Debaltseve railway station
|Area||24.31 km2 (9.39 sq mi)|
|Elevation||308 m (1,010 ft)|
Debaltseve (Ukrainian: Деба́льцеве Debálʼtseve, Russian: Деба́льцево Debálʼtsevo) is a city in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. The city is situated on the eastern edge of Donetsk Oblast, and borders Luhansk Oblast. In January 2014, the population was estimated at 25,525. Since 18 February 2015, after the Battle of Debaltseve, the town is effectively administered by Donetsk People's Republic.
The city was established in 1878 when a Donetsk Railway station was opened. The town's railway station is a local landmark.
The city's population grew from about 9,500 in 1923 to about 34,000 by 1939. It dropped from 35,511 in 1989 to 30,246 in 2001, and dropped further to 25,987 by 2013. By February 2015, all but about 3,000 civilians had fled due to the War in Donbass.
War in Donbass
Starting in mid-April 2014, pro-Russian separatists established control of a significant part of Donetsk Oblast, including Debaltseve. On 26 July 2014 the city saw heavy fighting. On July 28, 2014, Ukrainian forces recaptured control of Debaltseve from Donbass separatists. In January 2015, Debaltseve, located in a pocket of Ukrainian control, came under heavy bombardment from the separatists' forces. The population was partially evacuated. The Ukrainian forces left Debaltseve on 18 February 2015, as rebel forces seized control of the city.
According to the 2001 population census, the ethnic composition of Debaltseve was:
- Державний комітет статистики України. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2014 року, Київ-2013 (pdf)
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- Ukrainian forces take over Debaltseve, Shakhtarsk, Torez, Lutuhyne, fighting for Pervomaisk and Snizhne underway, Kyiv Post, July 28, 2014.
ATO forces take over Debaltseve, Shakhtarsk, Torez, Lutuhyne, fighting for Pervomaisk and Snizhne underway - ATO press center, Interfax-Ukraine (28 July 2014)
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- RIA Novosti, 18 February 2015
- "Ukrcensus.gov.ua". ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
- Ethnic composition of Donetsk region(Ukrainian)