Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India
|Type||Public Sector Unit|
|Key people||Mr.R.K. Gupta,MD|
The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) is a corporation run by the Government of India to undertake planning & development, mobilisation of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the Dedicated Freight Corridors. DFCC has been registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 on 30 October 2006.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Need for Dedicated Freight Corridor Project
- 3 Corporate Office
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Under the Eleventh Five Year Plan of India(2007–2012), Ministry of Railways is constructing a new Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) covering about 2700 route km long two routes - the Eastern Corridor from Ludhiana to Dankuni and the Western Corridor from Jawahar Lal Nehru Port, at Nhava Sheva in Navi Mumbai to Tughlakabad, Delhi/Dadri along with interlinking of two corridors at Khurja. Upgrading of transportation technology, increase in productivity and reduction in unit transportation cost are the focus areas for the project.
DFCCIL has been designated by Government of India as a `special purpose vehicle`, and has been created to undertake planning & development, mobilization of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the Dedicated Freight Corridors. DFCCIL has been registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 on 30 October 2006.
Need for Dedicated Freight Corridor Project
Economic liberalization of 1991 followed by Information Technology industry explosion have taken India to a new growth scenario. Backed by strong fundamentals and commendable growth in the past three to four years, the resplendent Indian Economy is poised to grow even further at an average of 8 to 10% in the next 3 years. Transport requirement in the country, being primarily a derived demand, is slated to increase with elasticity of 1.25 with GDP growth by 10 to 12% in the medium and long term range. Riding on the waves of economic success, Indian Railways has witnessed a dramatic turn around and unprecedented financial turnover in the last two and a half years. This has been made possible by higher freight volumes without substantial investment in infrastructure, increased axle load, reduction of turn-round time of rolling stock, reduced unit cost of transportation, rationalization of tariffs resulting in improvement in market share and improved operational margins. Over the last 2 to 3 years, the railway freight traffic has grown by 8 to 11%, which is projected to cross 1100 million tonnes by the end of 11th Five Year Plan.
The Indian Railways’ quadrilateral linking the four metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, commonly known as the Golden Quadrilateral; and its two diagonals (North-South (Delhi - Chennai) and East-West (Howrah - Mumbai)), adding up to a total route length of 10,122 km carries more than 55% of revenue earning freight traffic of Indian Railways. The existing trunk routes of Howrah-Delhi on the Eastern Corridor and Mumbai-Delhi on the Western Corridor are highly saturated, line capacity utilization varying between 115% to 150%.The surging power needs requiring heavy coal movement, booming infrastructure construction and growing international trade has led to the conception of the Dedicated Freight Corridors along the Eastern and Western Routes.
Dedicated Freight corridors will have higher axle load of 32.5-tons/axle (currently 40-tons/axle loads is the upper load limit for railways due to rail metallurgy limitations) and speed of freight transport at 200 km/h, but recent reports putting it at 100 km/h.
Road-rail synergy system : Roll On - Roll Off service on DFC may transform the way India ships perishable goods and will result a major savings in India's foreign exchequer. India has a major advantage in opting for broad gauge as large trucks can travel on the train tracks without using diesel, at 200 km/h. Trains are run on the electricity, which can be generated from the renewable energy sources. But the design of the route along with tunnels and bridges to accommodate height of trucks will be instrumental in such operations. Konkan Railway, a subsidiary of Indian Railway, which introduced many innovations in the railway sector of India is only railway in India running this service in India as of now, helping India to decrease dependence on external countries for fuel.
DFC may become strategical importance for India as it will help in transferring the military equipment such as heavier tanks to the border in much faster way. But design of the overhead electrical lines as well as weight capacity of bridges and tunnels will play role in this.
Carbon emission reduction may help DFCCIL to claim carbon credits.
Accordingly, the seeds for the project were sown as early as in April, 2005, wherein, Honourable Prime Ministers of India and Japan made a joint declaration for feasibility and possible funding of the dedicated rail freight corridors. Honourable Minister for Railways, almost at the same time, announced in the Parliament the need and planning for the project. Immediately thereafter, RITES was entrusted with the feasibility study of both eastern and western corridors. In May 2005, Committee on Infrastructure (COI) constituted a Task Force, chaired by Shri Anwarul Huda, Member Planning Commission to prepare a concept paper on Delhi-Mumbai (Western) and Delhi-Howrah (Eastern) dedicated freight corridor projects, and to suggest a new organizational structure for planning, financing, construction and operation of these corridors. RITES, in January 2006, submitted the Feasibility Study Report of both the corridors to Ministry of Railways. Almost simultaneously, the Cabinet approved the report of the Task Force of the COI, which directed that a SPV should be set up to construct and operate the DFC. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) gave "in principle" approval to the Feasibility Study report asking the MOR to go ahead with Preliminary Engineering cum Traffic Survey (PETS) for the two corridors, firm up the cost of the project and work out the financing options. In consonance with the recommendation of the Task Force of COI, a SPV, named "Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited" (DFCCIL) was incorporated under Companies Act in October 2006. Subsequently, RITES submitted the PETS Report based on which the project was approved at a cost of Rs.281.81 billion.
