|Basin countries||New Zealand|
|Length||17 kilometres (11 mi)|
|Source elevation||1,200 m (3,900 ft)|
|Mouth elevation||285 m (935 ft)|
The Deception River is a river in New Zealand. It is a tributary of the West Coast's Otira River, flowing generally north for 17 kilometres from its source on the slopes of Mount Franklin. It passes close to Goat Pass, which gives access to the Mingha River. Almost the entire length of the river is within the Arthur's Pass National Park.
The river was once called "Goat Creek". It was surveyed about 1900 as a possible alternative route for the Midland Line, and the surveyor warned that the water levels could be deceiving. About three months later, a flood from the river into the Otira Valley caused several thousand pounds worth of damage to the railway, and the river was given its current name.
The Department of Conservation maintains a tramping track alongside the river, and it is part of the annual Coast to Coast race. Backcountry huts are available for trampers; one near Goat Pass and another a little further down the river.
- Peter Dowling (editor) (2004). Reed New Zealand Atlas. Reed Books. Maps 69, 70. ISBN 0-7900-0952-8.
- "Deception River". The New Zealand Railways Magazine 9 (1). 2 April 1934. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
- "Arthur's Pass: Mingha - Deception route". New Zealand Department of Conservation. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
- "Goat Pass Hut". New Zealand Department of Conservation. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
- "Upper Deception Hut". New Zealand Department of Conservation. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
- Land Information New Zealand - Search for Place Names
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