# Decagon

Regular decagon
A regular decagon
Type Regular polygon
Edges and vertices 10
Schläfli symbol {10}
Coxeter diagram
Symmetry group D10, order 2×10
Internal angle (degrees) 144°
Dual polygon self
Properties convex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal

In geometry, a decagon is any polygon with ten sides and ten angles.[1] A regular decagon has all sides of equal length and each internal angle equal to 144°.[1] Its Schläfli symbol is {10}.[2]

## Regular decagon

The area of a regular decagon is: (with t = edge length)[3]

$A = \frac{5}{2}t^2 \cot \frac{\pi}{10} = \frac{5t^2}{2} \sqrt{5+2\sqrt{5}} \simeq 7.694208843 t^2.$

An alternative formula is $A=2.5dt$ where d is the distance between parallel sides, or the height when the decagon stands on one side as base. By simple trigonometry $d=2t\left(\cos\tfrac{3\pi}{10}+\cos\tfrac{\pi}{10}\right)$.

## Sides

The side of a regular decagon inscribed in a unit circle is $\tfrac{-1+\sqrt{5}}{2}=\tfrac{1}{\phi}$, where ϕ is the golden ratio, $\tfrac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}$.[4]

### Construction

A regular decagon is constructible using compass and straightedge:[4]

An alternative (but similar) method is as follows:

1. Construct a pentagon in a circle by one of the methods shown in constructing a pentagon.
2. Extend a line from each vertex of the pentagon through the center of the circle to the opposite side of that same circle. Where each line cuts the circle is a vertex of the decagon.
3. The five corners of the pentagon constitute alternate corners of the decagon. Join these points to the adjacent new points to form the decagon.

## Related figures

There is one regular star polygon, the decagram {10/3}, using the same points, but connecting every third points. There are also two compounds: {10/4} is reduced to 2{5/2} as two pentagrams, and {10/2} is reduced to 2{5} as two pentagons.

 A truncated regular pentagon {10/3} Decagram {10/2} or 2{5} {10/4} or 2{5/2}

### Petrie polygons

The regular decagon is the Petrie polygon for many higher-dimensional polytopes, shown in these skew orthogonal projections in various Coxeter planes: