Dechencholing Palace

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Dechencholing Palace
bde chen chos gling
Dechencholing Palace is located in Bhutan
Dechencholing Palace
Location within Bhutan
General information
Type Palace
Architectural style Bhutanese
Location Thimphu, Bhutan
Coordinates 27°31′25″N 89°38′34″E / 27.523534°N 89.64273°E / 27.523534; 89.64273
Construction started 1952
Completed 1953[1]
Owner Government of Bhutan
Technical details
Structural system Palace
Floor count Three
Design and construction
Architect Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk

Dechencholing Palace (བདེ་ཆེན་ཆོས་གླིང་, Wylie: bde chen chos gling) is located in Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the north of the Tashichho Dzong and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of the city centre.[2] It was built in 1953 by the third king of Bhutan Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk.

Geography[edit]

The palace lies at the northern end of the Thimphu Valley, on the west bank of the Thimphu River. The palace is accessed via the Dechhen Lam (road) which runs along the eastern bank of the Thimphu river from the district of Yangchenphug, through Langjupakha for several kilometres before approaching the palace. On the way to the palace the road passes the Royal Banquet Hall, the Centre for Bhutan Studies, the Woodcraft Centre and then passes the Indian Estate on the other side of the river.[3] Just south of the palace on the other side of the river is the suburb of Taba. The palace is surrounded by forest to the east and west; the eastern forest is denser and is said to be the only leafy forest in the city.[4] On a slope in the forest high above Taba is the Wangchuk Resort, used as a meditation retreat.[5]

History[edit]

Dechencholing Palace was built in 1953 after the coronation of the third King of Bhutan, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, following the death of his father, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck, in 1952.[6][7] The third king's son Jigme Singye Wangchuck was born here on 11 November 1955.[8] Later, one hundred thousand Raksha Thotreng rituals were performed at the palace as a beneficial rite for the public enthronement of the Jigme Singye Wangchuck in 1974.[9]

The late Royal Grandmother, Druk Gyalpo’s mother the Dowager Queen Pemadechen (Ashi Kesang Dorji), popularly known as Gayum Phuntsho Choden Wangchuck, lived in this palace as a Buddhist nun. However, the present King does not stay in this palace, as the royal residence is now at the Samteling Palace (Royal Cottage).[10][11][12][13]

The palace is frequently used for international delegations, especially those with India.[14][15] Indian ambassadors regularly visit the palace to discuss international relations between India and Bhutan. It is also the venue for hosting luncheons and banquets for Head of the States and other important guests of Bhutan.[16]

Structure[edit]

The palace is a three-storied building set amidst willow trees, lawns and ponds. Except for the present King, other members of the Royal family reside here. Its architecture is entirely in Bhutanese traditional style including the furnishings inside.[17] The palace interior furnishings are said to be encased in metal in repoussé technique superimposed on white velvet.[18]

The late Royal Grandmother, Gayum Phuntsho Choden Wangchuck lived in this palace for many years and possessed her own chapel, adorned with paintings and carvings and candles burning from bowls. Gayum employed a number of women at the palace to weave garments for men and women, producing national dress costumes.[19] As the palace frequently hosts international delegations, it has its own helipad to facilitate swift access even though there is no airport in Thimphu.[20][21]

In 1957, King Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck commissioned a skilled artist named Lam Durlop Dorji of Bumthang to open an embroidery school at the palace, to instruct some 30 young monks in this field.[22] The school has produced several notable thangka embroideries, notably Thongdrel (large thangkas hanging from the roof tops of monasteries and dzongs), and Thangkas (scroll paintings).[22] As Bhutan is a Tibetan Buddhist nation this school heavily revolves around Buddhism which is reflected in its artwork.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ C. T. Dorji (1997). Blue annals of Bhutan. Vikas Pub. House. p. 110. 
  2. ^ Pommaret, p.163
  3. ^ Pommaret, p.162
  4. ^ "Flora, Fauna and Avifauna Reserves". Ministry of Works and Human Settlement. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  5. ^ Pommaret, p.178
  6. ^ Dorje, Gyurme (1999). Tibet Handbook: the Travel. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 839. ISBN 1-900949-33-4. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  7. ^ Dorji, C.T. (1997). Blue annals of Bhutan. Vikas Pub. House. p. 110. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  8. ^ "Jigme Singye Wangchuck". Bhutan Tour. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  9. ^ Khyentse, Dilgo, Rinpoche, Sogyal, Dalai Lama (2010). Brilliant Moon: The Autobiography of Dilgo Khyentse. Shambhala Publications. p. 253. ISBN 1-59030-763-1. 
  10. ^ "Dechencholing Palace". Serving History. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  11. ^ Bisht, Ramesh Chandra (2008). International Encyclopaedia Of Himalayas (5 Vols. Set). Mittal Publications. p. 144. ISBN 81-8324-265-0. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  12. ^ Brown, p. 97
  13. ^ Palin, p. 245
  14. ^ "His Majesty the King granted an audience to the Indian Foreign Secretary". Bhutan Tour. 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2010-08-08. [dead link]
  15. ^ "After US delegation, Indian FM rushed to Thimphu". Bhutan News Service. 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  16. ^ "Paro-Thimpu Tour". Nepal Trailblazer. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  17. ^ "Royal Palace in Dechencholing". Travelpedia. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  18. ^ Krasser, Helmut (1997). Tibetan studies, Volume 256, Part 2. Issue 21 of Beiträge zur Kultur- und Geistesgeshichte Asiens, Volume 256 of Denkschriften (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophish-Historische Klasse), Volumes 1-2 of Proceedings of the 7th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, International Association for Tibetan Studies Seminar (Graz, Austria), Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. ISBN 3-7001-2657-3. 
  19. ^ Gibson, Jack, Sharma, Brij (2008). An Indian Englishman. Lulu.com. p. 362. ISBN 1-4357-3461-0. 
  20. ^ Rustomji, Nari (1978). Bhutan: the dragon kingdom in crisis. Oxford University Press. p. 61. 
  21. ^ Macdonald, Fiona (2004). Peoples of Eastern Asia, Volume 1. Marshall Cavendish. p. 33. ISBN 0-7614-7547-8. 
  22. ^ a b "The History of Bhutanese Handicrafts". Lungta Handicraft. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 

References[edit]

  • Brown, Lindsey; Mahew, Bradley, Armington, Stan and Whitecross, Richard (2009). Bhutan. Penguin. ISBN 1-74059-529-7. 
  • Pommaret, Francoise (2006). Bhutan Himlayan Mountains Kingdom (5th edition). Odyssey Books and Guides. pp. 136–7.