Decimus Junius Silanus (consul)
Decimus Junius M. f. D. n. Silanus (fl. 70 BC-62 BC) was a consul of the Roman Republic. He may have been the son of Marcus Junius Silanus, consul in 109 BC. He was the stepfather of Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, having married Brutus' mother, Servilia.
He was aedile in 70 BC, but he lost the election to be a consul of 63. He was successful the following year, and so in consequence of his being consul designatus was first asked for his opinion by Cicero in the debate in the senate on the punishment of the Catilinarian conspirators. At first he spoke in favor of "the supreme penalty" for the conspirators, but when Julius Caesar suggested life imprisonment, Silanus insisted that that was what he had really meant. As such, it was left to Cato the Younger to force through the decision to actually execute them.
He was consul in 62 with Lucius Licinius Murena. They proposed the lex Junia Licinia, which enacted that a rogatio, a discussionary meeting, must be promulgated three nundinae, or market-intervals, before the people voted on it. It also confirmed the lex Caecilia Didia.
- Cicero, The correspondence of M. Tullius Cicero, Note V p. 429. See also rogatio.
- Appian, Bellum Civilum, ii.5.
- Cicero, de Officiis, ii.16; ad Atticum, i.1, ii.9, iv.16, xii.21.7; in Catilinam, iv.4; pro Sestio, 64; in Vatinum, 14; Philippics, v.3.
- Cicero, The correspondence of M. Tullius Cicero, Volume 1, Edition 2 1885 (Google Books)
- Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, ii.35.
- Plutarch, Cicero, 20, 21; Cato Minor, 22.
- Sallust, Bellum Catilinae, 50.
- Suetonius, Caesar, 14.
- (1)=1st spouse
- (2)=2nd spouse
- x=assassin of Caesar
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
Gaius Antonius Hybrida and Marcus Tullius Cicero
|Consul of the Roman Republic
with Lucius Licinius Murena
Marcus Valerius Messalla Niger and Marcus Pupius Piso Frugi Calpurnianus