Deeg

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Deeg
डीग
city
Deeg Palace or Jal Mahal Deeg
Deeg Palace or Jal Mahal Deeg
Deeg is located in Rajasthan
Deeg
Deeg
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°28′N 77°20′E / 27.47°N 77.33°E / 27.47; 77.33Coordinates: 27°28′N 77°20′E / 27.47°N 77.33°E / 27.47; 77.33
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Bharatpur
Elevation 174 m (571 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 40,826
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Deeg Fort in Bharatpur district, Rajasthan

Deeg is a town and a municipality in Bharatpur district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is situated 32 km north of Bharatpur and 98 km north of Agra.

In Hindu mythology, Deeg comes under the parikrama path of Krishna which was started from Goverdhan, just only 12 km. far from Deeg. Some people identify it as the ancient town of "Dirgha" or "Dirghapur" mentioned in Skanda Purana. Deeg was the first capital of the newly carved out Jat state of Bharatpur, when Badan Singh was proclaimed its ruler in 1722. In 1730, Maharaja Suraj Mal erected the strong fortress of Deeg. After Suraj Mal moved the capital to Bharatpur, Deeg became the second capital of the rulers of Bharatpur princely state. It is known for its number of forts, palaces, gardens and fountains.

Geography[edit]

Deeg is located at 27°28′N 77°20′E / 27.47°N 77.33°E / 27.47; 77.33.[1] It has an average elevation of 174 m (571 ft).

History[edit]

It is an ancient town. It finds mention in Skanda Purana as “Dirgha” or “Dirghapura”. Deeg was the first capital of the newly carved out Jat state of Bharatpur, when Badan Singh was proclaimed its ruler in 1722. In 1730, the Maharaja Suraj Mal erected the strong fortress of Deeg. After Suraj Mal moved the capital to Bharatpur, Deeg became the second capital of the rulers of Bharatpur princely state. It is known for its number of forts, palaces, gardens and fountains.

Badan Singh ( 1722–1756 AD) after assuming the throne consolidated the headship of the tribe and thereby became the virtual founder of the Jat house at Bharatpur. The credit of commencing the urbanization of Deeg also goes to him. It was he who selected this spot as the headquarters of his newly established Jat kingdom.

Deeg in films[edit]

The 1972 movie by Conrad Rooks, Siddhartha, based on Herman Hesse's novel, was shot in Deeg. Additional scenes in the film were shot in Keoladeo Ghana Sanctuary, Bharatpur. The town is very famous due to Jat history.

Deeg in Books[edit]

All these years only a basic book on Deeg by Mr MC Joshi written for ASI was available. Now Mr Bharat Chugh & Shalini Chugh have come up with a coffee table book "Deeg Palace its romance & wonder" The book traces the journey of an architect through the fantasy water palace of Deeg which as the capital of 18th century Jat heartland. Designed by the Jats to recreate the symbol of Radha and Krishna’s romance (raas leela), it portrays a unique cultural confluence of Mughal-Rajput garden palace architecture. Enriched with explanatory photographs and three-dimensional drawings of its captivating water cascades, scintillating water features and exquisitely decorated stone architectural embellishments, the book is a tribute to its unknown artisans. It captures the spirit of Deeg by not only analyzing the marvelous stonework and architecture but also the modulations and metamorphosis of events which led to the shaping of Deeg. It sees Deeg as a part of a larger fabric beyond just its magnificent superstructure and decorations, the buildings mirroring the times they were constructed in. Intended, equally, for both the creatively informed class of people and the general reader, the book is visualized with an aesthetic and spectacular eye dedicated to Deeg’s eternal heritage, an asset for any art connoisseur. - See more at: http://www.niyogibooksindia.com/showcase/435/#sthash.4R5x3lE9.dpuf

Fairs[edit]

Deeg is famous for the three-day fair held in the month of September, when the forts of Deeg are brought to liveliness.

Architecture[edit]

The palace complex together with its water gardens was a summer retreat for the maharajas of Bharatpur. The layout comprises several palaces called bhawans, interwoven within series of charbaghs and water gardens. The major Bhawans are Gopal Bhawan, Divan I Khas or the Kishan Bhawan, Wrestling palace or Nand Bhawan, Keshav Bhawan, Hardev Bhawan, Suraj Bhawan and symmetrically arranged twin pavilions of Sawan & Bhadon. [2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Deeg had a population of 40,826. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Deeg has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71% and, female literacy is 49%. In Deeg, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

How to reach[edit]

Can be reached from Agra, Mathura, Alwar or Bharatpur. Regular Buses are available from Jaipur, Bharatpur, Alwar, Mathura and New Delhi. Slow trains are available from Alwar and Mathura. Deeg railway station lies on the Mathura-Alwar railway line that caters mainly to freight trains and also slow train service from Jaipur .

Nearest Airport is Delhi and can be reach in 3-4 hours.

A point to note[edit]

The 900 fountains, the major attraction of Deeg Palace, work twice a year during the avamasaya festivals in February & September. Deeg Palace museum remains closed on Friday.

See also[edit]

== References ==[4]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Deeg
  2. ^ Deeg Palace its romance & wonder by Bharat Chugh & Shalini Chugh
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ Deeg Palace its romance & wonder by Bharat Chugh & Shalini Chugh

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