December 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Dec 2 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Dec 4

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on December 16 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For December 3rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 20.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

  • Saint Lucius of Britain, British noble who asked that missionaries be sent to Britain, founding the dioceses of London and Llandaff (2nd century)[11][note 5][note 6]
  • Martyr Cassian of Tangier (298)[11]
  • Saint Mirocles, Archbishop of Milan and Confessor, helped develop the Ambrosian Liturgy and chanting (318)[11]
  • Martyr Agricola, in Pannonia.[11]
  • Martyrs Claudius, Crispin, Magina, John, and Stephen, in Africa.[11]
  • Saint Ethernan, born in Scotland, became a bishop in Ireland, returned to preach the Gospel in Scotland.[11]
  • Saint Birinus, Bishop of Dorchester, "Apostle to the West Saxons" (649)[2][11][14]
  • Saint Eloquius (Eloque), disciple and successor of St Fursey as Abbot of Lagny (660)[11]
  • Saint Attalia (Attala), a niece of St Ottilia, she became a nun and Abbess of St Stephen's in Strasbourg (741)[11]
  • Saint Sola (Sol, Solus, Suolo), Anglo-Saxon missionary priest under St. Boniface (Germany) (794)[2][11][note 7]
  • Saint Abbo of Auxerre, Bishop of Auxerre (860)[11]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Some of these martyrs are also commemorated on December 28.
  3. ^ Theodulus was an eminent Patrician at the court of Theodosius the Great. After the death of his wife, he renounced the vanity of the world and withdrew from Constantinople to a pillar near Ephesus, where he lived a life of asceticism for thirty years.
  4. ^ Hieromartyr Theodore, Archbishop of Alexandria (606-609), suffered for Christ in Alexandria by idolaters who placed a crown of thorns on the head of St. Theodore and, after abusing him, beheaded him.[10]
  5. ^ According to the Roman Martyrology: "At Chur in Germany, St. Lucius, king of the Britons, who in the time of Pope Eleutherius, was the first of their kings to receive the faith of Christ."[12]
  6. ^ "ST. LUCIUS, whose festival is observed to-day according to the Roman Martyrology and the tradition of Switzerland and Bavaria, was Lucius, the first British prince who received the Faith of Christ. It is said that after his conversion and the acceptance of the Gospel by the greater number of his subjects, he resigned his dominions and went to preach in Germany, finally taking up his abode at Chur, in the canton of the Grisons, whence he was called to the reward of his labours in heaven, and, as some add, to the Martyr's crown. According to the same account, he was accompanied from Britain by his sister EMERITA, who eventually suffered martyrdom at Treves or at Chur."..."King Lucius is said to be Llewr Maur, and his principality to have been in or near Llandaff."[13]
  7. ^ A monk and priest from England who followed St Boniface to Germany and lived as a hermit first near Fulda later near Eichstätt. Finally he settled on a piece of land where he founded the monastery called Solnhofen as a dependency of Fulda monastery.
  8. ^ Saint Cosmas was a monk of St Anne's Skete on Mount Athos. He was executed in Constantinople on December 3, 1760 when he refused to convert to Islam. The specific details of his martyrdom are not known.[18]
  9. ^ St George was glorified by the Romanian Orthodox Church in 2005. His holy relics are in the Cernica Monastery, where they are venerated by the faithful.
  10. ^ According to the Russian Sofia First Chronicle, composed in Novgorod, Magnus in fact, did not drown at sea, but saw the errors of his ways and converted to Orthodoxy, becoming a monk in the Novgorodian monastery in Karelia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Προφήτης Σοφονίας. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m December 3/16. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  3. ^ Prophet Zephaniah. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἀγάπιος, Σελεῦκος, Μάμας, Ἰνδῆς, Δόμνα, Γλυκέριος καὶ 40 Μάρτυρες ἐν Σοφιαναῖς. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεόδουλος ὁ ἀπὸ Ἐπάρχων. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεόδουλος ὁ Κύπριος. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰωάννης ὁ Ἡσυχαστής, Ἐπίσκοπος Κολωνίας. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ St John the Silent of St Sabbas Monastery. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόδωρος ὁ Ἱερομόναχος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Ἀλεξανδρείας. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ Hieromartyr Theodore, archbishop of Alexandria (606). HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k December 3. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  12. ^ December 3. The Roman Martyrology.
  13. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp.580-581.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Birinus (Ἄγγλος). 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ The Monk Savva of Storozhevsk and Zvenigorodsk. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γαβριὴλ ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Πατριάρχης Κωνσταντινουπόλεως. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ a b c Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  18. ^ Monkmartyr Cosmas of St Anne Skete, Mt Athos. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  19. ^ St George of Cernica and Caldarushani. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  20. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀγγελὴς ὁ Νεομάρτυρας γιατρὸς ἀπὸ τὸ Ἄργος. 3 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. ^ a b c December 16 / December 3. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  22. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.90.
  23. ^ a b c (Russian) 3 декабря (ст.ст.) 16 декабря 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).

Sources[edit]

  • December 3/16. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • December 16 / December 3. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • December 3. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • December 3. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • December 3. The Roman Martyrology.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources