December 1910

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1910 : January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
December 31, 1910: Aviator John B. Moisant killed in fall from airplane
December 3, 1910: Neon lighting introduced at Paris Motor Show
December 31, 1910: Aviator Archie Hoxsey killed in crash hours later, after saying, "From what I hear, Moisant was careless.."
Neon lighting, invented by Georges Claude

The following events occurred in December 1910:

December 1, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

December 2, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Three days into Robert Falcon Scott's expedition from New Zealand to the South Pole, his ship, the Terra Nova, was nearly sunk by a hurricane.[4]
  • At meeting of the Council of Ministers in St. Petersburg, General Vladimir Sukhomlinov, the Minster of War, gave the Army's recommendation that northern Manchuria should immediately be annexed by Russia. Foreign Minister Sergei Sazonov and Finance Minister Vladimir Kokovtsov persuaded the Council to delay on an action that would have led to war.[5]
  • Born: Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer and author, in Great Barrington, MA (d.1991)

December 3, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The first multiple fatality airplane accident in history happened at Centocelle, near Rome, when Lt. Enrico Cammarota and Private S. Castellani became the 26th and 27th people to die in a plane crash.[6]
  • Voting began on elections for the British House of Commons, with 135 races decided on the first day.[7]
  • The Paris Motor Show commenced, where modern neon lighting was first demonstrated publicly by French inventor Georges Claude. Claude's neon-filled glass tubes opened a new era in signage and led to fluorescent lighting.[8]
Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910)
  • Died: Mary Baker Eddy, 89, American religious leader and founder of Christian Science.[9]
  • Died: John H. Barker, auto manufacturer and owner of Haskell-Barker Motor Company, and his wife, in an accident in Michigan City, Indiana. The Barkers' 14-year-old daughter, Catherine, was the sole heir to an estate of $30,000,000 "making her one of the richest girls in the world".[10]

December 4, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

December 5, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

December 6, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • An antitrust suit was brought in Detroit against the manufacturers of bathtubs and plumbing supplies. George W. Wickersham, the U.S. Attorney General, obtained an indictment against 16 firms said to have control of 35% of enamel, ironware, tubs, sinks and lavatories in the United States.[1][16]

December 7, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

December 8, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

Lasker
Jankowski

December 9, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Aviator Georges Legagneux became the first person to fly an airplane higher than 10,000 feet, reaching an altitude of 10,499 feet in a Bleriot monoplane while over the Pau airfield near Paris.[1][19]
  • Two members of the Cuban House of Representatives traded gunfire on a street in Havana. Sr. Molen died at the scene, and Gen. Sanchez Figuera was mortally wounded.[1][20]
  • A methane gas explosion at the Western Canadian Collieries mine in Bellevue, Alberta, killed 30 men out of 42 who had gone underground.[21]
  • The proposed state constitution for Arizona was adopted by a vote of 40–12 by delegates, and submitted for voter approval on February 9, 1911. A controversial provision, permitting the recall of judges, was included, but then removed after President Taft objected to it.[22]
  • Divide County, North Dakota, was established.[23]

December 10, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

December 11, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

December 12, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • U.S. President William H. Taft made three nominations to the U.S. Supreme Court on the same day, proposing Edward D. White for Chief Justice, and Joseph R. Lamar and Willis Van Devanter as associate justices.[1] White, an associate justice since 1894, was confirmed as Chief Justice "within less than an hour after his name was sent in", but "The speed with which the confirmation ... was accomplished surprised even staid old senators."[27]
  • Actors and actresses in silent films were regularly using profane and indecent expressions, perceptible only to lipreaders, according to a deaf education teacher who filed a complaint with the film censorship bureau in Cleveland. Mrs. Elmer E. Bates brought the matter to national attention after taking a Cleveland newspaper reporter on a tour of the city's theaters. The reporter, in turn, wrote down what she said that the actors were actually saying, "and at times the language was so vile that she had to stop".[28]
  • Perfume heiress Dorothy Arnold left her parents' apartment in Manhattan to go shopping. After leaving a book shop, the 25-year-old was never seen or heard from again. Her family waited until January 26 to allow police to make the case public, for fear that their daughter's disappearance would lead to a major societal scandal. Her father spent the rest of his life searching for his daughter, spending at least $100,000 on the case before his death in 1922. Numerous false sightings appeared for decades thereafter, as late as 1935 when she would have been 51, but no conclusive evidence was ever proven as to her fate.[29]

December 13, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Levi R. Lupton, an internationally renowned Pentecostal leader who was celebrated by his followers as the "20th Century Apostle of the Gift of Tongues", admitted to adultery in a letter to his "sisters" and "brothers" within the movement. Lupton said that he had "been sorely tempted and fallen" for an unmarried employee at the Mission headquarters in Alliance, Ohio, and that he had been forgiven by his wife.[30]
  • Born: Van Heflin, American film actor, as Emmett Evan Heflin, Jr., in Walters, OK. (d.1971)

December 14, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The U.S. Department of Justice announced that it would commence anti-trust proceedings against the "Electrical Trust", alleging that the General Electric and Westinghouse companies had signed agreements with 17 associations of smaller "manufacturers of almost every article employed in the use of electricity".[1][31]
  • Ten coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Greene Mine near Norton, Virginia. Two miners survived by breaking into an air pipe that led to the surface.[32]

December 15, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • New York's Ritz-Carlton Hotel broke a gender barrier when it permitted a woman to smoke in its dining room. "A horrified guest reported to the manger that a woman was smoking in public," wrote the Washington Post, and the manager broke with the custom, adding "I certainly should much prefer to see a woman smoking than drinking a cocktail." [33]
  • Bands of Bedouin warriors attacked and massacred Turkish officers at several military outposts.[1]
  • Born: John H. Hammond, American talent scout who advanced the fame of performers from Benny Goodman to Bruce Springsteen; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee; in New York (d. 1987)
  • Died: Joel Cook, 68, recently reelected U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania

December 16, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • In a battle at La Junta, Mexico, rebels won a victory over government troops.[1][34]
  • Died: Eli Perkins, real name Melville De Lancey Landon, 71, American humorist

December 17, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • U.S. Vice-President Sherman, in his capacity as President of the Senate, offered a new interpretation of quorum, calling a vote in which ment with 53 of the 94 Senators absent. Sherman's ruling, which was that if one state's Senator was present, then the other Senator from that state should be counted for a quorum, was thrown out two days later by a 37–17 vote.[1][35]
  • In Russia, all of the editions of five of that nation's newspapers were seized after the publication of a radical speech made in the Duma by Deputy Purishkevich.[1]

December 18, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Aviator Henry Farman set an airplane endurance record by remaining in the air for 8 hours and 13 minutes, while flying above the Étampes airfield in France. The previous record had been 6 hours, set by Maurice Tabuteau on October 28.[1] Flight magazine reported the event as taking place on Saturday, December 17.[36]
  • The New York Times Magazine reported that "The aeroplane and automobile have caused a new disease," citing reports from English physicians that "when men pass rapidly through the air, the pressure on the face from fast driving prevents the expulsion of poisoned air from the lungs. The carbonic acid gas is forced back into the body. Only a little of it can get away, because of the air pressing on the face. The gas is rebreathed and poisons the system." The suggested remedy was "a mouthpiece to be strapped to the face with tubes extending from it on either side to the back of the head".[37]

December 19, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • United Kingdom general election, December 1910: At the conclusion of voting in British parliamentary elections, the coalition government increased its majority. Of the 660 seats contested, the Unionists had a plurality (272, compared to the Liberals 271), but Prime Minister Asquith formed a coalition of Liberals, Irish nationalists and Laborites for a total of 398.[1][38][39]
  • Captain Yoshitoshi Tokugawa of the Japanese Army, who had trained in France, made the first flight of an airplane in Japan, taking off in a Farman biplane, and landing at a field near Tokyo. The site is now occupied by Yoyogi Park.[40]
  • Ten people were killed and 125 injured in a gas explosion at the Grand Central Station in New York.[1][41]
  • Born: Jean Genet, French novelist, in Paris (d. 1986)

December 20, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Aviator Cecil Grace departed from Swingate in his airplane in an attempt to win a prize of ₤4,000 (roughly $20,000) for the longest flight from England to a point in Europe. He was last seen flying into a fog, but never heard from again, nor was any wreckage found after days of searching.[42]
  • Hiram C. Gill, the Mayor of Seattle, Washington, was made subject to a recall election after a petition had been signed by 11,000 voters.[43][43] Gill was voted out of office on February 7.
  • The Servicio de Aviación Militar en Chile, forerunner of the Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aérea de Chile), was established under the command of Lt. Col. Pedro Pablo Dartnell.[44]

December 21, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Pretoria Pit Disaster: Three-hundred and sixty British coal miners were killed in an explosion at the Hulton Colliery Company, near Bolton. The blast at 7:50 in the morning, and the subsequent filling of the mine with carbon monoxide, killed all but three people in the No. 3 and No. 4 pits.[43][45]
  • At a factory on Bodine Street in Philadelphia, a fire killed 14 men and injured 40 others.[43][46]

December 22, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Twenty-one firemen were killed in Chicago after a building collapsed on them during a fire at the Union Stockyards. A monument was erected, in memory of the men, more than 93 years later in August 2009.[47] It was the single greatest loss of firemen in the United States until the September 11th attacks.

December 23, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • By a 108–20 vote, Spain's Congress of Deputies passed the "padlock bill" into law, barring the creation of any new religious orders for two years.[43] Debate ceased after the opposition said they would stop talking "out of pity for the stenographers". The Senate had approved the measure on November 4, 149–58.[48]
  • Ramon Barros Luco was inaugurated as the fourth President of Chile during the 1910 calendar year, preceded by the late Pedro Montt, the late Elías Fernández Albano, and Emiliano Figueroa.[49]
  • Died: Pierre M.F. Frederique, 44, Haitian journalist and statesman.

December 24, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • A fiery train crash at Kirkby Stephen, in northern England, killed 27 people. The "Scotch Express" was carrying 500 persons home from England to Scotland when it derailed [43][50]
  • China's National Assembly adopted a resolution denying the right of the Emperor to reject their demands for a democratic constitution. Two days later, the Assembly reconsidered after an edict was issued suggesting that the demands would eventually be granted.[43][51]
  • Died: Franz von Ballestrem, 76, former President of the German Reichstag (1898–1907)

December 25, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Texas Governor Thomas M. Campbell pardoned about 100 men, including the first pardon of 50 "friendless" prisoners who had been serving life terms. "Some have been in prison so long that their existence seems to have been forgotten," wrote one account.[52]
  • A Missouri Pacific Railroad train was held up by a Christmas Day bandit, who boarded at Leavenworth, Kansas, and then entered the Pullman car shortly after the train pulled out, moving on to the chair cars and the smoking car "until he had held up every passenger" [53]

December 26, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • Aviator Arch Hoxsey set a new altitude record for an airplane, ascending to 11,474 feet over Los Angeles.[54] Hoxsey flew over Mount Wilson on Thursday,[55] and was killed in a crash on Saturday.[43]
  • Died: Clara A. Swain, 76, first woman to travel as a medical missionary to the Orient.

December 27, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Northern Bank of New York and all its nine branches in New York City and deposits of almost $7,000,000 was closed by the State Banking Department after it was determined that its chairman, Joseph G. Robin, had diverted hundreds of thousands of dollars for his own speculation in the stock market.[43][56] Washington Savings Bank (New York) and Carnegie Trust Company, also operated by Robin, were closed two days later.[57] Biographer Thomas G. Riggio concluded that Robin was the inspiration for the protagonist in Theodore Dreiser's story "Vanity, Vanity" and for the character of Jay Gatsby in F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby.[58]
  • Died: Green McCurtain, 62, principal chief of the Choctaw Nation (1902–1910).

December 28, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • At the northern Korean city of Sonchon, a meeting between the Japanese Governor-General (Terauchi Masatake) and the foremost American Christian missionary (George M. McCune) was the occasion of a failed attempt to assassinate Terauchi. The Korean independence group Shinminhoe (New People's Association) was implicated, and Japan accused the missionary group of conspiracy. Hundreds of Koreans and foreign missionaries were arrested and held for more than two years. A group of 105 Koreans were convicted of treason and sentenced to hard labor. The incident, also called the "Christian Conspiracy Case", is referred to in Korean history as Paego-in sakkon, the 105-Man Incident.[59]
  • Died: Benjamin Pitman, 88, pioneer who invented the Pitman shorthand system and lobbied for simplified spelling.
  • Alexandre Laffont and Mario Pola were killed when their Antoinette VII monoplane collapsed in mid-air. The duo were flying from Issy-les-Moulineaux aerodrome to Brussels, Belgium, in an aviation tournament.[60] This was the second and final multiple fatality airplane accident in 1910 after the December 3 crash.

December 29, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Oklahoma City became the capital of Oklahoma at 8:40 in the evening, as Governor Charles N. Haskell signed the legislation while dining at an eating house at the Santa Fe Railroad train station at Guthrie, which had been the state capital since Oklahoma attained statehood in 1907.[61]
  • Sixteen employees were killed, and 13 injured, in a boiler explosion at the Morewood Lake Ice Company, near Pittsfield, Massachusetts.[62]
  • Born: Michel Aflaq, Syrian political theorist, founder of Ba'athism (d. 1989); Ronald Coase, British economist, Nobel laureate; and Konsta Jylhä, Finnish violinist (d. 1984)
  • Died: Reggie Doherty, 38, British tennis player who won four consecutive Wimbledon singles titles (1897–1900)

December 30, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • A nova (later referred to as DI Lacertae), was spotted in the constellation Lacerta, by Anglican minister and astronomer T.H.E.C. Espin, who was the first human to see the birth of the new star.[63]
  • Cornell University Professor Walter F. Willcox delivered his address, "The Change in the Proportion of Children in the United States and the Birth-Rate in France During the Nineteenth Century", to a meeting of the American Statistical Association in St. Louis. Citing the steady decline in the birth rate in the United States since 1870, Willcox said that, statistically speaking, if the trend continued, births would cease by 2015. Though recognized as hyperbole, the address made front page news as a talking point about what Theodore Roosevelt had described as "race suicide" (for the White race).[64]
  • Born: Paul Bowles, American author (d. 1999)

December 31, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • "America's two foremost aviators, John B. Moisant and Archibald Hoxsey, fell to death yesterday at widely separated cities," read a report the next day in the New York Times.[65] At 9:45 a.m. at Harahan, Louisiana, near New Orleans, John B. Moisant, fell out of his airplane from an altitude of 100 feet. Hours later, Archibald Hoxsey was told of Moisant's death before attempting a new altitude record in Los Angeles, and said to reporters, "From what I hear, Moisant was careless ... it is too bad, but accidents are liable to happen to all of us." After flying to an atltitude of about 7,000 feet, Hoxsey was at 800 feet when his plane suddenly plunged to the ground.[66]
  • Died: Marion Hedgepeth, 54, American outlaw

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (January 1911), pp32–35
  2. ^ "Oath Taken By Diaz", Washington Post, December 2, 1910, p1
  3. ^ "Miss Taft's Debut", Washington Post, December 2, 1910, p1
  4. ^ Elspeth Huxley, Scott of the Antarctic (University of Nebraska Press, 1977) p207
  5. ^ David Wolff, To the Harbin Station: The Liberal Alternative in Russian Manchuria, 1898–1914 (Stanford University Press, 1999) pp171–172
  6. ^ Henry Villard, Contact! The Story of the Early Aviators (Courier Dover Publications, 2002) p241; "The Fatalities of Flight", by Victor Lougheed, Popular Mechanics (August 1911) p173
  7. ^ "Unionist Gain of 3", Washington Post, December 4, 1910, p1
  8. ^ There is, as yet, no satisfactory primary source to the actual date on which Claude unveiled his neon lights at the 1910 Paris Motor Show. Many references give December 3, 1910, which was the starting date for the show. See Robertson, Patrick (1974). The book of firsts. C. N. Potter.  and also the Motor Show poster. Others give December 11; see Bloom, Ken (2004). Broadway: its history, people, and places : an encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-93704-7. .
  9. ^ "Mrs. Eddy Dead at Age of 89; Founder of Christian Science Yields to Pneumonia; Kept Secret for 12 Hours", Washington Post, December 5, 1910, p1
  10. ^ "Heiress to $30,000,000", Washington Post, December 6, 1910, p1
  11. ^ "Peace Parley Fails", Washington Post, December 5, 1910, p1
  12. ^ Year Book Australia, 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1987) p114
  13. ^ Cyprian P. Blamires, World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia (Vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, 2006), p233
  14. ^ "Commonwealth Old-Age and Invalid Pensions Schemes", by T.H. Kewley, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society (1953) p153
  15. ^ "Once Rich Man a Suicide", Washington Post, December 7, 1910, p1
  16. ^ "Indict Bath-Tub Men", Washington Post, December 7, 1910, p1
  17. ^ "Peru Attacked by Bolivia", Washington Post, December 8, 1910, p1
  18. ^ "Lasker Retains Chess Title", New York Times, December 9, 1910, p12
  19. ^ "Frenchman Up 10,499 Feet", New York Times, December 10, 1910, p6
  20. ^ "Killed in Duel at Havana", Washington Post, December 10, 1910, p1
  21. ^ "Bellevue and Hillcrest" (Alberta Culture and Multiculturalism) p20
  22. ^ Arizona Legislative Manual (2003 Ed.), pp6–7
  23. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), p480
  24. ^ "101,100,000 People Are Under Our Flag", New York Times December 11, 1910, p20
  25. ^ "200 Rebels Shot in Rio Mutiny", Washington Post, December 11, 1910, p1
  26. ^ There is, as yet, no satisfactory primary source to the actual date on which Claude unveiled his neon lights at the 1910 Paris Motor Show. Many references give December 3, the starting date for the show. See Robertson, Patrick (1974). The book of firsts. C. N. Potter. . Others give December 11; see Bloom, Ken (2004). Broadway: its history, people, and places : an encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-93704-7. .
  27. ^ "White Heads Bench; Named by Taft, Senate Confirms Him at Once", Washington Post, December 13, 1910, p1; Rebecca S. Shoemaker, The White Court: Justices, Rulings, and Legacy (ABC-CLIO, 2004) p18
  28. ^ "Object to Film Profanity", New York Times, December 13, 1910; "Says Pictures Talk Bad", Milwaukee Journal, December 13, 1910, p8
  29. ^ Helena Katz, Cold Cases: Famous Unsolved Mysteries, Crimes and Disappearances in America (ABC-CLIO, 2010) pp45-52
  30. ^ "'Apostle' Admits Sin", Indianapolis Star, December 14, 1910, p1; "Sect Leader Confesses", New York Times, December 14, 1910, p20
  31. ^ "Taft to Prosecute Big Electric Trust", New York Times, December 27, 1910, p1
  32. ^ "Ten Dead in Mine Disaster", New York Times, December 16, 1910, p5
  33. ^ "Permits Woman to Smoke", Washington Post, December 18, 1910, p1; "Woman Smoked in the Ritz-Carlton; Is This a Precedent?" New York Times, December 18, 1910, p14
  34. ^ "Rebels Win Battle", Washington Post, December 17, 1910, p1
  35. ^ "Sherman Counts a Quorum", New York Times, December 18, 1910, 5
  36. ^ "Foreign Aviation News". Flight: 1059. December 24, 1910. 
  37. ^ "A New Automobile and Aeroplane Disease", New York Times Magazine, December 18, 1910, p7
  38. ^ "Asquith's Majority 126", New York Times, December 21, 1910, p4
  39. ^ "Summary results of General Elections, 1885–1979", by David Boothroyd
  40. ^ "Tokugawa Goes to France, 1909", EarlyAviators.com
  41. ^ "Explosion Kills 10, Injures 125", Washington Post, December 20, 1910, p1
  42. ^ "No Trace of Cecil Grace", Boston Daily Globe, December 23, 1910, p1; "Nungesser and Coli Not Only Aviators Who Vanished Forever While Over Sea", Pittsburgh Press, June 16, 1927, p2
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (January 1911), pp159–162
  44. ^ Chilean Air Force history
  45. ^ "The Pretoria Pit Disaster", Lancashire Online Parish; "Pretoria Pit Disaster December 21st 1910", Bolton.org.uk; "300 Killed in Mine", Washington Post, December 22, 1910, p1
  46. ^ "12 Die Under Wall; Two Score Philadelphia Firemen Buried in Ruins", Washington Post, December 22, 1910, p1
  47. ^ Laura Enright, Chicago's Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Murderous Mobsters, Midway Monsters, and Windy City Oddities (Brassey's, 2005) p60; "25 Killed at Fire", Washington Post, December 23, 1910, p1
  48. ^ "'Padlock Bill' Now Law", Indianapolis Star, December 24, 1910, p1
  49. ^ History of Chile, by Luis Galdames (Isaac Joslin Cox, translator), (Russell & Russell, 1964)
  50. ^ "27 English Train Victims", New York Times, December 27, 1910, p4
  51. ^ "Chinese Reformers Pacified by Throne", New York Times, December 27, 1910, p4
  52. ^ "Christmas Pardons For 100", New York Times, December 18, 1910, pC-11
  53. ^ "Robs 100 On Train", Washington Post, December 26, 1910, p1
  54. ^ "Aero Up 11,474 Feet", Washington Post, December 27, 1910, p1
  55. ^ "Over Peak in Aero", Washington Post, December 30, 1910, p1
  56. ^ "Bank Doors Closed", Washington Post, December 28, 1910, p 1
  57. ^ "Robin Indicted; Looted Bank Shut", New York Times, December 30, 1910, p1
  58. ^ William Blazek and Laura Rattray, "21st-century readings of Tender is the night" (Liverpool University Press, 2007) p 45
  59. ^ "Hundred and Five, The Case of the The", Keith Pratt, Korea: A Cultural and Historical Dictionary (Routledge, 1996) p172
  60. ^ EarlyAviators.com
  61. ^ "Signs Bill in Restaurant", Washington Post, December 30, 1910, p1; "Moving the Capital", Muskogee Times-Democrat, December 30, 1910, p1; "The Removal of the State Capital", by Fred P. Branson, Chronicles of Oklahoma, Vol. 31, p15 (1953)
  62. ^ "Boiler Explosion Kills 16", New York Times, December 30, 1910, p6
  63. ^ Astrophys. J. 33:410–417 (1911) "New Star on Milky Way", Washington Post, January 15, 1911, p47
  64. ^ "Babies Extinct in 2015", Washington Post, December 31, 1910, p1; "No Babies in U.S. By 2015", Colorado Springs Gazette, December 31, 1910, p1; "Walker's Theory of Immigration", E.A. Goldenweiser, American Journal of Sociology (November 1912) p346
  65. ^ "Moisant and Hoxsey Dare Winds and Die", New York Times, January 1, 1911, p1
  66. ^ "Wright Aviator Instantly Killed Before Big Crowd", The Pittsburg Press, January 1, 1911, pp1, 4