Dedicated Freight Corridors
Sanctioned Dedicated Freight Corridors
- Western Dedicated Freight Corridor, (Dadri to Jawaharlal Nehru Port — 1,468 km).
- Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor, (Ludhiana to Dankuni — 1,232 km).
Planned Dedicated Freight Corridors
- East-West Dedicated Freight Corridor - connecting Kolkata and Mumbai, 2,000 km-long
- North-South Dedicated Freight Corridor - connecting Delhi and Chennai, 2,173 km long
- East Coast Dedicated Freight Corridor - connecting Kharagpur with Vijayawada, 1,100 km East Coast corridor
- South-West Dedicated Freight Corridor - connecting Chennai and Goa, 890 km-long -
- Bangalore - Chennai Dedicated Freight Corridor
- This DFC goes through Bangalore-Chennai Industrial Corridor promoted by Japan & India.(There are proposals to extend this line to Mangalore to connect India's biggest Petrochemical complex, international air-cargo facility(direct flights to gulf and Europe) and major seaport in Mangalore with Whitefield ICD(Inland Container Depot), through a tunnel being constructed with the help of Japan in Western ghats. This will result in hazardous petrochemicals currently being transported by road through tankers migrated to the railway cargo, resulting in efficiency improvements in country's energy security and safety to the common people living alongside national highways).
Table Showing Dedicated Freight Corridors in India
|Dedicated Fright Corridor||Route||Track gauge||Speed||Length (km)||Further Extension||Status||Ref.|
|Start Point||Termination Point|
|Western Dedicated Freight Corridor||Dhari||JNPT, Nava Sheva||Broad Gauge||1483||Approved in Rail Budget 2014-15|||
|Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor||Ludhiana||Dankuni||Broad Gauge||1839||Approved in Rail Budget 2014-15|||
|East-West Dedicated Freight Corridor||Kolkata||Mumbai||Broad Gauge||2000||Planned|
|North-South Dedicated Freight Corridor||Delhi||Chennai||Broad Gauge||2173||Planned|
|East Coast Dedicated Freight Corridor||Kharagpur||Vijayawada||Broad Gauge||1100||Planned|
|South-West Dedicated Freight Corridor||Chennai||Goa||Broad Gauge||890||branching to Mangalore from Bangalore||Planned|
|1||Mr VK Kaul||Managing Director|
|2||Mr. Sanjeev Pahwa||Managing Director, Secretary|
|3||R. Sinha||Director (Finance)|
|4||Mr. P. N. Shukla||Director (Operations and BD)|
|5||B. B. Mr. Saran||Director (P P)|
|6||Mrs Meenu Kapoor||Company Secretary|
|7||Mr. SK Raina||Group General Manager / Engg-I|
|8||Mr. Rakesh Goyal||Group General Manager (Engg-II) and HR|
|9||Mr. Abhay Mishra||Group General Manager / Finance|
|10||Mr. Surinder Kaul||Group General Manager / hypothesis|
|11||Mr. Vinod Kumar Yadav||Group General Manager / Electrical|
|12||Mr AK Minocha||Group General Manager (Safety)|
|13||Mr. Arun Arora||General Manager (Administration)|
|14||Mr. Shailesh Kumar Pathak||General Manager / Engg - III|
|15||Mr. Kumar Niraj||General Manager (BD)|
|16||Mr. Rahul Agarwal||General Manager (S and T)|
|17||Mr. Bharat Slhotra||General Manager / Finance / II, Chief information officer|
- Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL) Official Website
- Transport in India
- Indian Railways
- Rail Transport in India
- "Strategy of Indian Railways During the Eleventh Five Year Plan". Government of India. 2007-2008. Retrieved 2010-09-18.
- "Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd.". Ministry of Railways, Government of India. 2009. Retrieved 2010-09-18.
- Western DFC
- Eastern DFC