Debashis Mukherjee

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Debashis Mukherjee
At the 12th ICQC in Kyoto, 2006
Born (1946-12-17)17 December 1946
Naihati, West Bengal
Residence India
Nationality Indian
Fields Chemistry, theoretical chemistry
Institutions Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science
Alma mater Presidency College, Kolkata, University of Calcutta
Known for Multireference Coupled Cluster Theories

Debashis Mukherjee is one of the pioneers of Modern Theoretical Chemistry, well known for his research in the fields of molecular many body theory, theoretical spectroscopy, finite temperature non-perturbative many body theories. Mukherjee has been the first to develop and implement a class of many-body methods for electronic structure which are now standard works in the field. These methods, collectively called multireference coupled cluster formalisms, are versatile and powerful methods for predicting with quantitative accuracy the energetics and cross-sections of a vast range of molecular excitations and ionization. A long-standing problem of guaranteeing proper scaling of energy for many electron wave-functions of arbitrary complexity has also been first resolved by him. He has also been the first to develop a rigorously size-extensive state-specific multi-reference coupled cluster formalism, and its perturbative counterpart which is getting increasingly recognized as a very promising methodological advance. The attractive aspects of Mukherjee's formalisms are compactness and high accuracy. These are now accepted as pioneering and standard works in the field. which has attracted wide international attention. He has also developed a rigorous finite-temperature non-perturbative field theory to study thermodynamics of strongly interacting many body systems, which is now being applied extensively to study dynamics of vibronic coupling at finite temperature.

Mukharjee has coauthored more than 200 papers on various aspects of theoretical chemistry and edited Aspects of Many-Body Effects in Molecules and Extended Systems, Lecture Notes in Chemistry, Vol. 50 (Springer Verlag, 1989) and Applied Many-Body Methods in Spectroscopy and Electronic Structure (Plenum Press, 1992). He research interests cover the multi-reference coupled cluster theories, the general methodology in many-body theories and real- and imaginary-time quantum dynamics.

Academic background[edit]

  • Bachelor of Science with Honours in Chemistry, Presidency College, Kolkata. As an undergraduate, he won the Ashutosh Mukherjee Award of Presidency College, Calcutta for scoring the highest mark in the introductory examination, a feat usually achieved by a mathematics student.
  • Ph.D in Chemistry, University of Calcutta. He began his PhD work under the supervision of Professor Mihir Chowdhury, a fine spectroscopist and an inspirational teacher. He obtained his PhD from Calcutta University.

Research highlights[edit]

Molecular electronic structure and theoretical spectroscopy[edit]

Mukherjee has been the earliest developer of a class of many-body methods for electronic structure which are now standard and highly acclaimed works in the field. These methods, collectively called multireference coupled cluster (MRCC) formalisms, are versatile and powerful methods for predicting with quantitative accuracy the energetics of a vast range of molecular excitations and ionization.[1] The attractive aspects of the formalisms are size-extensivity, compactness and high accuracy. He also developed a linear response theory based on coupled cluster formalism (CCLRT),[2] which is similar in scope to the SAC-CI and done independently of it. It pioneered the use of a dressed hamiltonian for energy differences, which has since been used by others. A long-standing problem of guaranteeing size-extensive theories starting with arbitrary reference functions has also been first resolved by him which has attracted wide international attention. Many comprehensive papers on these topics have elicited much interest.

Quantum many-body dynamics[edit]

Mukherjee developed a general time – dependent perturbative theory which remains valid for arbitrarily large time range and is free from secular divergences Later, he generalized this in the many – body regime and formulated the first general time-dependent coupled cluster theory for wave functions of arbitrary complexity. First applications to photo-excitations and energy transfer were highly successful. The method should prove to be useful to study photo-fragmentation and dissociation processes.

Statistical field theory[edit]

Mukherjee has developed a rigorous finite – temperature field theory to study Statistical Mechanics of Many-Body systems. Unlike the traditional Thermofield Dynamics formulations, which maps a finite temperature theory to a zero-temperature one, the method has the advantage of working directly with the physical variables in the finite temperature range and is thus both more natural and compact. Applications on partition functions for strongly coupled correlated systems have shown promise of the method. A useful spin-off of the method is the combined use of time-dependent coupled cluster method and boson-mapping of stochastic variables to provide a rigorous and systematic cluster expansion method for monitoring quantum dynamics of systems strongly perturbed by colored noise.

Cummulant based quantum chemistry[edit]

Mukherjee has also formulated an electron correlation theory for strongly correlated systems by starting from a combination of reference functions using a generalization of the usual Ursell-Meyer cluster expansion. In order to achieve this, he developed a Wick-like reduction formula using the concept of generalized normal ordering for arbitrary reference functions. An important spin-off from the Generalized Wick’s theorem[3] had been the methods of directly determining the various reduced density matrices via generalized Brillouin’s theorem and the contracted Schrödinger equations. Mukherjee in collaboration with Werner Kutzelnigg developed such methods starting from his generalized Wick’s theorem.

State-specific multireference coupled cluster theory[edit]

Recently Mukherjee has developed a suite of state-specific many-body formalisms[4] like coupled cluster and perturbative theories which bypass the difficulty of the notorious intruder problem for computing potential energy surfaces. These methods do not share the shortcomings of the previously used Effective Hamiltonian formalisms applied to cases warranting a multireference description. The current applications of the methods clearly indicate the potentiality of the developments. This is considered a fundamental contribution to the molecular many-body methods, and it has attracted wide international recognition. This theory has been extensively implemented by the group of Henry F. Schaefer, III, who coined the name Mk-MRCC for this method. Currently, this is widely recognized as one of the most promising methods in Quantum Chemistry.

Relativistic coupled cluster theory[edit]

Mukherjee has developed one of the most versatile many-body methods which can predict with quantitative accuracy the energetics, hyperfine interactions and transition probabilities of heavy atoms and ions where relativistic effects are important. These are regarded as the state-of-the art contributions in this field. He has also formulated a highly correlated coupled cluster method for understanding optical activity in atoms generated by the Parity Violating Weak – interaction, which is one of the first theoretical formulations of this phenomenon.

Professional background[edit]

Debashis Mukherjee is currently Professor Emeritus at the Raman Centre for Atomic, Molecular and Optical Sciences at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, the oldest centre for scientific research in the whole of Asia. He served as a lecturer at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. Then, in 1978, he returned to Calcutta as Reader in the Department of Physical Chemistry at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) where he has stayed to this day. He rose through the ranks to Professor in 1985, and served as department Head. He has served as the Director of IACS from 1999 to 2008. He retired from IACS as a Chair Professor in 2010.

Academic distinctions[edit]

Mukherjee is a fellow of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. He is a recipient of the prestigious Humboldt Prize, the first Theoretical Chemist from India to be conferred this distinction. He has also received the Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemistry, and has been elected as its Fellow. He has been awarded the Fellowship of the Indian Academy of Sciences in 1987, and of the Indian National Science Academy in 1991. He became a Founder Fellow of the West Bengal Academy of Science and Technology in 1988. He is a founder member of the Asia-Pacific Association for THeoretical Chemistry (APATCC) and has been elected its fellow. He has also been awarded the prestigious Fukui Medal for his outstanding contributions in Theoretical Chemistry. He has also received the Senior Medal of the CMOA (Centre de Mécanique Ondulatoire Appliquée). He has delivered several named international lectures such as the Charles Coulson Memorial Lecture of the Centre for Computational Chemistry, University of Georgia and the Kapuy Memorial Lecture at the Eötvos Loránd University, Budapest apart for the several plenary talks and keynote addresses at important international theoretical chemistry meetings. He has many other honors and awards to his credit including the Jagadish Shankar Memorial Award and the Sadhan Basu Memorial Award in Chemistry from the Indian National Science Academy, and the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India.


  1. ^ D. Mukherjee and S. Pal, Use of cluster-expansion methods in the open-shell correlation-problem, Adv. Quantum. Chem. Vol 20 (1989), p. 291.
  2. ^ D. Mukherjee and PK Mukherjee, Chem. Phys., Vol 39 (1979) p. 325.
  3. ^ Normal ordering and a Wick-like reduction theorem for fermions with respect to a multi-determinantal reference state Chem. Phys. Lett., Vol 274, Issues 5–6, 15 August 1997, Pages 561–566
  4. ^ U.S. Mahapatra, B. Datta and D. Mukherjee, A size-consistent state-specific multireference coupled cluster theory: formal developments and molecular applications, J. Chem. Phys. 110 (1999), p. 6171.