Eibar, Placencia de las Armas, Elgoibar, Mendaro, Deba and Mutriku. Eibar is the biggest one with about 28.000 habitants. The second biggest one is Elgoibar, with about 11.000 habitants and the other cities have less than 10.000 citizens.

Natural environment[edit]

Debabarrena is surrounded by many mountains, which are not very high. The higher ones have a height of around 800 metres. Urko (791 metres), Arno (612 metres) and Andutz (610 metres) are the highest ones. All the region is full of forests and prairies, and also has many rivers, most of them affluent from the Deba river, the most important in the region. These rivers are usually short rivers and have a high level of contamination, despite that the level of contamination has reduced in the last 30 years.

Mutriku's harbour view


Debabarrena is located in the centre of the Basque Country, which benefits the region's communications. The main highway is the AP-8, but also the AP-1, which passes through Eibar and communicates Debabarrena with Debagoiena.

The railway that communicates Bilbao and San Sebastian is also used in Deba, Mendaro, Elgoibar and Eibar mainly as a short-distance train. The harbours of Deba and Mutriku are not used for goods and passengers


The total population of Debabarrena is about 72.000 people. The city with most citizens is Eibar, with near 30.000 habitants. Elgoibar is the second biggest one with 10.000, and the other small towns less than 5.000. It is also important de rural population because of the basque farmhouses, which are very typical in the Basque Country.

The region had around 100.000 habitants in the 50's and 60's because of the big development on the industrial development and emigration that it attracted. But, the crisis of the 70's and 80's made a population decreasement.


The economy of the region is highly industrial, but the primary sector has a big importance. In the primary sector, the agricultural exploitation is very big, with around 1.000 exploitation lands, the majority of sheeps and bovinae livestock. The fishing is only remarkable in Mutriku.

The industrial is the primary activity in the region, and more than the half of the population works in that area. The industrialization was very important until the 21st Century, when sewing machines and bicycles were produced, but since then the metal industry has had a very big importance, together with automovile industry.

The services sector has also a lot of activity, with the 40% of population working on it. It is very remarkable in Eibar, and the tourism in Mutriku and Deba.