December 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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December 12 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - December 14

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on December 26 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For December 13th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 30.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Other commemorations[edit]

  • Synaxis of the First Martyrs of the American land:

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Exactly when he lived is not known. However, his biographical information indicates that he existed between the 8th and 9th centuries. He originated from Constantinople, from a rich and noble family. He was patrician and strategies, Kibyrrhaiotai and then the Byzantine fleet. Arsenius himself was a Patrician (Patrikios) and Strategos of the Cibyrrhaeot Theme, and later of the Byzantine fleet. Once during a terrible storm the ships sank, and of all the soldiers, only St Arsenius was saved. After this he became a monk, and mortified his flesh by fasting, vigil and hardships.
  3. ^ By tradition St Ottilia was born blind and for this reason rejected by her family. She was adopted by a convent where she miraculously recovered her sight. Eventually she founded convents at Hohenburg (now Odilienberg) in Alsace in France and at Niedermünster in Germany.
  4. ^ "ST. EDBURGA was the disciple of St. Mildred, and succeeded her in the government of the monastery. The community had so greatly increased, that the new Abbess found it necessary to begin her administration with the erection of larger buildings for their accommodation. This she happily completed with the addition of a new church, dedicated to the Apostles St. Peter and St. Paul, to which she translated the relics of St. Mildred. St. Edburga lived to an advanced age, to the great profit of her spiritual daughters, and to the increase of her own merits before God. Her sacred remains are said to have been translated to Canterbury, together with those of St. Mildred."[11]
  5. ^ St Roswinda was probably St Ottilia's sister. St Einhild became Abbess of Niedermünster near Hohenburg.
  6. ^ Holy Patriarch Gabriel was born into the noble Raich family. In 1655 together with the Patriarch of Antioch he was present at the Council in Russia, convened by Tsar Alexei Michailovich for deciding the question of correcting the liturgical books. Having received in Russia generous alms for Serbia, which at that time was suffering distress, St. Gabriel returned to his country. But here he was accused of high treason and for his unwillingness to accept the Moslem faith he died in 1659 as a martyr.[17]
  7. ^ "St Dosifey (Barile, 1711), Metropolitan of Suchava and all Moldavia. (St Dosifey, a Romanian hierarch, lived and worked for a time in Galicia where he enshrined the relics of St John the New of Suchava at Zhovkva. He has been formally included in the list of All Saints of Galicia.)"[13]
  8. ^ The service to Saint Herman may be sung on December 12th, while December 13th was originally thought to be the day of his repose (due to an error in record keeping, December 13, 1836 was originally thought to be the day of Saint Herman's death, and because of the long-established tradition of celebrating his memory on this day, it has remained a feast day). In fact, November 15, 1837 is the anniversary of the death of Saint Herman.
  9. ^ He is also commemorated on the Synaxis of New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia, and on the Synaxis of the Saints of St. Petersburg.[20]
  10. ^ "Joel the Gardener (1939). December 13. A gardener by obedience, Hieromonk Joel was of a very friendly disposition and a kind monk who tended his orchard as if it were the garden of Eden, working it with prayer and trepidation. His elder was Schema-abbot Theodore, who lived in the desert. After his death Fr. Joel settled in his cell and lived there for several years. One night his elder appeared to him and said lovingly, "Go away from here, to the monastery" — and two days later he left, only for the other world. His elder called him to the heavenly "garden of Eden" and Fr. Joel was found dead. He was walking in his cell with a box of matches in his hand and suddenly died. Few people acquire such a righteous repose, for which Fr. Joel was ready. This was also very typical of the love Valaam monks had for one another — a love which extended even to the other world. It is considered God's favor when a monk dies on his obedience. An example would be a baker who dies with dough on his hands, as did St. Nicodemus the prosphora baker of the Kiev Caves. He was laid in his coffin without being washed, as a proof of his total obedience, for which he will be rewarded by God."[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Οἱ Ἅγιοι Εὐστράτιος, Αὐξέντιος, Εὐγένιος, Μαρδάριος καὶ Ὀρέστης. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ Martyr Eustratius at Sebaste. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m December 13/26. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἄρης. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀρσένιος ὁ Ἀσκητὴς ποὺ ἀσκήτευσε στὸ Λάτριο ὄρος. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Venerable Arsenius of Latros. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h December 13. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ἡ Ἁγία Λουκία ἡ Παρθενομάρτυς. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Virginmartyr Lucy of Syracuse. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i December 26 / December 13. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  11. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p.599.
  12. ^ Venerable Arcadius of Novy Torg. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Οἱ Ἅγιοι Νεόφυτος, Ἰγνάτιος, Προκόπιος καὶ Νεῖλος κτίτορες τῆς Ἱερᾶς Μονῆς Μαχαιρᾶ. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Venerable Mardarius the Recluse of the Kiev Caves. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Γαβριὴλ ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Πεκίου Σερβίας. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ St. Gabriel, patriarch of Serbia (1659). HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  18. ^ Venerable Nicodemus the Romanian. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  19. ^ Repose of the Venerable Herman of Alaska, Wonderworker of All America. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  20. ^ a b c d e f (Russian) 13 декабря (ст.ст.) 26 декабря 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  21. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.93.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἰουβενάλιος καὶ Πέτρος καὶ πάντες Ἅγιοι οἱ ἐν Ἀλάσκα. 13 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ VALAAM PATERICON.

Sources[edit]

  • December 13/26. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • December 26 / December 13. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • December 13. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 93.
  • December 13. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources