December 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Dec. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Dec. 21

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on January 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For December 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 7.

Feasts[edit]

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ The Forefeast of the Nativity of the Lord begins on December 20. From now on, most of the liturgical hymns will be concerned with the birth of the Savior. Many of the Church's hymns of this period are slightly modified versions of the hymns of Holy Week.[1]
  3. ^ "Saint Philogonios, Bishop of Antioch, before his installation upon the bishop's cathedra-seat, was a laywer-advocate, who came forth in defense of the poor, the widowed and the orphaned. When his wife died, they chose him as bishop of Antioch. Distinguished by profound theological knowledge, Saint Philogonios successfully defended Orthodoxy against the Arian heresy and by this prevented unrest in the Church. During the time of persecution against Christians under the emperors Maximian (305-311) and Licinius (307-324), Saint Philogonios proved himself a confessor of the Orthodox faith. He died peacefully in about the year 323. In the year 386 Saint John Chrysostom preached an eulogy to Saint Philogonios."[6]
  4. ^ "At Antioch, the birthday of St. Philogonius, bishop, who was called by the will of God from the practice of law to the government of that church. With the saintly bishop Alexander and other auxiliaries, he engaged the first combat for the Catholic faith against Arius, and, being renowned for merits, rested in the Lord. His festival was commemorated by St. John Chrysostom with an excellent panegyric."[7]
  5. ^ He is often mentioned by St Gregory of Tours.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Forefeast of the Nativity of our Lord. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h December 20/January 2. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰγνάτιος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας καὶ Θεοφόρος. 20 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Hieromartyr Ignatius the God-Bearer the Bishop of Antioch. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ὅσιος Φιλογόνιος. 20 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Sainted Philogonios, Bishop of Antioch. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  7. ^ The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.391-392.
  8. ^ a b c d December 20. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  9. ^ St Daniel II the Archbishop of Serbia. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ Venerable Ignatius the Archimandrite of the Kiev Caves. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰωάννης ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ὁ ράφτης ἀπὸ τὴ Θάσο. 20 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ New-martyr John of Thasos. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  13. ^ Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek): Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰωάννης τῆς Κρονστάνδης (Ρῶσος). 20 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Repose of St John of Kronstadt. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  16. ^ "Novodvorskaya" and "Lenkovskaya" (Novgorod-Severny) named "Rescuer of the Drowning" Icons of the Mother of God. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  17. ^ Icon of the Mother of God of Novgorod. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  18. ^ The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.1.

Sources[edit]

  • December 20/January 2. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • January 2 / December 20. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • December 20. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.1.
  • December 20. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources