Location in Cassia County and the state of Idaho
|• Mayor||Jay Darrington|
|• Total||0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)|
|• Land||0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||4,219 ft (1,286 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||347|
|• Density||1,225.0/sq mi (473.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0397613|
The world's largest potato processing company was founded in 1923 near Declo by a 14-year-old entrepreneur named J.R. Simplot, who had moved to the area with his family as a toddler. The corporate headquarters for the J. R. Simplot Company are now located in Boise.
Declo is located at  at an elevation of 4,219 feet (1,286 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2), all of it land.(42.519441, -113.629978),
As of the census of 2010, there were 343 people, 115 households, and 87 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,225.0 inhabitants per square mile (473.0 /km2). There were 127 housing units at an average density of 453.6 per square mile (175.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.1% White, 4.1% Native American, 9.9% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.2% of the population.
There were 115 households of which 45.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.3% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.44.
The median age in the city was 29.8 years. 35.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.4% were from 45 to 64; and 10.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 338 people, 103 households, and 87 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,226.7 people per square mile (466.1/km²). There were 113 housing units at an average density of 410.1 per square mile (155.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.44% White, 0.59% African American, 0.30% Native American, 23.37% from other races, and 0.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.22% of the population.
There were 103 households out of which 48.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.6% were non-families. 10.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.28 and the average family size was 3.57.
In the city the population was spread out with 38.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,528, and the median income for a family was $39,286. Males had a median income of $32,083 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,884. About 9.4% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Declo is part of the Cassia County School District.
The following schools are located in Declo:
- Declo Elementary School
- Declo Junior High School
- Declo High School
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- Spokesman-Review - 2010 census - Declo, Idaho - accessed 2011-12-28
- Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 176
- Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places, (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, ISBN 978-0-595-47758-6, page 321.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 92.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.